Several items in this timeline (chronology) link to fuller items further
down the page or on other pages. Use it as one index to the page. There is
another index in the margin.
Margery Kempe born Margery Brunham. She was
the daughter of John Brunham, sometimes mayor of Lynn, in Norfolk. She
married John Kempe, who became a town official in 1394. They had
fourteen or more children at least one of whom (a son) survived into
The 1995 USA paperback (left) of
her medieval story has been sub-titled
"autobiography of the madwoman of God"
A chapter by chapter analysis of the book is available on the
mapping Margery Kempe website
Margery Kempe had a child and went "out of
her mind" for about eight months.
And in this time she saw, as she thought, devils
opening their mouths all inflamed with burning waves of
fire, as if they would have swallowed her in, sometimes
ramping at her, sometimes threatening her, pulling her
and hauling her, night and day during the aforesaid time.
Also the devils cried upon her with great threatenings,
and bade her that she should forsake Christendom, her
faith, and deny her God, His Mother and all the Saints
in Heaven, her good works and all good virtues, her
father, her mother and all her friends. And so she did.
She slandered her husband, her friends and her own self.
She said many a wicked word, and many a cruel word;
she knew no virtue nor goodness; she desired all wickedness; like as the
spirits tempted her to say and do, so she
said and did. She would have destroyed herself many
a time at their stirrings and have been damned with
them in Hell, and in witness thereof, she bit her own
hand so violently, that the mark was seen all her life
Margery was relieved of her madness through a vision of Jesus, and against
the advice of her "maidens and keepers" her husband returned to her the
keys of the domestic cupboard and her freedom to communicate with her
And also she rived the skin on her body against her
heart with her nails spitefully, for she had no other
instruments, and worse she would have done, but that
she was bound and kept with strength day and night so
that she might not have her will. And when she had long
been laboured in these and many other temptations, so
that men weened she should never have escaped or lived...
Margery Kempe was restrained in her own home. It is about this time that we
read the earliest known
buildings in London
for restraining mad people. The
was not established until 1713.
1413 (soon after her father's death) Margery Kempe left
to take a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. She returned via Rome and left Rome
in Easter 1415
"She had so much affection for the manhood of Christ, that when
she saw women in Rome bearing children in their arms, if she could
ascertain that any were man children, she would then cry, roar, and weep as
if she had seen Christ in His childhood.
If she saw a seemly man, she had great pain in looking at him, lest she
might have seen Him Who was both God and man.
... the Father of Heaven ... told her that she should be wedded to His
... 'I take thee, Margery, for My wedded wife, for fairer, for fouler,
for richer, for poorer, so that thou be kindly and gentle to do as I bid
1417 left on pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in Spain, via
Bristol. On her journey back through England she was twice interrogated and
imprisoned. She returned to Lynn sometime in 1418
"Kempe recounts several public interrogations during her travels. One
followed her arrest by the Mayor of Leicester who accused her, in Latin, of
being a "cheap whore, a lying
Lollard," and threatened her with prison. After Kempe was able
to insist on the right of
accusations to be made in English and to defend herself she was
briefly cleared, but then brought to trial again by the Abbot, Dean and
Mayor, and imprisoned for three weeks. She returned to Lynn some time in
"During the 1420s Kempe lived apart from her husband. When he fell ill,
however, she returned to Lynn to be his nursemaid. Their son, who lived in
Germany, also returned to Lynn with his wife." (Wikipedia)
1431 Death of John Kempe and the Kempe's son.
Margery Kempe finished dictating a book about
Thomas Moore and the beating of the frenzied heretic
In his apology (1533), Moore explains which heretics he had ordered to be
beaten whilst Lord Chancellor (October 1529 - May 1532):
"Another was one which, after that he had fallen into that frantic heresy,
fell soon after into plain open frenzy beside. And albeit that he had
therefore been put up in
Bedlam, and afterward by beating and correction
gathered his remembrance to him, and began to come again to himself, being
thereupon set at liberty, and walking about abroad, his old fancies began
to fall again in his head. And I was from divers good holy places
advertised, that he used in his wandering about to come into the church,
and there make many mad toys and trifles, to the trouble of good people in
the divine service, and specially would he be most busy in the time of most
silence, while the priest was at the secrets of the mass about the
elevation. Whereupon I, being advertised of these pageants, and being sent
unto and required by very devout religious folk, to take some other order
with him, caused him as he came wandering by my door, to be taken by the
constables, and bounden to a tree in the street before the whole town, and
there they striped him with rods therefor till he waxed weary, and somewhat
longer. And it appeared well that his remembrance was good enough, save
that it went about in grazing till it was beaten home. For he could then
very well rehearse his faults himself, and promise to do afterward as well.
And verily, God be thanked, I hear none harm of him now."
Juan Ciudad Duarte
Known examples of collective action are
exceedingly rare before the 19th century. A
"Petition of the Poor Distracted Folk of
Bedlam" is often mentioned. The primary sources for this (see
below) are ambiguous. Whilst it is possible to read them as evidence of
collective action by patients, they can also be read as evidence of
complaints by others being investigated. By contrast, the
Alleged Lunatics Friend Society, founded in 1845, is well
The Story of Bethlehem Hospital by
Edward O'Donoghue, page 160. The "court books" refers to the
Bethlem Court of Governors Minutes
The relative of a
Bethlem patient, Elizabeth Slater, complained about her
treatment in 1620:
April 1620, a committee was appointed to hear the
complaints made by a
Mr Slater about his daughter's mistreatment and abuses in general; in July,
three Governors were ordered to discuss and investigate further alleged
Andrews etc 1997
(Kindle Locations 2007-2008).
"The Governors undoubtedly expected inmates to be looked after in a way
that did not damage them. When the father of Elizabeth Slater, a woman
transferred from Bridewell to Bethlem in August 1620, complained
that 'her foote was rotten . for want of good looking to' a mere three
weeks later, they immediately ordered a committee to investigate this and
any other possible abuses." (
Andrews etc 1997
(Kindle Locations 3594-3596).
From A transcript of the registers of the company of stationers of
London; 1554-1640, A. D. Edited by Edward Arber. Volume three.
available in the
Haithi Trust Digital Library
In 1635 William
Jones was one of the twenty two master printers of London
(same source). He may have had a printer son who died in 1627. The family
were puritans and one or other was prosecuted in 1609 in a case that the
king (James 1st) took an interest in. William Jones (the father?) died in
1643. His printing business was a continuation of that of Ralph Blower and
was continued by Thomas Paine (See
Library of Congress name authority file)
Peterson 1982 refers to this. In his bibliography he lists
Petition of the
poor Distracted People in the House of Bedlam London 1620 No known
copies remain" (p.355) and on page 47 he says
"I know of only one piece of protest writing from the
seventeenth century, a pamphlet entitled The Petition of the
poor Distracted People in the House of Bedlam, which was registered in
1620 but then lost"
Other people tell different stories:
"as far as we know the existence of a 1620 Petition of the Poor Distracted
Folk of Bedlam is no more than a rumour" - "the existence of a
document called a 'Petition of the Poor Distracted Folk of Bedlam',
supposedly composed by patients and submitted to the House of Lords.
Although widely reported (including a reference in the book Personal
Development and Clinical Psychology) ... does not appear in Bethlem's
archives, and as far as the archivist, Colin Gale, knows, it is a 'phantom
reference'. ... if the first genuine patient perspective of Bedlam dates
from as late as
(Madness and the Theatre blog)
Winter 1651 George Fox's
vision of blood in the streets of Lichfield
1651 or 1652 Birth of Christoph Haizmann (died 14.3.1700) who became
a painter and, in 1669, engaged in what he saw as a "pact with the
The pact is said to include the words
"I, Christoph Haizmann, subscribe myself to this Lord as his bounden son
till the ninth year. Year 1669"
29.8.1677 In church, in the Seignory of Pootenbrunn, near Vienna,
Christoph Haizmann was seized by convulsions. Shortly afterwards
confessed to a pact with the devil made nine years before.
The picture of the first meeting with the devil, a genial genleman walking
his dog, is taken from a three part (Triptych) thanksgiving painting by
Haizmann which shows the exorcism of the devil in the centre.
John Thomas Perceval's father
John Thomas Perceval, founder of the
Alleged Lunatics Friend Society born
(Gault, H. 2010,
p.49). He died 1876.
26.3.1805 Birth of
Luke James Hansard, original founder of the
Alleged Lunatics Friend Society.
His father (James Hansard 23.3.1781-1849) was the second son of Luke
Hansard (5.7.1752-29.10.1828), founder of the firm that
printed reports of
Luke James Hansard working in his grandfather's printing firm?
June 1824 Edward L. Peithman, aged about 20, came to England from
Germany. In 1827 he published Peithman's Latin composition, in 1830
Peithman's Latin grammar and in 1832 Peithman's French grammar. See
December 1826 First of the Albury conferences in which an elite
group gathered in a Sussex banker's house to discuss the "unfulfilled
Spencer Perceval junior took part.
11.5.1827 The new Caledonian Church in Regent Street, minister
Edward Irving, built for 1,700, was full filled to overflowing
at its opening.
29.10.1828 Luke Hansard died at the home of James Hansard in
Southampton Street. He had returned to London from Worthing
10.10.1828 and had been "carried up-stairs" by James, Luke Graves
Hansard (a brother of James) and
Luke James Hansard (aged 23). The firm became "James and Luke
(Trewin and King 1952 p.162.
March 1830 At Row (now Rhu) on the Gareloch and the Clyde coast:
"On Sunday, 28th March, 1830, Miss Mary Campbell spoke in
tongues and some days later was miraculously healed of consumption at her
home at Fernicarry on the Gareloch in the parish of Roseneath,
Dunbartonshire." Strachan, The Pentecostal Theology Of Edward
John Thomas Perceval
went to Scotland to enquire about the Row Miracles
7.10.1830 Begining of Spencer Perceval's busy month of
London madhouse visiting
Christmas 1830 In Dublin,
John Thomas Perceval
deprived of the use of reason". He was
admitted to a private asylum (in England) in January 1831
John Thomas Perceval
confined in Brislington House.
14.2.1831 Spencer Perceval's first motion (withdrawn)
calling for a day of national fasting.
1.3.1831 First Reform Bill introduced into the House of Commons
March 1831 Spencer Perceval making
some London madhouse visits
July 1831 Second Reform Bill in the House of Commons
1831 cholera in Britain
December 1831 Third Reform Bill in the House of Commons
21.3.1832 Spencer Perceval to the House of Commons:
"I tell you that this land will soon be desolate; a little time
and ye shall howl one and all in the streets. I tell ye that the
pestilence, which God is now holding in, will be let loose among ye, and
that the sword will follow it ... I tell the house more than this: the
Church of the land shall be laid low, for she hath corrupted her way before
God ... trouble yourselves not with this Bill; for this which I have told
you is your doom ... God looketh into your hearts, and seeth that you care
not for him. He seeth that ye think that ye have got your Sovereign into a
"Ye may think me mad, and ridicule me as a man beside himself
21.3.1832 National day of fasting and
May 1832 John Thomas Perceval moved to Ticehurst Asylum
7.6.1832 Royal Assent to the
Parliamentary Reform Act
John Thomas Perceval , married Anna Lesley Gardner, a
cheesemonger's daughter, who was described by his family as "quite out of
his station in life". They went to Paris, where their first two daughters
were born: Jane Beatrice, April 1835-1893 and Alice Frederica, June 1836-
1941 (1921?). Their third daughter, Selina Maria, 1838-1925, married her
Sir Horatio George Walpole, assistant under-secretary of state for India.
Fanny Louisa Charlotta, 1845-
1862, died when she was 17.
John Thomas Perceval's elder sister, Isabella, married Spencer
Walpole who, as Tory Home Secretary, in
1859 set up an inquiry into
lunacy laws that John Thomas gave evidence to.
1838 Birth of Herculine Barbin (1838-1868), who became
Abel Barbin after
1860, otherwise known as Alexina B. He killed
February 1868. (Wikipedia -
1838 A narrative of the treatment experienced by a
during a state of mental derangement: designed to explain the causes and
the nature of insanity, and to expose the injudicious conduct pursued
towards many unfortunate sufferers under that calamity by
John Thomas Perceval published anonymously.
24.8.1838 Richard Paternoster's
reported in The Times
TO THE EDITOR OF THE TIMES
Sir - It is due to Mr
Richard Paternoster, whose seizure and confinment an
insane person have excited so much interest, that the public should be
informed that after a full investigation of the circumstances by the
Metropolitan Commissioners in Lunacy (set on foot immediately
upon their being acquainted with the fact) and after a detention of six
Mr Finch's Lunatic Asylum at Kensington, he has been released.
We are, Sir, your most obedient servants, LAKE AND CURTIS. Solicitors to Mr
Paternoster. 11 Basinghall-street, October 5, 1838
Nicholas Hervey (1986) appears to suggest that this was an advertisement
"for others to join him" and that it brought John Thomas Perceval and
Paternoster together, to be joined in 1839 by William Bailey and Richard
Marquis of Normanby Home Secretary 30.8.1839 to 3.9.1841 -
Preface p.x to 1840 Narrative, Perceval says that "since the present work
was placed in the hands of the printer", the Marquis (in contrast to others
previously) had attended to his suggestions "with as much courtesy as good
will". Perceval speaks of the confidence inspired in him by his previous
publication had enabled him to approach the Marquis.
22.9.1839 Letter from John Thomas Perceval in The Satirist.
The letter was written in Paris in August 1839
16.2.1840 Letter from John Thomas Perceval in The Satirist.
The letter was written from Kensington.
Oxford fired shots at the carriage of the newly married Queen
Victoria and Prince Albert. He was found insane and sent to
1840 A narrative of the treatment experienced by a
during a state of mental derangement: designed to explain the causes and
the nature of insanity, and to expose the injudicious conduct pursued
towards many unfortunate sufferers under that calamity by
John Thomas Perceval published with his name
on. [Different content]
9.8.1840 Perceval's Narrative reviewed in The Examiner
Peithman sought an audience with Prince Albert and found himself
October 1840 The assault on his wife (below) led to Arthur Legent
Pearce being confined in the criminal lunatic wing of
Bethlem, where John Thomas Perceval used to visit him. It
appears to have been in visiting Pearce that Perceval met
(above). The conditions in Bethlem led Perceval to protest and in the
early 1850s this led to inquiry into Bethlem and Peithman's
release. For Arthur Legent Pearce see
poems in 1851.
"ATTEMPTED MURDER.-On Friday week the neighbourhood of
Kensington Gravel-pits was thrown into a state of considerable excitement,
in consequence of a report that a lady had been shot by her husband under
circumstances of a peculiarly painful nature. The lady in question is Mrs.
Elizabeth Pearce, the wife of Mr. Arthur Legent Pearce a respectable
surgeon, residing at No. 23, Bedfordplace, Kensington. Mrs. Pearce, who is
about 36 years of age, has been married to her husband some years, and has
three or four children, one of whom is still an infant in arms ; and she
has possession of considerable property in her own right. For the last week
or two an alteration bad manifested itself in the conduct of Mr. Pearce. He
had been heard accusing his wife of unfaithfulness to him, and also with
having made repeated attempts to poison him, by introducing arsenic into
his food, &c. On the afternoon of Friday they were visited by a friend, who
remained, with the intention of taking an early dinner with them. Between
two and three o'clock, just as they had sat down to the dinner-table, Mr.
Pearce suddenly rose, and, complaining that the room was insufferably hot,
pushed up a window behind where his wife was sitting, and at the same
instant discharged a pistol at her. Mrs. Pearce immediately fell off her
chair, and while the friend who was sitting with them ran towards Mr.
Pearce, she contrived to creep out of the room, and escape into the street,
where her cries and her appearance, her hair hanging dishevelled about her
ears, without shoes, and her dress (a light muslin one) on fire, soon
brought several of the neighbouring residents to her assistance, when, her
burning clothes having been extinguished, she was assisted to the residence
of Mr. Taylor, her medical attendant, in High-row, Kensington Gravel-pits.
On Saturday, at the sitting of the magistrates, at their office in
Kensington-square, Mr. Collison, the solicitor of Mr. Pearce, applied for
an adjournment of the case, it being essential that his client should have
counsel. Before doing so, however, he would have an interview with Mr.
Pearce. Mr. Collison, after an absence of nearly an hour, returned, and
said it was still his wish that the case should be postponed for a day or
two, that he might consult with the friends of Mrs. Pearce, who he must say
had met him with the greatest consideration in the matter. Mr. Jennings, on
behalf of Mr. Pinto, the guardian of Mrs. Pearce, had no objection to the
postponement of the case on the grounds stated. The magistrates determined
to hear some evidence before they adjourned the case, and Mr. Pearce was
placed at the bar. He appeared greatly agitated and much dejected, holding
a handkerchief before his face during the investigatimi. Mr. Rodes,
apparently a military man, stated that he was on a visit at the prisoner's
house, and, as they were about to sit down to dinner, Mr. Peace complained
of the sultriness of the day, and threw up the window with some violence '
at that instant he heard the report of a pistol, and Mrs. Pearce fell to
the ground. She then crawled from the room, and running through the garden,
reached the street, her clothes being then in flames from the lighted
wadding catching them. In his examination by the bench, the witness said he
did not see the pistol in the prisoner's hands at the time, nor did he see
him fire it off. Mr. Taylor' the surgeon, deposed that Mrs. Pearce was
wounded in the breast, but he could not say that it was by a ball ; it
might have been by the wadding ; no ball was found on probing the wound ;
she was much burned about the arm. He further stated that Mrs. Pearce was
suffering very severely from the wound and the burns. Mr. Pilkington
adjourned the further examination until Wednesday, and the prisoner was
taken in a fly to the New Prison, Clerkenwell." (The Tablet
25.10.1840 Letter from John Thomas Perceval in The Satirist.
Refers to the
suicide of Edward Perceval
1840 Sir John William Lubbock (Age 36) and his family moved into
High Elms, Downe, Kent. From 1842 they were neighbours and friends of
Charles Darwin and his family. In
1846, John William Lubbock was one of the three trustees of the
Alleged Lunatics Friend Society.
June 1841 Proposal for an association of asylum doctors
December 1841 Richard Paternoster's
The Madhouse System
21.11.1843 Arthur Legent Pearce, now an inmate of
[Bedlam] in the parish of St George, Surrey: commission and inquisition of
lunacy, into his state of mind and his property. The National Archives, Kew
"LUNACY.-On Tuesday an inquisition, in the nature of a writ de
lunaticÝ inquirendo, issued against Mr. Arthur Legent Pearce, at present an
inmate of Bethlehem Hospital, St. George's-fields, was opened bcfore Mr.
Commissioner Winslow, at the Horns Tavern, Kennington. The jury, without
requiring the learned Corninissioner to sum up, returned a verdict to the
effect "That Mr. Pearce was of unsound mind, that he was ncapable of
managinghimself or his affairs,: and that he had been so from the 16th of
Perceval's letter to the Home Secretary about William Bailey
Perceval's letters upon the reform of the law
affecting the treatment of persons alleged alleged to be of unsound
3.1.1845 Start of a conflict between
Luke Graves Hansard, who was
controlling the printers, and Henry Hansard, who considered he should be a
6.6.1845 Lunacy and Lunatic Asylums Bills to be
introduced to the House of Commons by Ashley, James Graham (the Home
Secretary) and Vernon Smith
House of Commons at the Committee stage of the Lunacy and Lunatic Asylums
Perceval's petition presented to the House of Commons by
Thomas Slingsby Duncombe
MP, calling for an inquiry "into the treatment of Lunatic and
other patients and ... the laws affecting their seizure, detention and
release" before the Lunacy Bill became law. If that was not possible
Perceval wanted specified amendments be made to the bill to provide greater
security of civil liberties.
Duncombe stated that if the Bill was not postponed to the next session, to
allow for an inquiry, he would "divide the House on every stage". He was
supported by Sharman Crawford and Viscount Duncan and secured 15 votes (to
117) for postponement.
Petitions of Lewis Phillips, Joseph Digby and William Bailey
Alleged Lunatics Friend Society formed.
(Gault, H. 2010,
p.190) - See above and below - See publications
of the society - publications of
Perceval (and index of sources about)
Thursday 14.8.1845 First meeting of the new Lunacy
Report of the Alleged Lunatics' Friend Society published
covering the period 7.7.1845 to 7.1.1846
Perceval became (honorary) secretary
to Alleged Lunatics Friend Society in succession to
Luke James Hansard".
"Luke James was withdrawing into an eccentric world of his own.
He was only mad nort-north-west: when the wind was southerly he could still
govern Turnstile and Parker Street with his own shrewdness. But there were
now periods of blurring when he thought merely in cloudy symbols".
March 1846: From an advertisement:
ALLEGED LUNATICS' FRIEND SOCIETY, founded July, 1845 - At a meeting of
several Gentlemen feeling deeply interested in behalf of their fellow
creatures, subjected to confinement as lunatic patients. It was unanimously
That a Society be now formed, to be entitled "The Lunatics' Friend
Society," and it has subsequently been agreed to name the same "The Alleged
Lunatics' Friend Society,"
That this Society is formed for the protection of the British subject from
unjust confinement, on the grounds of mental derangement, and for the
redress of persons so confined, also for the protection of all persons
confined as lunatic patients from cruel and improper treatment.
That the Society will receive applications from persons complaining of
being unjustly treated, or from their friends, aid them in obtaining legal
advice, and otherwise assist and afford them all proper protection.
That the Society will endeavour to procure a reform in the laws and
treatment affecting the arrest, detention, and release of persons treated
as of unsound mind.
Lord Viscount Lake - James Ackers, Esq., MP - W. Bagge, Esq., MP - Sir H.
Winston Barron, Bart., MP - Peter Borthwick, Esq., MP - Col. Henry Bruen,
MP - R.A. Christopher, Esq., MP -
Crawford, Esq., MP - Hon. W.N. Ridley Colborne, MP -
T. Slingsby Duncombe, Esq., MP - Major-Gen. W.A. Johnson, MP -
John W. Lubbock, Bart, - S.C. H. Ogle, Esq., MP - John Patrick
Somers, Esq., MP - Edmund Turner, Esq., MP - The Hon. C. Pelham Villiers,
Alleged Lunatics Friend Society was noted at the weekly meeting
Lunacy Commission, attended by Ashley and professional
commissioners. At the same meeting,
Haydock Lodge became an issue.
27.11.1846 entry in the Visitors Book on the Criminal wing of
I visited the Hospital this day for the purpose of seeing my Friend Mr.
Pearce, and being
ushered into the waiting room, & finding this upon the table, I beg leave
to call the attention
of the Governors to the following observation. Having myself been confined
some years back
from a temporary derangement of the understanding, I knew the irksomness of
without hope (except that which inwardly maintained me from a confidence in
reasonableness of the views I entertained, when I was of opinion that my
liberty ought to have
been restored to me, and my trust in the Power and Wisdom of a Divine
Providence) and the
depressing influence of such a confinement & of every circumstance that
rudely called it to my
recollection. Amongst the most painful of these circumstances was the
constant sight of heavy
bars to my window, which in my extremely nervous state even produced a
sensation of physical
pain to the visual organs. I observed the bars to the windows in this
Asylum are peculiarly
massive-and they remind me so much of the horrors of my former situation,
that it is with a
considerable effort, that I am not persuaded by my feelings from fulfilling
my intentions, when
I come to the gate of the Asylum. I think the Committee might safely remove
these bars, and
substitute windows with small sashes in iron frames-or adopt in some cases,
the plan pursued
in many private asylums, of having Venetian blinds to the windows. This
would give a more
cheerful appearance to the Hospital outside, and relieve in a greater
degree than can be
conceived by those who have never secluded under such circumstances, its
Hansard's advertisement in The Times
attacking Joseph Hume MP which led to his losing the contract for printing
19.5.1847 Notice in The Times from Henry Hansard saying that
the partnership between himself and [his older cousin]
Luke James Hansard "is this day Dissolved, and that the business
will henceforth be carried out by me alone". Luke James denied in the press
that Henry had ever been a partner, he said he was just "an Allowance
Clerk". Luke James' father
(James Hansard) took legal action against him - [which may have
been to apply to
Chancery for a
Writ de lunatico
inquirendo] - Henry and Luke James fought the issue of the
partnership out. It was resolved in Henry's favour in October 1847 and the
firm recovered the printing contract. (See
Trewin and King 1952 p.231).
25.12.1848. Entry in the journal of
"The Times of this day contains an advertisement from
Luke James being
entitled 'An Appeal to the People of England of All Classes of the United
Queendom!' The only opinion that can be passed upon it is that it a
confirmation - were confirmation necessary - of his condition... This
wretched man has been enabled to prolong the Chancery suit for
nearly two years, to bring his father from worry and vexation to
the brink of the grave, to involve the concern and myself in enormous
expense and perhaps destroy my fondest hopes in life and to be in all
probability - amounting almost to certainty - the ruin and means of
degradation to his own family consisting of six or seven children"
Trewin and King 1952 p.232).
Report of the Alleged Lunatics' Friend Society published
28.1.1851. Entry in the journal of
"Saw an advertisement in the Times by Mr L. J. Hansard to the
Governors of Christ's Hospital asking for a presentation for her child,
reciting the numerous charites of her husband and his having been
27 years Printer to the House which appointment he had lost
owing to his having neglected his own interests in the cause of
philanthropy and stating that he is now absent from the country from
inability to meet his pecumiary engagements"
Trewin and King 1952 p.235).
Poems by a Prisoner
(Arthur Legent Pearce) published by
Autumn 1854 Edward
Peithman, having been released from
Bethlem, saw fit to approach
Prince Albert again, and was detained in Hanwell. He was allowed to leave
the country in the company of
John Thomas Perceval.
Case of Dr.
published by Perceval
5.5.1855 Ann Tottenham taken to an asylum. 28.6.1855 Inquiry
into Ann Tottenham's case.
21.8.1855 [Walter] Abraham Haigh born Mayfield, Derbyshire, to James
Haigh, cotton merchant, and Sarah Crompton Haigh. Living with his parents
as lodgers in Over, Cheshire, in 1861. Matriculated at St. John's College,
Cambridge, 8.10.1876 (of Stafford).
Received his BA from Cambridge University (not Oxford) in 1881. A school
tutor at May Place, Main Road, Hanley Castle, Worcestershire in 1881. At
this time, his father James was a patient in St Thomas's Hospital, Lambeth,
A. Haigh was admitted to
Bethlem Royal Hospital on 18.10.1882 and
discharged 20.7.1888. See
1884. Ordained deacon (London) 1889; priest,
1890; Curate of Bromley, Kent, 1889-1891. Curate of Christ Church, Chelsea,
Middlesex, 1891-1892. No address given subsequently, and disappears from
Crockford, 1902. [Mostly from Cambridge University Alumni]
(Museum of the Mind and
4.1.1856 Ann Tottenham escaped
Herculine Barbin an assistant teacher in a girl's school.
She became the lover of Sara, another teacher. Excruciating pains led to a
medical examination in 1860 and a decision that Herculine was a man. She
changed her name to Abel Barbin.
17.7.1858 Release of
Rosina Bulwer-Lytton from
Friday 23.7.1858 Mrs Mary Jane Turner at
Acomb House near York. Not only was she
insanely jealous, or just jealous, but also, should the asylum keeper
degrade a lady?
Late 1858: Mr Laurence Ruck at
House, Middlesex. Was he drunk or insane when he abused his wife
and other people? Should doctors profit from recommendations?
Late 1858? Case of Reverend William Leach confined in
Sussex House. Was he mad to want to marry a servant girl? Was
she a gold-digger? How close to God was he?
Report of the Alleged Lunatics' Friend Society (for 1858)
January 1859 Public Meeting at
Exeter Hall (The Strand, London) called by the
Alleged Lunatics Friend Society in the wake
of the cases of
Mary Jane Turner,
Laurence Ruck and William
Leach. A resolution was passed to petition for a government inquiry into
the operation of the lunacy laws.
(Wise, S. 2012 p.286)
April and August 1859 and July 1860: Three reports from a
of the House of Commons
"on the operation of the Acts and Regulations for
the care and treatment of lunatics and their property"
18.7.1860 news item in L'Écho Rochelais about a
modest and pious woman of twenty-one who believed herself to be
feamale and was so believed by everyone else who had been found to be male
on medical examination. "une erreur de sexe a été reconnue...
La jeune fille était tout simplement un jeune homme".
John Thomas Perceval living at 3 High Street, Herne Bay, Kent.
Their youngest daughter died in 1862, aged 17 (
Gault, H. 2010
John Bull 25.1.1862: Letter from
John Thomas Perceval quoted (
Gault, H. 2010,
"In your paper of the 4th of January... you allude to the
horrible treatment of a paralysed patient in the county asylum at
Hanwell. I am sorry to have to remind you that this is not a
solitary instance... for a few months ago inquests were held on another
patient in that asylum who had died after receiving very dreadful injuries,
as well as on one who was accidentally scalded to death. And only lately...
two keepers were tried for the murder of a patient at
Colney Hatch, who had died with eleven of his ribs fractured,
their ligatures separated, his breast bone broken in, and his liver
1868 August Natterer born in Schornreute near Ravensburg, Germany.
He studied engineering and became an electrician. A
1907 vision led to a suicide attempt and
confinement. He spent much subsequent creative energy drawing his vision.
Abel Barbin committed suicide by inhaling gas from his coal
gas stove. His memoirs were found beside his bed.
23.6.1870 Selina Maria Perceval, daughter of
Perceval married Sir Horatio George Walpole, son of Rt. Hon.
Spencer Horatio Walpole and Isabella Perceval. She died 5.11.1925
Lunacy Law Reform Association
28.2.1876 Death of
John Thomas Perceval (Gault, H. 2010, p.194).
"Rachel" met her husband to be "Martin Grant-Smith". She became Rachel
Grant-Smith (pseudonym) in 1881. - See
The Experiences of an Asylum Patient 1922
[Archibald] Archie Meek, who
first suggested a union of mental patients to
Thomas Ritchie, was born about 1880. He died in Shotts,
Lanarkshire in 1973, aged 93. [569/331]
Van Gogh used this picture as the inspiration for the oil painting called
At Eternity's Gate
, painted shortly before his own death in
Vincent van Gogh's early drawings of an old man with his head in
hands. This one has the title "worn out". [Pencil on watercolour paper
The Hague: November, 1882. Now in the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam].
The drawing is one of a series of studies of Adrianus Jacobus Zuyderland
(pensioner 399) on which Van Gogh commented: "The poorest woodcutter, heath
farmer or miner can have moments of emotion
and mood that give him a sense of an eternal home that he is close to."
Hippolyte Bernheim published De la suggestion dans l'état
hypnotique et dans l'état de veille. Foucault (1974) argues that
"the age of anti-psychiatry begins with the suspicion that... Charcot
actually produced the hysterical fit he described"
1884 Birth of
Sabina Spielrein, an asylum patient who
became a psychoanalyst.
Johanna Stuten-te Gempt published a pamphlet "Mijne ervaringen in het
Haagsche Krankzinnigengesticht" (in Dutch) [My experiences in the mental
July - September 1901 Birth of a James Ollier registered in
Lancashire. Born Widnes. Father John James Ollier (born about 1877). Mother
Elizabeth (Previously Collins. Born about 1882). In 1911 they lived in five
rooms at 3 Roscoe Street, Hulme, Manchester. John James was a General
Carrier and an employer. In
1924 a James Ollier
(literate, with a neat hand) organised collective action by inmates in the
Royal Albert at Lancaster. The James Ollier born 1901 died (aged 66) in
Haslingden, Lancashire in July-September 1967. He may have run a taxi
service in Delamere Street, Winsford, Cheshire, from 1939 to 1962.
August Natterer (Neter) (1868-1933) saw a vision lasting about
half an hour and including about 1,000 images.
This pencil picture depicting one of the images was drawn about 1911. It is
catalogued as "witch with eagle, crocodile and cornucopia". Inventory
number 151 in the Prinzhorn Collection
This is one of the images by Natter that featured in
1922 in Hans Prinzhorn's
Bildnerei der Geisteskranken (Artistry of the
A Mind that Found Itself. This was published
by Longmans Green in New York - But London, Calcutta and Bombay are also
listed. The date is shown as 1908, but the copyright as
Clifford Whiitingham Beers 1907. The book was published in New
York and London and reviewed in British papers.
21.10.1909 Rose Nuttall born. About 1953 she had a "complete cure"
following a pre frontal leucotomy", which she spoke about on Radio 4 in
1972. She died Winchester, aged 72, in December 1981.
"Arnold Schoenberg composed Pierrot Lunaire, a suite of semi-spoken
songs for a moon-touched loon"
(Ben Wilson 14.11.2002) -
Listen over the internet
William Smart Harnett admitted to a private asylum - In
was awarded damages.
Charlotte Mew had written
Ken, but it could not be published because magazine editors
"believed in the segregation of the feeble-minded"
12.6.1915 Christopher Paget Mayhew born London. As chair
of the National Association for Mental Health from 1969 to 1978, in which
time it became Mind, he is said to have
drawn "on his own experiences of
psychiatry in the 1940s and of his television work", including one into the
mental effects of hallucinogenic drugs in 1955." (Robert Ingham
DNB). Sometime in 1956 he spent a few days in a ward at
Warlingham Park Hospital in preparation for the television
Mind, which he presented in January 1957. He spoke in
the debate on the
Percy Report in July 1957.
On the Asylum Road
10.6.1917 Birth of Stephanie [or Stephani] Mary Allfree, daughter of
[born Godwin] and Geoffrey Stephen Allfree,
With her husband, Stephanie created a fantasy world called Thessyros
"Cupid and Cherry". The story is told in The Starlight
Years: Love and War at Kelmscott Manor
1940 - 1948 (Dovecott Press March
2015) edited by her son, Joscelyn Godwin
16.4.1918 Terence Alan [Spike] Milligan born in Ahmednagar, India.
"In 1919, Nijinsky became mad. He expressed himself solely through his
"diary", a story and a mystical quest, and through numerous drawings
declining endlessly a single geometric figure, the circle."
"During the early part of his breakdown Nijinsky would shut himself away
all night, feverishly drawing and writing. Many of his drawings include
stylised human figures and portraits, all based on the circle."
[The Mask] "seems to belong to a group of less figurative
drawings which he produced as his mental state approached a crisis,
described by Romola in her biography of him: His study and rooms were
literally covered with designs; no longer portraits or scenic or decorative
subjects, but strange faces, eyes peering from every corner, red and black,
like a bloodstained mortuary cover. They made me shudder. "What are those
masks?" "Soldiers' faces. It is the war."
Citizen soldiers: "in the aftermath of the war... ex-servicemen
were drawn into recording
their embittered experience at the hands of official agencies such as the
war pensions authorities"
30.6.1920 Edith Morgan born, County Durham. Her husband, William
Morgan (Farmer, poet, economist) was born
Breconshire in 1916. -
Good Practices in Mental Health - "Edith worked for Mind head
office and was director for Local Mind Associations. Through this role she
was aware of very many good local mental health initiatives and she felt
that these were never given the credit they were due. The newspapers, if
they covered mental health at all, just had stories about large psychiatric
hospitals and how bad they were (from various inquiries in the 1970s). So
Edith had the idea for Good Practices in Mental Health, which she raised
money for and ran herself when it started. Inevitably GPMH involved
service users in its local projects but not in a planned way - more just
because they were sometimes involved in the local projects. So, for
example, Eastbourne GPMH was coordinated by a man who was an unemployed
service user who was keen to do the work" (Thurstine)
- Edith died 21.8.2003 aged
83. William died Highgate 1990. Edith died Hampstead.
21.4.1921 Sidney Isadore Briskin born in Bethnal Green, London. In
1965 he established
Kingsley Hall Asylum. He died 10.2.2010 at Golders Green,
Obituary by Leon Redler
September quarter 1921 Alfred Charles Barnes married Kate Marshall
Portsmouth. [Her mother called her 'Kit' - p.15]. Their first child,
Mary Barnes, was born in 1923. "Mother would tell me how she met
father at a church Bible study group. Then he went away to war, came back,
asked her to marry him. At first she said no". (p.24)
21.12.1921 William Sinclair Warwick (Bill Warwick) born, probably in
Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland. His family moved to England before he was six.
His maternal grandmother, Susan Williams (born 1880) died in
Fife District Asylum on 13.3.1941. Bill served in the RAF pay
corps during the war, but was committed to a mental hospital in England
whilst on leave from North Africa. He was in a manic state of happiness in
relation to a romance. Bill was treated
Electro Convulsive Treatment, without anaesthetic in
1945/1946 - diagnosed
"This Mad World" February 1963 -
April 1973 MPU -
- Visited Janet Cresswell
Pension tribunal -
1981 list -
Matthew O'Hara Committee News 16.6.1981
moved to Wirral Autumn 1982 -
died June 1999
about 1922 Edith Haithwaite born. See - See
Rampton 1939 -
Rampton 1957 -
Jean Oury born
This statement is written by a patient and signed by patients.
On July 18th 1924 Patient
reported to the Chief Attendant the
bruise of patient William Dugdale on hip (penus) which Dugdale had said Mr
Hully had done it with kicking him.
The undersigned patients were present when the Chief Attendant replyed
saying he did not believe it. Mr Hully would not do such a thing.
Also informed him to mind his own business.
1925 Evidence to the
Royal Commission on Lunacy and Mental Disorder
National Society for Lunacy Reform brought forward a number of
ex-patients who wished to give evidence. After the first day's hearing in
public, the Commission decided that the atmosphere was one of
'recrimination and controversy', and directed that future hearings of this
kind should be held in camera. 'We do not find,' they record, 'that the
evidence received from this source made any constructive contribution to
the main purpose of our Inquiry" - "This evidence was published among the
minutes of the Royal Commission" - Again, the Commission received over 360
letters from patients. 'Some of these,' they note, 'were unintelligible.'
Peter George Barnes born Portsmouth -
Mary and Peter 1945
Mary and Peter
Kingsley Hall June 1969 -
1926 Anthony O'Donnell (Tony O'Donnell) born. Whilst serving as an
engineer in the merchant navy (mid-1940s), had voices in his head of the
Chief Engineer telling him he was useless. Furious, he burst into the Chief
Engineer's cabin, was put of the ship at Vancouver, sent back to England
(Scotland?) and committed to a mental institution where he received ECT
Mental Patients Union
Robin Farquharson House
- married Nina Ramage late spring 1976 -
Hackney Union of Mental Patients 1987 - died
Frederick Alexander Jenner (Alec Jenner or Frederick A. Jenner) born,
Brentford, Middlesex. Mother's maiden name Young .
Nick Crossley's Interviewee
1? - Lived (2004) Manor Farm, Brightholmlee, Wharncliffe Side,
Sheffield, S35 0DB.
11.3.1928 Thomas Ritchie (known as Tommy), founder of
SUMP, born in Lanark, Scotland.
[In 1971 he said he was 43. Exact date from death registration]. His
brother John Ritchie was born about 1923.
By the time Thomas arrived, his father was drinking heavily. This led to
the family separating: John with his father and Thomas with his mother and
a Roman Catholic aunt. The aunt pressured him to take technical rather than
artistic subjects, but he did not last long studying engineering at the
Royal Technical College (18 in 1946). Thomas
came to London in the early 1950s and "drifted into photography". Arrested
for drink driving in Aylesbury, he served three months in prison. In
he went to Ireland, living in Belfast (where he had a photography shop) and
Dublin. About this time he became dependent on
mood changing drugs. He
moved back to England, establishing a photography business in Brighton. In
January 1960 he began a three months sentence in Brixton for drink driving,
during which his photography equipment and business books were stolen from
his flat and
dormobile in Brighton. He
returned to Lanark and
voluntary patient in Hartwoodhill Hospital. Court sent him to
Crichton, Barlinnie Prison, and then
in 1963. [See
SUMP box] In Hartwood he wrote a life-story
Summer 1966, and life in Hartwood and
personal grievances in
September 1967 (box) - In 1968/1969 he
completed a three-months course at a Rehabilitation Unit
and passed two A level exams.
- From 1969 he
shaved other patients, one of whom suggested the idea of a union
(box) - His problems
seeking work for rehabilitation in 1970/1971 became an important grievance
(box) - After an
unlicensed trip to Edinburgh, he was confined to "Ward 7" on
Tommy compiled collective
grievances, dated 26.7.1971, which he
30.7.1971. As a result, the Scottish Mental Welfare
Commissioners visited Hartwood and "several personal grievances have been
redressed". The signatories of the grievances were later
taken as founding members of
SUMP (Scottish Union of Mental Patients -
Discharged (summer 1971) he continued to
organise. The first public annoucement that he had started a Scottish Union
of Mental Patients came in the undergroung newspaper
Ink on 16.11.1971. The article reproduced te full text of
"Advantages of patients in mental hospitals having their own fully
democratic and autonomous national association or union".
Tommy used the Ink article to publicise the union in
Hartwood and secured support from the Scottish Council for Civil Liberties
and another article in The Glasgow Herald on
7.4.1972 Tommy began a "Journal of SUMP Days"
- phoning his MP on
28.4.1972 - visiting Gartnavel
7.5.1972 and Gartnavel and Gartloch 4.6.1972
- In June, Tommy decided he would have to go to London to find paid
employment. He talked to th SSCL about continuing the work in Scotland,
made a final visit to his colleague Bill Ferguson in Gartnavel and on the
way to London decided to see if he could sell his story to the Daily
20.6.1972). Tommy became a member of the
London based Mental Patients Union in 1973, who published an article about
February 1974. From
1974 to 1976, he was a
founder tenant of MPU house in Woodford. - After this he found work
cleaning toilets in Hackney and
Islington on 18.11.1983
About 1989, Joan wrote her own "Obit". So here it is:
Born in 1928 in
a warm working class street where all the
children played together. Did
well at school. Remained child-like all her
life, because that was fun, but had an adult side. She did some original
work in chemistry. Had great fun in doing laboratory work.
achieved a chemistry degree. Later on in life, after
a break down, became
concerned about other people with breakdowns in
a house for homeless people
from mental hospitals. Worked tirelessly to give people a better life. The
policies worked out in these houses later became Government policy, and
people who had breakdowns, when better, were able to have community care
and live as equal members of the community. She was a catholic who was pro-
life and against nuclear weapons. Worked in the peace movement and lived to
see the withdrawal of nuclear weaponry by the super powers. Joan had a
lot of friends, who were of all different types. Almost
everyone came to the funeral, but I wouldn't expect those with more
important duties to the living to come. The friends made friends with each
other. The cat was also brought to the funeral, and scratched for joy on
Barnes five years old. "When I was five years old we moved to a
bigger semi-detached house with a long garden. It was in the country about
twenty miles from London, in those days in a rural area" (p.15) [Alfred
Charles Barnes and Kate Barnes were at 2 Winter Villas, Money Lane, West
Drayton, between 1928 and 1935]
27.6.1928 Peter Michael Whitehead born in Queen Charlotte's
Hospital, Hammersmith - See 1935 -
St Joseph's and
Besford Court -
14.1.1946 Canning Town -
Rampton 1946 -
NCCL 1947 -
NCCL 1.11.1954 -
Rampton 1956 - 1958 David Roxan's
Sentenced without Cause
4.8.1929 Birth, Salford, of Hugh Lionel Freeman. Assistant Editor
British Journal of Psychiatry 1978-1983, when he bacame editor.
1984 to November 1988.
15.4.1930 Ivy Buckland born. Died 11.12.2011, aged 81. "A great
person, full of gentleness, compassion, dignity and
humour". A long-serving officer of Contact at
Tontine Road Community Centre, Chesterfield.
Very involved with the development of
Survivors Speak Out. See
January 1986 -
Spring 1986 -
1986 - Summer
Manchester Mind Newsheet -
1987 - Edale -
Barker and Peck 1987
born (died 1973). See -
Kingsley Hall -
21.3.1973 - Bitman -
4.7.1973 - See
Late summer 1930 Michael Barnett born. Father (probably) Bearon
Barnett a Jewish "bookmaker" (a binder of books in leather) and mother
Joyce E Simmonds.
They lived on the western borders of what is now Hackney and Michael went
to Dame Alice Owen's school in Islington. After the army (National Service)
he studied Maths and Law a Pembroke College Cambridge. He went into
business and then travelled with his wife, Pamela. In Australia, in 1965
(35 years old), he was prescribed medication for his mental problems. They
returned to London in June 1967 and the birth of their son, Shem, was
registred in Hampstead in the spring of 1968. Through Aaron Esterson
Michael was led to work
at "Q Hospital"
[Henderson]. In May 1969 he joined forces with Peter Stumbke in
Psychiatric Atrocities, before Sidney Briskin told him it was
"connected with Scientology". Withdrawing from this, he wrote a manifesto
for "People for a New Psychiatry" that was published in International
People Not Psychiatry and he published a book
with that name in 1973 which began "all writing is about oneself". He set
up a "Growth Centre" that he called "Community".
In 1974 he became a
disciple of Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh (Osho), and ran seminars in
Poona (India). In 1982 he set up his own "Energy Field" known as "The
Wild Goose Company". He and his commuity wandered from Switzeralnd to
Italy, to France, and to Germany. He now operate under the trade name
Ruth Barnes born Uxbridge (see p.27)
"My sister, Ruth, is still alive with her family in South Africa. My
parents died there, my brother died in London and my younger sister Dorothy
died in Australia"
(Mary's Finale November 2000)
About 1931 Kathleen Rutty born. She was detained illegally as a
mental defective from from 21.6.1948, to 21.2.1956 - See
Rampton 1956. At the time of her discharge on
she was on licence in the care of her half-brother and in remunerative
Hansard 8.12.1958 re review of people detained under that
29.3.1931 Janet Myra Coleman
born at Bushey, Hertfordshire. Only child of Myra Coleman, a school
teacher. Her father was a research
chemist. After Watford Grammar School she became a secretary. She married
John W. Cresswell, an architect, in the spring of 1956, in Watford.
Their daughter was born in the summer of 1961, by which time they were
living in London.
Horton February 1965 -
1970 - first letter to MPU 17.4.1974 -
petition October 1975 -
Bill Warwick visited 15.8.1976 -
Matthew O'Hara Committee News 2 Summer 1981
Lawletter 1983 -
Phoenix 1984 -
The One Sided
Wall 1989 -
Asylum 1994 3 -
Asylum 1997 3 -
Asylum 1998 2 -
death of Bill Warwick June
Asylum 2001 4 -
Transfer from Broadmoor
November 2006 release -
death of Tony O'Donnell 2007 -
Janet's own ideas are outlined in a box.
Peter Thompson born. - Pakenham-Thompson
Broadmoor 1965 -
Books 1972 and 1974 -
Matthew Trust 1976 -
UK Federation of Smaller Mental Health Agencies 1996 - died 2003
About 1933 Noele Arden born. See
Rampton 1948 - about
Moss Side 1954 -
Rampton 1955 -
Child of a
Peter Sedgwick born - on
Schizophrenia From Within 1975 -
PsychoPolitics 1982 - died
1983 - See also
Mental Health and Civil Liberties and external link to
March quarter 1935
Dorothy J Barnes born Uxbridge.
Her mother nearly died and had a life after death experience. It
was about this time that
Mary Barnes "really started to talk to myself, to God, to be
always praying" (p.37). Dorothy went to the
Far East and Australia, but also lived with her daughter in
Welwyn Garden City. Her daugther was a friend of her (aunt) Mary.
Dorothy died in Australia:
(Mary's Finale November 2000)
Wolfgang Huber born.
SPK February 1970 -
Fresnes June 1973
20.7.1935 Ursel Schaefer, born in Cologne. She became a doctor and married
In the long letter of 22.10.1993, Wolgang Huber refers to Ursel and himself
as "two Frontpatients"
1921 Education Act, Special School education had to be provided
from the age of seven for children who were defective or epileptic,
considered cabable of education, but not considered suitable for normal
school education. [See the 1927 description by
Monsignor Thomas Newsome of high-grade
Local authorities could provide this education by boarding a child in an
area that had a special school. In Peter Whitehead's case he was moved from
Peter Whitehead... has been certified as unsuitable for
education in an ordinary elementary school, but not incapable by reason of
mental defect of receiving benefit from instruction in a special school for
mentally defective children." (minutes of Southampton Borough Council
27.6.1935 [Peter's seventh birthday], quoted by
David Roxan 1958, p. 23 [See
1921 Education Act].
Finding a place took 15 months.
St Joseph's 1937
Marion Beeforth born - See
- Sainsbury 1990 -
Mental Health Task
Force 1993 -
died 29.7.2000 -
obituary by Jan Walcraft
Jean-Claude Polack born
About 1938 Birth of Peter Richard Jameson, President of the Oxford
Union Debating Society. "He suffered from schizophrenia and so was in
and out of hospital, but he maintained lifelong friendships". First chair
(1986) of the
National Voices Forum. "He enjoyed the
Edinburgh Festival and performed in theFringe". Died 11.2.2008, aged 70.
1938 Jill Molyneux born.
Testimonies Project Died 2002.
1938 Judith Holt born Neasden, London.
Victor Finkelstein born. Died 30.11.2011.
June 1938 Sheila Anne Beskine born in Croydon. She became a student
at the Bath Academy of Art in Corsham, Wiltshire (closed 1986) and an
occupational therapist at
St Clements Hospital,
Bow. She wrote poems working with
other Art therapists, including
Adamson. Sheila thinks across categories, using pictures,
objects, poems and associations. She has inspired may discussions of Art at
Survivor History Group meetings.
4.12.1938 Ken Smith born in Rudston, Yorkshire.
Bedlam with Matthew Sweeney - In the
poetry archive he reads some of his poems.
First edition of Alcoholics Anonymous - Also known as
the Big Book. 300,000 copies were printed. They took sixteen years to sell
(external link) -
about 1939 Mike Llywelyn Cox (Mike Cox) born. See
The Commission for Patient and Public Involvement in Health
(CPPIH) - PPeyes
Desmond Curley -
first posting for Survivors History
26.4.1939 Matthew Paschal O'Hara born (in Dublin?). See
June 1980 death
Britain declared war on Germany.
Mary Barnes says (p.38) "The day the war
started, father was sent away, out on the North Sea on minesweepers, and I
was sent away, to school as an evacuee". (16 on 6.2.1939. She was on a pre-
nursing course). "This was the beginning of the physical split-up of our
family. Mother was left with my brothers and sisters. Sometimes father came
home during the school holidays. He was in the Home Guard and used to get
us on the kitchen floor, practising unarmed combat. Battered about as I
felt, mad an angry and often homesick, it was not me but my brother who
then broke down"
1948 Edward and
Stephanie [born Allfree] rented Kelmscott Manor, Oxfordshire, to
the war in a drug induced state using
Benzedrine, which they called Starlight. "There they created an
aesthetic and erotic paradise based on a fantasy land called 'Thessyros'
"Edward Fell Scott-Snell and Stephani Mary Allfree met in 1935 and set
about cultivating Thessyros, a fantasy land Edward had already sown with
overripe imagery and peopled with priapic cupids, ageing debauchees and,
Godwin explains, 'assorted gardeners, priests, and organists who gleefully
seduce their willing, under-aged charges'"
(Chris Fletcher, The Spectator 2.5.2015)
About 1941 Lewis Mantus born -
About 1941 Jenny James born. From a very political (communist)
family, she was active politically from 1958 (aged 17), "firstly in the
Communist Youth movement and then in the
Nuclear Disarmament". She also had several personal
Her first child, Rebecca James [Becky], was
born in the late summer of 1961 in Exeter, Devon. Being in "very radical
left wing movements, with very radical left wing boyfriends" was not enough
and she sometimes felt suicidal. She was therapy with David Boadella, a
Wilhelm Reich in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Convinced that
"radical social change couldn't take place without a deep emotional
healing" she "became involved with the People Not Psychiatry (PNP) Movement
and for several years ran a
free, drop in therapy house in London"
Speaks of her "community" being "founded in London in 1970"
People not Psychiatry
1974 - Jenny was based at 12 Villa Road from 1974 to 1978 - At the same time,
she established the Atlantis commune in Burtonport, Ireland. Nick named
"The Screamers" by the local people. -
- In 1980 the community moved to the island of Inishfree. In
1988 they moved to Colombia in South America.
1997. In 2000
one of Jenny's grandsons and his friend were murdered.
After two years the boys
rejoined their younger sister and parents, who had rented a flat on Heath
Hurst Road in Hampstead.
Peter's father was a priest turned communist
activist and among his many visitors was Paul Robeson, whom he once
accompanied to Russia in the early 1950s.
At 30 he suffered a breakdown and was sent to
Henderson Hospital in Surrey. Formed
Steel an Skin in 1975
Chief executive of the
Afiya Trust in 1999. Died 1.3.2012
Camden Journal obituary -
Spring 1941 Peter Scott Blackman born, Hammersmith, London.
His mother (maiden name Scott) was of Jamaican and English descent. His
father was Barbadian. His mother had become the first black nurse in
(?). He was evacuated to Yorkshire and later sent to Glasgow.
to London aged seven (?), but his parents had temporarily separated and he
brother were sent to a children's home in Essex.
1941 David Brandon born. See
North West Mind -
Voices of Experience -
Colleagues - Died November 2001 -
1941 Ken Lumb born - He "grew up in the Freehold area" of
Lancashire, "living his early years in
Talbot Street. He developed muscular dystrophy in his late
teens and because his brother was also disabled, the family moved into one
of Rochdale's first specially adapted homes in Rooley Moor Road". -
"confined to a wheelchair from the age of 20" (1961) -
November 1964 -
"He met Anne at the
Ronald Gorton Day Centre -
Union of the Physically Impaired Against
Rochdale Voluntary Action -
Anne Plumb "moving to Shelley Avenue, Boarshaw," [Middleton]
"where they have
remained ever since" - 1981:
International Year of Disabled People -
Greater Manchester Disability Action Group - helped found
Middleton DIAL (Disablement, Information and Advice Line) Constitution
Hazel was born in 1984" -
1985 A founder
Greater Manchester Coalition of Disabled People
"a governor at Boarshaw Primary School for several years". -
"for 12 years edited local magazine
Coalition, which covered the issues affecting people with
disabilities." - "admitted to North Manchester General Hospital suffering
from bronchial pneumonia". Died 19.2.2009, aged 67.
external link to obituary from which
quotations are taken. A Tribute was held for Ken at the Greater Manchester
Coalition of Disabled People on Tuesday 10.3.2009, followed by a private
Spring 1942 Julian H Barnett born Bathavon, Somerset. His mother and
father came from Stepney in the East End of London, which his where his
siblings were born. Presumably his mother was living in the country to
escape the bombing. See
Patsy Staddon born. See
(Women's Alcohol Dependency)
(authenticity in a hostile environment)
research book) - and
1944 Gabrielle Cox born. See
27.1.1944 Kevin Coyne born. Died 2.12.2004.
Andrew Roberts (me) born in London during the
final air raids of the second world war. How did this
little baby gain his
identity as a mental patient? He was very young when he started
looking at the world
upside down. From about eleven years old he sometimes had
suicidal desires, but at other times was equally intensely
over-enthusiastic about life.
Runwell Hospital, Wickford measured the
waves of his brain about
1955. Before he left the school for failures,
he wore academic dress on the back of a lorry.
1963 he was standing at the door of a psychiatric centre
(Ingrebourne), looking on a sunlit lawn, with his mind set on
his heart responding to the grass. When you leave a mental hospital you
have to choose to
cover up or be open about it. Andrew does not remember
ever covering up. In 1964,
Valerie Argent was sent to
Belmont (mental) hospital to get her
away from Andrew. It did not work: On his 21st birthday, they were married.
1969 he started studying social science at
Enfield College of Technology. Another breakdown.
He and Valerie helped found the
Mental Patient's Union in 1973. Another
breakdown and another suicide attempt. Just survived.
Still alive. Ambition
to die a natural death. See
stereotype. More potty biographies
September 1944 First issue of The Broadmoor Chronicle -
Broadmoor patients' magazine
October 1944 An exhibition at Ryman's in Oxford of the paintings of
Stephani [born Allfree] Scott-Snell [soon Godwin] at which
privately printed copies of Stephani's poems Thessyros were on sale.
In the fantasy world of Thessyros, Cupid and Cherry are adolescent lovers.
"During the autumn... friends and relations loyally flock to the exhibition
(page 136). Amongst them may have been uncle and aunt Bernard and Dorothy
Uxbridge, who named their youngest, and last,
"Cherry" in 1948.
See the illustration
"Cupid and Cherry in the Ivory Tower", which illustrated
Peter Whitehead was "unaware ... that he
had been certified...
Besford Court the month's dragged past. The Germans surrendered"
Hiroshima and Nagasaki heralded Japan's downfall. Peter's life
was not affected: his world was limited to the bounds of the institution."
(Roxan 1958, p.73)
Allied victory in Europe.
"just after the war",
was wondering about going to Russia to become a doctor and have a baby as
a single mother. She considered her ideas "fantastic, must be crazy" and
went to Europe as a midwife with the
United Nations Relief Organisation, before becoming a District
Nurse and then "to be content just to travel, and get married in order to
have a baby. I decided to become an Army Nursing Sister". It was at the
point when she was "ready to enter the army" that her brother
entered her room at night and said he had come to sleep with her. This
event led, eventually, to his hospitalisation. (pages 42-43)
"When I was twenty-two the Army stationed me abroad, first to
Egypt and then to Palestine. Peter remained locked up in a mental hospital"
(Mary Barnes, p.48)
Alistair Cox born. See
PNP Manchester 1971 -
Tony Riley -
42nd Street 1979
5.10.1982 Battersea, Newcastle and Nottingham
dissenting voices at
Community Challenge Conference -
1987 on Steering Group for MIND Consumer Advisory Network -
July 1988 article
"In Care in North Battersea" published -
1990: Senior Lecturer in Social Policy at Brunel
Survivors Speak Out -
"Psychiatric System Survivors
and the Disabled People's Movement" -
Doing Disability Research - take hold of our past -
Professor in 1998 - chair,
Shaping Our Lives 1999 -
History meetings -
User Controlled Research -
October 2005 -
May 2006 -
Manchester 2008 -
collective? - 20.10.2010
it's the poor what gets the blame -
keeping Mad Studies safe
Peter Beresford born - 1967: BA from Oxford College, Oxford
University - 1975 to 1977: lecturer in social administration at
Lancaster University - 1976 married Suzy (Suzie) Croft - eight years
poverty as a
community activist - [Peter calls North Battersea
"my own home town"] - 1978 Peter and Suzie's
Battersea Community Action report, no. 1. - 1980 to 1992 mental
health service user
1945/1946 In 1978
Bill Warwick wrote that he was "still suffering from the effect
of the dose" [of ECT} "meted out to him in 1945/46". In 1979, however, a
Pensions tribunal denied he had received ECT and said he was treated the
drug Somnifane: "It was used quite a lot in the Military Lunatic Bins"
The Association of Parents of Backward Children formed
Post war legislation meant that
became just a Special School and had to close it
Mental Deficiency Institution activities. That meant that residents like
who were no longer children had to be
discharged, either to supervised places in the community or to other
institutions. In January 1946 Peter was sent on a trial licence to work
amongst the bomb damage of the East End of London. A fight with another boy
resulted in his recall after fourteen days.
Peter Whitehead left
Besford Court "for a trial period of licence in London. He
worked in the kitchens at the
Dockland Settlement in Canning Town. "It was all a terrible
shock to me. I realized how shut-in my life had been, while people were
dying when the bombs came down. I had seen photographs in newspapers, but
none of them had prepared me for what things were really like. Walking
through streets that were only paths through the rubble, all my old fears
about my mother being buried after an air raid came back to me". Peter was
taken back to Besford Court following a fight with another boy. He was in
Canning Town for 14 days - His first period outside an institution since he
was a baby.
(Roxan 1958, pp 73-74)
17.9.1946 Anne Plumb born. See
Anne Plumb by
Anne Plumb -
Anne Plumb Collection and
moved to Rochdale -
Ken Lumb -
archive start -
Letter on racism, Autumn
Edale September 1987 -
DATA Distress Awareness Training Agency.
May 1988 -
Survivors Speak Out June 1989
Survivors Speak Out 1991-1993
Distress or disability? February 1994
December 1946 First
Rampton Board of Visitors' review of
Whitehead's case. "The future years were to teach him the bitter
a man inside Rampton, fighting for his liberty, can achieve nothing by
himself. He is lost without outside help and outside pressure"
(Roxan 1958 p. 125)
1947 British textbook still says
"In my opinion it
would be an
economical and humane procedure were their existence to be painlessly
1947 Birth of Terence McLaughlin, editor of
1947 Rodney Wiley born Leytonstone, London. He went to sea during
the sixties as a merchant seaman to see the world. On his return, his life
revolved around drugs and creative people. Met his wife, had a son and
moved to Southend. One day he came back from work and fell ill with mental
health problems and have had them ever since. It is only in the last few
years that he has had a breakthrough from his breakdown, which includes
OCD. (2012) His book
Fighting Madness took twenty years to
About 1947 Christine Andrew born - See -
Voices and Survivors
Elaine Murphy born. Grew up in Nottingham. Qualified
at University of Manchester Medical School in 1971. 1972-1996 Psychiatrist.
With three year gap with George Brown. Foundation Professor of Old Age
Psychiatry at the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas'
Hospitals in 1983-1986 and District General Manager for Lewisham and North
Southwark Health Authority, and Personal Advisor to the Chief Medical
Officer. As District General Manager she was partly responsible for closure
Cane Hill - 1987/1988
BMJ articles on Community
- mid 1990 three months writing
After the Asylums -
26.4.1947 Tony Riley born in Manchester. His niece Linda was born
16.9.1951. They grew up together and were very close. From 1958 to
1964 Tony attended St Clares Secondary School, Alworth Road, Higher
Blackley, Manchester 9, where he became head boy, but did not tell his
family. He left without completing his A level course. In 1966 Tony
was diagnosed as being manic-depressive (age about 19). He was admitted to
Gaskell House, the (small) psychiatric unit of Manchester Royal
Infirmary. Tony was a hospital
in-patient on two occasions, the second time in
Prestwich. At some time, he developed an intense dislike of
(Withington?) hospital because of its treatment of patients. He
Justin Larner of Manchester Mind made a trip to witness
the hospital in celebration. In
1971, when Tony was living in a men's therapeutic
Plymouth House, he met another ex-patient, Mary Walmesly, at a
the women's therapeutic community at
Forrester House. Tony and Mary Walmesly were members of the
PNP network which, in Manchester, stood for "People Need People"
as well as "People Not Psychiatry". Tony came into contact with PNP as an
indirect result of moving into a group home. Tony
finished his A levels part time, financing this by a job as a cook at
Daisy Bank Road Day Centre. From 1974 Tony studied
sociology at Sussex
graduating in 1977. In 1979/1980 he studied for a Post
Graduate Certificate in Youth and Community Work at Manchester Polytechnic.
From 1980 he worked as a volunteer at the new
42nd Street, founded by
Alistair Cox, and served
on its management committee. Mary and he were married
on 3.10.1981. From 1981 Tony was Senior Youth Worker at the
Neighbourhood Project in Manchester and from 1983 Senior Youth
with Manchester City Council. He moved from youth work to be (part-time)
development worker at
Rochdale Mind and later fulltime development
Manchester Mind, where he remained until 1990. Projects
he developed included a drop-in centre and legal support groups that gave
access to a solicitor. June 1987 facilitating
Harpurhey users group - Whilst working for
Manchester Mind, Tony was
sent to America for two weeks to study
Atlanta, Georgia. -
He founded Distress
Awareness Training Agency (DATA) with
Andrew Hughes and
Manchester Users' Support Group -
DATA box - Employed by
In 1994 Tony helped
Nigel Rose to launch the
Schizophrenia Media Agency -
31.3.2006 Retired from
Having a Voice, aged 60. A commemorative DVD was made -
cancer, aged 65, - Funeral 18.6.2012, 12pm, St Edwards Catholic
Church, Thurloe Street, Rusholme, M14 5SG.
Alistair Cox spoke
about Tony. About 60 people attended.
November 1947 Alan Hartman born. See
Hackney Hospital MPU July
Manchester 1985 -
Manchester Mind 1986 -
Support Group -
24 hours support
The Patients' Case 1988 -
Asylum April 1989 -
2000 - Hackney Users Support Group
2001 Manchester Users Support Group became Manchester Users
24.7.2004 Patient and Public
Involvement Forum -
2008 Manchester Users
1948 Brian Taylor born
1948 Liz Davies born. Married Tim Durkin.
Now Liz Davies.
Liz Davies collection
1948 Brian Douieb born. See
2.3.1948 Cherry Virginia J Allfree born,
Her father was a professional artist specialising in paintings of garden
flowers in vases to hang in one's sitting room. He died in Folkestone, aged
75, when Cherry was only ten years
old. Her older sister (born 1937) was called Myrtle Ellen, so her parents
liked beautiful plant names and, hopefully, cherished their new daugter.
She also appears to have been named from "Cupid and Cherry", pictured
her cousin's book
poems and plates,
published privately in 1944, and publicly in the year she was
born, and this has more sinister tones.
After her father's death, Cherry lived with her mother who was 20 years
younger than her father and she had a lot of time off from school because
1965 (17?) she
was removed from her mother's care by a court on an allegation that her
had permitted sex between Cherry and a lodger. Cherry said it was rape.
Cherry was in a remand home for six months and then placed with a foster
lady for six months, who registered as mentally handicapped because she was
slow at school. She was then admitted to the first of a
group of units in
Colchester. She went to a small home,
Kingsmead for two years.
Lexden House for a year,
Essex Hall for three years
1971?) , back to
Lexden House for three years
and finally back to Kingsmead for two years
making a total of 12 years (about 1965 to 1976) in some kind of
institutional care or foster care. Leaving Kingsmead for hotel work when
she was 28 years old, she had a hole in the heart operation following a
taxi accident, went to Manchester for work, and came back to London. Living
in hostels in Kings Cross, friends took her into a squat in Hornsey
(Welby House) -
Julian Barnett in the mid 1970s. They formed a partnership
whereby Julian would produce the
PROMPT books and Cherry would sell them.
(Frank Bangay, email 5.4.2010). -
R.D. Laing -
A Day in the Life -
PROMPT Dulwich -
Mixed Emotions -
"Cherry was the PROMPT representive who would go over to Holland to meet
the Dutch survivors". (Frank Bangay, email 5.4.2010). -
in hospital 2002
Died, aged 57, around
March 2005 in Lambeth area of London.
Valerie Pamela Argent
born at home. Her father and mother were living at 54 Avenue Road,
Bexleyheath, Kent. Her father was a librarian.
preservation of archives. Summary of life
compiled summer 1985. An account in
December 2008 specifically relates her personal biography to the
development of the mental patients' movement. See
medical file -
Essex Hall and
Escape from Belmont -
shared house -
Community Health Council
discarded poems -
Patients Committee -
Family History Group -
25.5.1948 Mike Lawson born. External link to
archive summary -
full text - Born in an
internment camp Timatowal [Temirtau?] outside Karaganda, in Kazakhstan. -
Berlin - August 1955 Ambler Junior School in Finsbury Park - Haverstock
Comprehensive School - 1965 (17) "I'd had four years in and out of
Napsbury" - "I'm nineteen. Nineteen for the first ECT".
Napsbury - November 1969 (about 20)
Napsbury - Paddington Day Hospital -
MPU: First meeting, working group and second meeting: lived with
Jill at 56 Connaught Road, Craven Park, NW10.
Often at Harlesden Community Project. Had a typewriter, tape recorder, and
facility to duplicate using stencils. -
PROMPT Fund Raising -
Mind 1985 -
What They Teach in Song -
Capital Radio "Breakdown"
We're not Mad - We're Angry -
narrative poem - Vice-Chair
Mind 1988 -1994 -
Crisis Cards -
an archive of his website - See
15.8.1948 Sylvia Rachael Jeffares born Islington. See
Day School 1981 -
Peter Barham born - See Literature Review -
schizophrenic thinking (thesis 1977) -
thesis (1977) -
Hamlet Trust (1988)
- patient to
person (1991) -
Poland (1990) -
human value new preface
Open Society Institute
- patient to person
relocated (1995) -
Pathways to Policy
Albania (2005) -
March 2008 -
9.10.1948 Hilda Turner born
Jan Wallcraft (Janet Wallcraft) born.
Jan was chair of
and Mental Health in the early 1980s. She became a student at
Middlesex University in
1985-1986 she spent six months at
Mind (Harley Street) on a student placement. She took part in
We're Not Mad We're
Angry in 1986. She graduated from Middlesex University
(BSc Hons Science Technology and Society) in
(the summer of?) 1987. She was Mindlink Co-ordinator from
December 1987 to late in 1992 - In
October 1992 she was MINDLink representative
in talks about the
Mental Health Task
freelance mental health consultant from 1992 to 1997 - In
September 1993 she joined the Coordinating Group of
Survivors Speak Out, editing the newsletter in
- She worked with the
Mental Health Foundation from
1997 to 2001 -
Doing Disability Research -
Senior Researcher, User
Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health from
(See 2003 History) - Her
Ph.D Thesis in 2002 was on Recovery
Experts by Experience respecting users and carers
for Mental Health in England) 2002 to 2006 - Operational Manager
(Service User Research Group in England), from 2005 to
2007 - See
her own account on the SUN website and her
online CV -
About 1949 Peter Lindley born in Yorkshire -
archive of profile
15.1.1949About 1949 Kevin Richard Sutton, known as Richard Suton,
born, Tonbridge, Kent. He met Peter Campbell in
April 1986 and
joined Survivors Speak Out "there and then" and took part in planning the
Edale Conference in Derbyshire in September 1987. The first membership of
Survivors Speak Out enrolled at a meeting in Ivy Buckland's hotel bedroom
at a conference in Newcastle in the Spring of 1986. Richard was Survivors
Speak Out's first Information Officer (unpaid) and was known to everyone
who went to its AGMs because he provided "lovely food for lunches" ... "at
a price people could afford" (Peter Beresford Community Care 18.10.2001).
On Saturday 27.1.1996, Richard and Peter hosted a Ten Year Celebration
Party at the Survivors Speak Out Office. Money had run out for the
Information Service and so they gave a farewell present to Gloria Gifford,
the paid information worker. A web site created to replace the Information
Service remained online for many years without being updated. In
retrospect, the ten year celebration may have been the beginning of the
end. When Richard died in Bromley in June 2001 he was still representing
mental health service users. - Died, aged 52, 2001 Registered Bexley
Peter Campbell born in Logierait, Scotland - "a regular
recipient of NHS
psychiatric services since 1967"
(Brackx and Grimshaw 1989).
September 1970 -
June July 1983 first letter in OpenMind -
September 1983: activist -
Camden Mental Health Consortium -
November 1985: Spoke at
MIND conference and his life begins
a rapid change
from obscurity to privilege -
an officer of
Survivors Speak Out from
1996 - See
his summary of Survivors Speak Out -
Spring 1986: preparing
for We're not Mad - We're Angry" -
17.11.1986 We're not Mad - We're Angry
historian of the
movement - 27.6.1987 "dance floors of everyday life" -
September 1987: holding the
Edale Conference together -
Brackx and Grimshaw 1989 describe as "actively involved in
... a member of
Camden Mental Health Consortium ... Secretary
of Survivors Speak Out and a nursery nurse" -
1991: Survivors Poetry -
(Survivors Speak Out funding) -
Speaker at Derby November 1994 -
1996 employed on Open University
1997: interviewed by
Nick Crossley -
28.2.2001: UK Survivor
Workers' conference Manchester -
poetry prize 2002 -
2003: On Our
Own Terms -
History Group -
7.3.1949 Malcolm Chisholm born. Labour MP for
Edinburgh Leith from
1992, (Edinburgh North and Leith from
Member of the Scottish Parliament for Edinburgh North and Leith
Edinburgh Users Forum and
Advocard are located in his contituency. From
November 2001 to
October 2004 he was Minister for Health and Community Care in
Mary Barnes "received into the church, into the mystical body of
Christ, was the most important event in my life... Making confession and
receiving communion bound me into the body of Christ. That same body that
carried the cross to Calvary had I received into myself. My mother was
curious. A year later she became a Catholic" (pp 49-50)
1950 Peter Lehmann born -
David Pilgrim born. See
1950 Denise Winn, editor of
Mind Out, born.
20.5.1950 Patrick Joseph Kelly (Joe Kelly) born "in St Mary's
Hospital Praed Street,
Paddington London where Penicillin was invented".
"Joe has been a service user/survivor for 48 years and an activist for over
A co-founder of
Footsteps Art in
1998. Nominated a champion in
March 2007 -
fundraising to go to
- One of two Brits who attended th WNUSP Conference
Kampala Uganda on 2009 - Started
his blog - 9.11.2012 a new vision of disability.
June 1950 Renata [Erica] Edge born. She became a language tutor and
a Church of England Minister. Living in Derbyshire before moving to
Scotland about 2007 (?). Canal boat enthusiast, photographer and
quilt maker: "I am a very busy
E S Irwin, 24 year old
Radio Serviceman from 8 Grove Park, Bangor, Belfast, Northern Ireland,
sailed from Tilbury on the Ormonde for Sydney, Australia.
1950 Philippe Bernardet born. (Died 15.4.2007, aged 57) - See
Groupe d'information sur le
1951 Matthew Sweeney born in Donegal, Ireland. He co-edited
Bedlam with Ken
Smith - In the
poetry archive he reads one of his poems.
Frank Bangay born Wandsworth. Many of his poems relate back
growing up in a working class area of London. Frank left school
at fifteen and in his
early twenties started
suffering from severe depression and anxiety. Expressing himself through
poetry helped to disperse the gloom and he performed at
Troubadour coffee house
in Earls Court. His poem
Spring is Rising was first published in a hospital magazine. At
the end of the 1970s, he collaborated
musicians in the
Fighting Pigeons band. His work often combines either words and
music or words and pictures. In
1979: he first read PROMPT booklets. From the
early 1980s he distributed hand made poster-poems such as
Solidarity (October 1982). Frank's poetry and music events to
raise money for PROMPT began in
1984 and continued, on behalf of CAPO in
1985. By January 1985, Frank believed in
"causing a fuss". Following an historic gatecrash in
May 1985, Frank
organised entertainment at the Mind conferences in the autumn of
1985 and 1986. Frank's
obituary of Eric Irwin, who died in
December 1987, is an early
source of survivor history. Survivor poetry and music convinced Frank that
"our poetry and other forms of creativity are our only voice, and the only
way we really have of communicating our experiences." (Interview with
The "original inspiration for Survivors Poetry"
in 1991 derived from Frank "who organised numerous poetry
events and published poetry magazines with great love and dedication
throughout the 1980s".
Frank was one of the four principle organisers. From 1992 to
1997 he organised workshops in hospitals, day centres, sheltered housing
and similar grass-roots places. But as the organisation
moved away from such activities, Frank relocated himself to work
Core Arts, in Hackney. In
March 1995 Frank drafted an
"ongoing statement" in connection of with meetings of CAPO that
were taking place. In May 1996, Frank wrote "The old poet rediscovers his
youth, he learns from his wisdom". Poems like
And We Can Learn,
relating to his working class childhood, reflect on its influence and
Frank was interviewed by
Nick Crossley in 1997:.
Naked Songs and Rhythms of Hope, his collected works in
contains in its annotations a history of the movement. It was launched at
first Mad Pride event. In 2000, Frank surprised the Mad Pride
collective by pointing out that their movement had a long history. As a
result, the "Fish Pamphlet" was republished in
Mad Pride: A Celebration of Mad Culture and Frank
"An Uphill Struggle, But It's Been Worth It". In 2005
Poetry Express published "The
Importance of Being Frank" by Xochitl Tuck. Working with Core Arts, Frank
has published several CDs. These include
Jewels in the Pound Shop in August
2005. Frank provided harmonica backing for some of
Brian (Smiley) Sims
'Punk Gardener' rambles were first published in
In Summer 2009 he published
Songs, Poems And Prayers, performed with
support from gospel singer Sophie Mirrel and other Core Arts artists.
the madness history of the musical world of which Frank is part. Frank has
contributed many items to the Survivors History archive. See, for example,
1.3.1951 Carol Batton born.
Carol came to poetry relatively late, prompted by being prescribed lithium
in 1983. This was a pivotal moment in her life: "I went on medication;
first it sent me to sleep and then I started jotting down poetry. "The
medication is by far the worst thing that ever happened to me but it gave
Speak Out newsletter One -
Asylum 2000 and
24.4.1951 Terry [Terence Robert] Simpson, born near Garforth,
Leeds, to a working-
class family. His father worked on the railway, and both sides of his
family were heavily involved in the mining industry.
He went to Leeds Grammar School and then to University College,
Aberystwyth in 1969, gaining a degree in Philosophy in 1972. "I
continued postgraduate studies into "the nature of mind" through
psychiatric hospitalisation in Leeds several times from
(diagnosis "acute paranoid schizophrenic episodes") at which time I
(also known as
has helped me stay out of the mental health system since then".
Mary Barnes entered a convent of Carmellite nuns in Wales.
1952 Terry Conway born Islington. In-patient Friern Hospital
Lived in Hackney from 1984. City and Hackney Mind (?) volunteer from
April 1993. Co-founder of
Hackney Patients Council 1994. Chair for three years.
Mad Pride 2000
David (John) Hill (Dave Hill) born. See allies -
The Politics of
British Network of Alternatives to
"Psychiatric Oppression" -
Mind 1985 -
Director Mind in Camden -
London Alliance for Mental
Health Action (October 1987) -
1952 Anne Beales born -
Together Service User Involvement Directorate
Survivor History Group -
Early 2006 -
Howard John Mingham born Norfolk. Moved to Hackney aged ten
1962). Patient in F Block
1976. Resident Arbours, Norbury 1977/1979. Hackney Writers
11.7.1952 Ray Rowden born. First chair of
1953 Edna Conlan born.
National Advocacy Network 1991
MBE 12.6.1993 -
Health Task Force 1993 -
Have We Got Views for You 1994 -
Network AGM 1994 -
Advocacy - A Code of Practice 1994 -
National Advocacy Network 1998 -
Royal College of Psychiatrists
Jackie Biggs born: See
August 1987 -
Edale Letter -
Premila Trivedi born. She has been a medical research
biochemist - a primary school teacher - a member of the group who developed
Mental Health National Service Framework, which she describes as
a "horrendous experience" - an interviewer on the
Testimonies Project (an inspirational
experience). She helped set up
SIMBA (Share in Maudsley Black Action) -
2016 Christmas Card -
About 1953 Mark Roberts born
Noele Arden told her fellow inmates in
"I'd write a book and let the outside world know what went on
behind those high walls and locked doors. Although I meant it, I hardly
thought I would ever get the opportunity to do so"
Child of a
Her book was published in 1977
1953 Mary Barnes a patient, for a year, in
St Bernard's Hospital. (p.52 following)
16.1.1953: Mary Nettle born in "a small village
nestling at the foot of Bredon Hill in the Vale of Evesham... I am very
lucky to have secure roots in such a lovely place. I was sent away to a
convent boarding school at the age of 10" See
SUN website -
1970s market research -
1977 a horrible Victorian
1987 Edale "I felt myself a survivor of life"
1992 Mental Health Task Force -
December 1992 Mental
Health User Consultant -
29.5.1993 DATA -
1994 Building on Experience -
1996 chair of
1997: Mental Health Act
February 2000 - INVOLVE 2003 -
Chair European network
2004 - Mary's story at
two decades of change 2006 -
Recovery In Sight Centre 2009 -
Health Rights 2011
Andrew Hughes born - see
North West Mind -
visited Oldham Schizophrenia Fellowship -
Oldham Mind -
memories of 1985
Rochdale Mind -
Distress Awareness Training Agency May 1988 -
Network 1999-2002 - worked on
On Our Own Terms in 2003 -
Thomas Ritchie went to Ireland. "I was taking the
needed a prescription, so early in the summer of 1955 he moved to
soon became a daily requirement and that is how regularly I took it until
the year 1960", when it was restricted. A conviction for forging
prescriptions led to his confinement in 1963, when he learnt about using
Benzedrex inhalers, which he was still using in the mid 1970s.
In a 22.8.1971 paper he refers to all of these as "Speed" (deleted)
"Amphetamine". He says he is addicted and that it is of equal
air and food to his life. "Much more than half my waking hours" in hospital
"and more than 80%" of his money were consumed in acquiring it.
Liz Sayce born.
1990 - 2000 -
28.2.1954 Winston Basil George Rose born in Jamaica.
He married Thora H. Paul in St Pancras, London in September 1976. In 1979
he was an electrician living in Leytonstone when he was admitted to
Claybury hospital for a short period. In May 1981 he became redundant and
depressed and in
July 1981 he died being taken to Claybury by the police. -
13.3.1954 Valerie Ann Amos born British Guiana (now Guyana) in
South America. She was involved in the
Black Health Foundation
(Afiya Trust) at the time that she became a member of the
United Kingddom House of Lords in August 1997
Spring 1954 Fabian Tompsett born? Brentwood School about 1964 to
1970. From 1984 to 1994 he worked at
Union Place Community Resource Centre, a radical print shop
started in 1974 in
Vassall Road, Lambeth. "A co-operative serving the various communities of
Lambeth". It had offset litho (A3 and A4 and later A2), screen
printing and 35mm darkroom facilities. In 1985 he left th politcal
group Class War
22.8.1992 London Psychogeographical Association re-formed (a
development of the situationists who influenced the
May 1968 Paris events)
Centerprise (Box 15,
138 Kingsland High Street, London E8 2NS). Fabian was a very active member.
In May 2006 he is listed as an Advisory member of
University of East London 2010-2015, gaining first a BA in Social
Enterprise and then an MSc in ICT and Development. Since 2008 Fabian has
been involved in
Class War Games. See 2016
"Wikipedia" and his
Chris Barchard born. See
Eric Irwin, Radio Mechanic, arrived at Southampton, England,
from Sydney, Australia, aboard the ship Fairsea. He was travelling to 13
Sandhill Gardens, Neills Hill, Belfast.
2.9.1954? Celia Hughes born. See
October 1954 Be Morris born. See
Peter Whitehead, having escaped from
Farmfield and seeking
refuge with his uncle, was taken to the
National Council for Civil
Liberties offices in Westbourne Grove, Bayswater. Later the same
day he was
examined by a woman doctor who wrote "I cannot see how he can be deemed
certifiably defective" [See
about 1955 Carole (later) Murray born. She became a director of
Capital Project Trust on 1.3.2012 at 57 years of age.
April 1955 Roberta Mary Graley (later
Wetherell) born. "I have worked as
an advocate and helped to establish advocacy servoces in secure hospitals
(The Advocate October 2003 page 9)
1955 Rachel Perkins born
19.12.1955 Rick Hennelly born. See allies -
Survivors Speak Out
Survivors Speak Out
Edale 1987 -
Interview 11 (before
Peter Whitehead advised other patients to
The struggle inside
Peter Whitehead in solitary confinement at
"I decided I was being wrongfully shut away, because I knew I
wasn't mentally defective, and in spite of what had happened at
I was not violent. I knew that I must go on believing this, and go on
hoping that one day I would be set free. No matter how long I was
in Rampton, I was determined never to give up".
"Write letters. Get people outside interested in you. Tell them
you've been wrongly shut away. If you stay quiet, nobody will lift a finger
to help you, however long you stay here"
About twenty patients began writing letters and staff complained that
Peter's campaign meant they had to spend all their time reading (and
censoring) patients letters. Several time, Peter was warned:
"Carry on like this, and you're heading straight for
The struggle outside
"As soon as he received a written notification that his nephew had been
recaptured" Dennis Whitehead called on the National Council for Civil
Liberties, determined to get Peter released". He wrote to the Board of
Control and was told (3.2.1955) Peter's next review would fall on
25.12.1956. On 2.3.1955 The NCCL wrote to the Board about
independent medical report on Peter, but the Board expressed no interest.
Roxan describes these letters as the first two shots to be fired in what
was to prove a
protracted battle in which Dennis Whitehead would have to
sign more than a dozen letters of authority "so that the National Council
could wring one more piece of information from sources often most reluctant
to part with it" (Roxan 1958 p.227).
"In 1956, Eric
Irwin says he narrowly escaped a
leucotomy. At the time he was a
voluntary patient, and he claims a doctor told him "I wish you were
psychotic so I could do it". Irwin is convinced that under the "liberal"
1959 Act, he would have been put on a section and operated on"
Ben Watson born. See
Mad Pride 2000 -
June 2000 -
Asylum 2000 issue 2 -
1956 Lorraine Bell born. See allies -
Frank Bangay believes that Lorraine was at the Brighton Congress in July
1985, as was
David Hill, but not
Peter Campbell. She
may have secured funding for the meetings that established Survivors Speak
after the July 1985 World Congress, and before the November 1985
Mind Conference. See
MIND 1985 Seminar B4. In
2006 it was said of her that "In 1987 she published 'Survivors
speak out' as a chapter in Good Practices in Mental Health; from this, she
developed the national self-advocacy group for people with mental health
problems, adopting her chapter title as their organisational title." See
12.1.1956 Sixteen year old
Matthew Paschal O'Hara arrested on suspicion of killing his 26
year old brother Peter in Ballybough House, Fairview, Dublin. It was one of
only four violent deaths in Dublin in six years. (Dublin since 1922
(2016) by Tim Carey, page 168). Matthew was convicted by the Central
Criminal Court, Dublin on 19.4.1956.
December 1956 Peter Whitehead released from Rampton. "... after ten
years at Rampton, had to go to a Ministry of Labour Training Centre to
learn a practical trade following his release."
In 1957 he took part in a
NCCL "investigation into Rampton Hospital and insanity laws" with another
ex-patient, James Stanton. Picture shows
James Stanton and Peter Whitehead at the National Council for Civil
Liberties Conference. Copyright
Pathe News (not used).
"A crowded meeting
in the Conway Hall with some 400 People present, many of them parents of
Rampton patients; others ex-patients-two of them, embittered, on the
platform; both, though previously labelled 'feeble-minded; as able platform
contenders as I have seen at many an election meeting".
Donald Johnson MP
1957: United Kingdom
Consumers' Association (publisher of
"Which?") founded. In
expained why it was not possible to do consumer resarch in mental
hospitals. In 1971 the Consumers Association published
Treatment and Care in Mental Illness
Recovery groups, now known as
Grow began in Hurstville,
Sydney, Australia. Started by former mental patients who met through
Anonymous. Described now (2008) as a "community of persons
working towards mental health through mutual help and a 12 step program of
recovery. Small groups of people who have experienced depression, anxiety
or other mental or emotional distress, come together on a weekly basis to
help each other deal with the challenges of life. Some people come to GROW
while struggling with the loss of a job, a loved one or a relationship".
started in Ireland in 1969
Veronica Dewan born 1957 - See
Altaf Ramtoola born.
About 1957 Alan Leader born. See
Hackney WEA -
December 1980 -
Hackney Day Hospital Patients Committee -
Survivors Speak Out 1989 AGM -
January 1957 "Put Away", was the first programme of
The Hurt Mind, the first British television
series about mental illness. Much of it came from inside
Hospital, where the presenter,
Christopher Mayhew, spent a few
days "to get the feel of the place". No faces of patients were shown - Some
individuals were pictured from the neck down, a group of patients were
interviewed around a table without showing faces, one or more individuals
were interviewed back to camera.
Gerald describes how the war drove him to alcoholism
Sidney describes how he became "persecuted by a wizard and became
possessed by a familiar"
Mary, a teacher, tells of her "irrational fears" and how her parents
found it "difficult to understand"
Mary also speaks for Marcia, a silent young woman; Mary says that
Marcia "can't do anything without being told"
A woman explains that peculiar thoughts were put into her head by
someone other than herself, how she had hallucinations of red devils and
A young male patient speaks of his aversion to close proximity to other
people, inordinate concerns about cleanliness, and a phobia about dirt and
A female patient talks about how she suffered deep depression after
childbirth, her indecisiveness, her mistreatment of husband and child and
John Zammit -
About the Author
He was placed on earth in 1957,
on the 16th of August.
The town he was selected to breath in
was Bethnal Green, this place is a small
town, in a massive city called London, or
help me, I can't see the fucking sky!
Alison Faulkner born. See
Rogers and Faulkner 1987 -
Faulkner, A. and Field, V. 1993
user led research
February 1997 -
Strategies for Living -
2000 - September
16.11.2004 - 1.6.2009
1958 Mary O'Hagan born Winton, Southland, New Zealand. See
1991 World Federation
2001 Comissioner -
1958 Helen Smith born. See
July 1985 -
Minstead Lodge -
Collaboration for Change -
1958 Ron Coleman born - See
May 1994 -
Handsell Publishing -
Hearing Voices 1996 Conference -
1999: Recovery: an alien
2001-2002 Victim to Victor workshops -
29.5.2002 Bristol Hearing Voices
Network Self-Help group -
2006? Working to
Recovery Ltd -
Essex April 2008
1958 Clare Ockwell born. See Society
for the Advancement of Research into Anorexia -
Eating Disorders Association 1992 -
1958 Paul Ripley born. See
Having a Voice coordinator and then
Media Project worker -
Manchester Social Media Director ID : 912430416 in 2008.
28.1.1958 Joseph Lodrick Watts born. "My brother was Joseph Watts
and he died in Broadmoor, he was always told that he would never walk free
and that he would die in Broadmoor,and this is exactly what happened.
R.I.P. Joseph Watts" (Yvonne Fitzgerald 17.1.2013). In June 1989 "Following
the death of black Londoner Joseph Watts" on
"one of several groups which have been helping Mr Watt's parents to find
how he died".
July 1958 Colin Hambrook born. 16 in
Disability Arts Online. -
Mark Greenwood born. After completing a degree in history at Cambridge
University, he then (1982-
1985) trained as a psychiatric nurse at
North Manchester General
Hospital. Towards end of training, carried out oral history as
part of the
Getting To Know You project. Staffed on Springfield's long-stay
wards before being appointed as one of the first community support workers
Harpurhey Resettlement Team (1987 -1992).
"During his 5 years on the team he was also heavily involved in mental
politics, including visits to Trieste and other European centres of radical
psychiatry, involvement in
Asylum magazine and helping set up the
Network." See Asylum July
1989 - "I was involved in producing Asylum with
Paul Baker and
Nigel Rose between 1989 and 1994"
he moved back into Springfield Hospital as a senior nurse manager,
overseeing the closure
of the remaining long-stay wards.
Asylum Summer 1993 Defence of Italy (See
March 1993) -
He left Springfield in 1994 to become development
manager at Creative Support (Registered 18.1.1991 as Manchester Housing
Consortium. Name changed to Creative Support Ltd on 24.2.1994) Mark has has
been involved in the Kwan Wai (Mental Health) Team of Wai Yin Chinese Women
Society since its beginning
in 1999 and has worked at Wai Yin as Health and Social Care/Well being
manager since 2002. Interview
Robin Farquharson's Doctor of Philosophy thesis An approach
to a pure theory of voting procedure Nuffield College, Oxford
In the neurosis unit at
"Northtown" a psychiatrist tried to organise group therapy by
meetings which included "a patients' committee, and a patients' general
"The patients' committee was stopped because it apparently ran a great deal
too well. It developed a group entity of its own which became set in
opposition against the staff - as one doctor said, 'It was at us the whole
"The patients' general meeting collapsed because the doctors felt the
verbalisation level was too low for it to have any real value. A few
patients from the patients' committee dominated it. The rest could not take
any active part in it, and tended to sit passively."
One reason the psychiatrist thought the groups failed was "the lack of any
real delegation of responsibility - 'we just expected them to sit and
(Jones and Sidebotham 1962 p.76)
1959 Edward Peck born. See
Nottingham Summer 1985
Robin Farquharson wrote the chapter "South Africa 1958" in David
Butler's Elections Abroad (Macmillan; St. Martin's Press, 1959).
"received the distinguished label Schizophrenic.
My mistake was going to my doctors in search of an explanation of an
experience that produced a somewhat bold statement in writing: 'Fear is at
the root of all illness both Mental and Physical'."
February 1959 Adrienne Sinclair Chalmers born. See
Awareness (1989) and
29.7.1959 Royal Assent to the
Eric Irwin argued, from
his experienced of being a patient, that this Act removed patient's rights.
It follows that he had experience of English mental hospitals before, as
well as after, the Act.
Breakdown in the taboo of silence - people with conditions
usually regarded as taboo talking about their own experiences
"In 1960, [Eric Irwin
says a] psychiatrist told him he was a psychopath and that
psychopathy was inborn and incurable. 'I was shattered by that.
But when I came out I looked it up in every textbook I could find, and
found it meant so many different things that anyone could be
From 1960 to 1962, Shulamit [Shula] Ramon was a student at the School of
Social Work, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. See 1983 -
MIND 1985 B2 -
Interview 3 -
5.2.1960 David Roy Bennett was born in Jamaica. He came to England
in 1968 to join his family who were already living in
Peterborough. His father worked as an engineer
with the London Brick Company. David became known as Rocky Bennett. He died
discharged from Brixton Prison found his Brighton photography business had
been destroyed by a burglary. He returned t Lanark, Scotland to live with
his aunt. "I went to
Hartwoodhill Hospital as a voluntary patient", but discharged
himself within a month. Unable to find work in Lanark, he went to friends
in Coventry [*], but still could not find work. "My chronic depression
and I was admitted to Leigh House, an offshoot of the Central Hospital,
Warwick (again voluntarily)" for six weeks of treatment including ECT. On
discharge, he had three months work selling ice-cream, and when this
finished, with the winter, returned to his aunt in Lanark.
"to my best friend of all, Kate in Coventry, who maintained faith in me
through the bleakest of those bleak years" 
Someone had suggested to Moyna Peters' parents that psychiatric treatment
might help her keep a job.
19.6.1960 Orville Blackwood born Jamaica. Mother Clara [Buckley].
Orville moved to London "at an early age" and "in trouble with the police
at an early age". His psychiatric history began when he was 22. See
The picture shows Clara holding a framed photograph of Orville. It may be
from the Caribbean and African Times in December 1992.
October 1960 Carol (Susan) Jenkin born. Started
BUDDIES in 1994 -
A Director of The
UK Federation of Smaller Mental Health Agencies from
1.9.1998 to 7.4.2005. Correspondence address: 45 Wood Lane, Swain House,
Bradford, West Yorkshire, BD2 1JU. Occupation: Trainer and Voluntary Mental
Health Worker -
7.10.2000 an article about her life and Buddies -
UKAN Chair -
User Survey Steering Group 2003 -
On Our Own Terms Research Team -
"It is not possible to do
'consumer research' in mental hospitals, for
although patients often have very decided views, these are frequently
conditioned by their illness and their own subjective experiences.
Nevertheless, it is very important that the patients' own viewpoint should
not be lost among the welter of administrative and statistical
considerations, and we were fortunate in that a number of patients, meeting
us in the ward and in the corridors, took a considerable interest in the
project. They contributed observations and anecdotes from their own
experience, and these were carefully checked by reference to medical or
nursing staff, or to records. We are grateful to these patients - many of
whom are now back in their own homes, and living normal lives at the time
of writing - for a constant reminder of the human values which underlie
this or any other piece of research into mental illness." Kathleen Jones
and Roy Sidebotham. Dated 1961, referring to research between June 1958 and
(Jones and Sidebotham 1962, p.x)
Problems of the Ex-Prisoner. Report of the Pakenham/Thompson
Committee published London, 1961 by the National Council of Social
Service (Great Britain). 91 pages. Frank Pakenham Longford (1905-2001)
Peter Thompson (1933-2003).
January 1961 Michael Dummett and
Robin Farquharson "Stability in Voting"
Econometrica 29, pages 289-286.
Stability in Voting'. Pp. 33-43 in: Econometrica, Vol. 29, No. 1, January
Robin Farquharson's thesis
was awarded the
Monograph prize of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in the field
of the social sciences.
11.3.1961 Richard Campbell born to Paulette Campbell in Stockwell,
South London. As a young
man (19 when he died) "he was a popular guy in South London helping to run
the Mafia Sound System. He was a witty and good-natured youth - the reason
for his nickname 'Cartoon'". See
arrest and death
Inquest file -
13.3.1961 Colin Sylvester Roach born Stepney to Pamella C. V. Roach
(Ireland before their marriage in Poplar in December 1958) and James Martin
Roach (born 1.4.1928, died November 1997 in Tower Hamlets. In 1983, James
was described as "a 54 labourer from Exmouth House, Bow".
Christmas 1982 in Pentonville -
24.9.1961 Birth of Michael Dean Martin who died in Norfolk House,
Broadmoor, aged only 23, in July 1984.. "Consideration had been given to the
possibility of a planned transfer of him back to Bexley hospital".
Incentive contained an account by Bertram A.
Miller of the orgin (1960) of the Sheltered Workers Group. This was
rewritten for the
June 1963 edition. See
Irwin had returned to London.
1962/1963 Living in a Church Army hostel, Livingstone House, in
living in a Richmond Fellowship hostel in Islington. In
1965 also shown in
a communal house at 2 Wells Road, Bromley.
About 1962 Peter Bullimore born. See: 2003
- 19.10.2007 -
2010 - 2012 Pumpkin
About 1962 Simon Barnett born. See 2003
Mary Barnes visited her parents in South Africa, where they had
been for three years. (p.60) She returned to England after six months and
went to stay at the
convent in Wales.
Peter came to stay.
Dorothy was travelling to the Far East and Australia. "Soon
after this Peter wrote saying he was in a mental hospital". (p.62)
Anna Freud and
February 1962 Birth of Abena [Ade Dansu] Simba-Tola. See
September 1980 and
14.9.1962 Birth of Peter [Anthony] Shaughnessy [mother's maiden name
Bell] in Lambeth, London - His parents were "Irish working class" and
Peter's childhood ambition was to become a bus driver. Instead, he studied
drama at the Rose Bruford College in Sidcup from 1983 to 1986. His
child was born at about the time he left the college. He worked in a
children's home and as a carer for people with disabilities,
before becoming a bus driver in 1990 on route 36 from New
Cross to Queens Park. In
1992 he went on a silent hunger strike outside his bus garage in
the privatisation of the service. By the end of the year he was
hospitalised with "manic depression". On 2.10.1995, one of Peter's
sisters, Evelyn (born 2.1.1970) was killed by her "psychotic boyfriend",
who stabbed her fifteen times whilst her sister tried to save her. Peter
says "when Brixton police let me back in the flat, they let me find the
bloody duvet that she was attacked on". Peter punched a policeman and was
admitted to Robert Gillespie Ward, in
Guys Hospital. He joined
Southwark Mind in
1997, helping to consolidate it as a user group, and came
to prominence with the street drama of
in the autumn of 1997. From early 1998, Peter was groomed as
Mental Health Media's lead performer: See
told his own story in the
Mad Pride book. He
married married Penny L. Mount, Worthing, Sussex, December 2000 -
14.12.2002 (age 40).
Death registered Wandsworth - Inquest 10.4.2003 -
Asylum tribute issue -
Mental Magazine records.
Frank Bangay recorded (Survivors History Group Meeting 30.9.2015) that
Peter's death took a lot out of the momentum of Mad Pride. Peter, he said,
was "a one-off who turned campaign into theatre". He "moved mental health
Valerie Argent confined in
Essex Hall. She was later moved to
Ingrebourne Centre (a therapeutic community). Her Ingrebourne
medical notes say:
"She has been an in-patient of the Royal Eastern Counties
Hospital, Essex Hall, Colchester, which is a hospital for mental
defectives. She was sent there as other suitable accommodation was not
available, following an attempt at suicide by holding her head in a basin
of water. She is an intelligent girl with an IQ of 120 and has been
attending Hornchurch Grammar School" - "We really took her because it
seemed so terrible to leave her in this environment"
Graham was active in
Awareness a collective advocacy group in
Edinburgh and then worked in Lothian with
CAPS where he helped establish the
Lothian Users Forum and a
network of other advocacy groups. He moved to the Highlands in 1997.
2004 when he had had "over 20 years
experience in the field of mental health".
About 1963 Graham Morgan born -
He became a mental health activist in the 1980s in Sheffield after
witnessing the harsh and often undignified treatment of
people with a mental illness. He initially became a volunteer with an
organization helping young
people live in the community. After this he helped set up a a user run drop
in centre (McMurphys) for young people in Sheffield. He was a Director of
McMurphys. Moved to Edinburgh about 1988 where he quickly became involved
in a campaigning
February 1963 In about 20 minutes,
Bill Warwick was
"instrumental" in writing This Mad World, a six page spiritualist
cosmology that included "look to the mental hospitals to see the havoc some
are creating to what could be some good and desirable instruments to us"
[spirits] "if they but know how to help themselves and us ... Some of you
already know from experience that the treatment meted out to those
unfortunates only frightens the life out of them and is completely
unnecessary. Raise you voices. Ask for permission to cooperate with the
mental authorities to rescue those poor souls from the ignorance of
Monday 11.2.1963: Suicide of Sylvia Plath. 6am. Yeats' House. Freda
Hughes, daughter of Sylvia and Ted, was two years old. She grew up in
April 1963 Lanark Court sent
Thomas Ritchie to
Crichton Royal Hospital
at Dumfries "on a year's probation". He was there for five
months. "... it was discovererd that I was again taking drugs (brought by a
friend from Dublin)". "I quite enjoyed my stay there, being able to get
some drugs most of the time". This was seen as "a breach of probation, for
which offence I did 30 days in Barlinnie Prison, Glasgow" On release,
almost directly to Hartwood.
18.5.1963 Edward Christopher Clunis [known as Christopher Clunis,
who sometimes called himself Allajah] born Muswell Hill, London, N10. His
father, Lester Oswald Clunis (born Jamaica 20.4.1924 /39 years old) and
mother, Daisey M. McClarey (also born Jamaica. Died Jamaica 1985), lived
with several other people at 54 Rathcoole Gardens, Hornsey N8 in 1964.
Christopher was their only child, but had 4 half brothers and sisters on
his father's side and a half brother on his mother's side. "He came from a
supportive and loving family". Lester and Daisey were "able to marry" in
the spring of 1968, just before they moved to Luton, where his father
worked at the Vauxhall car plant. He went to school in Luton. His ambition
was to be a jazz guitarist and he toured the Aqua Vita Showband. His
parents returned to Jamaica, where his
mother died in 1985. Christopher joined his father in Jamaica in 1986 and
was admitted to Bellevue Hospital, Kingston, Jamaica, with a diagnosis of
paranoid schizophrenia. Returning to England, he stayed with (half) sisters
in Birmingham and then north London.
During 1987, Christopher had several admissions to Chase Farm
Hospital in Enfied. This was close to his family, but in 1988 he was
admitted to Dulwich North Hospital (South London). In 1989 St Charles'
Hospital, Kensington and Chelsea. He then lived largely in hostels.
Guys. Murdered Jonathan Zito
28.5.1963 4pm: Inauguration Committee of
The Ingrebourne Society by patients of the
Centre. Its first aim was to "help maintain contact after
discharge, and to allow useful relationships to continue". A future aim was
to "organise and run a Hostel for the rehabilitation of persons after
Incentive edited by Jenny - Rosemary Glendenning
having left for the
Richmond Fellowship - [Described as "the Centre's
magazine". The centre was
Ingrebourne. The two copies owned by Andrew Roberts (June 1963
and November 1963) were produced entirely by patients, with very
occasional, and minor, written contributions from two of the doctors]
Andrew Roberts admitted to the
Ingrebourne Centre following
a suicide attempt. He had (foolishly) taken an overdose in the catchment
Warley Hospital. Fortunately, the ambulance took him to
"I had three books that I was using to try to understand what
Thomas Szasz, 1961 The Myth of Mental Illness (A
library book) -
James Drever, 1952 (Revised edition 1964) A Penguin
Dictionary of Psychology and
David Stafford-Clark, 1952 (second edition 1963) Psychiatry
(Both bought in a Brentwood bookshop). Ingrebourne staff discouraged an
academic approach. My habit of carrying the book I was reading around with
me, and putting it by my chair in group, drew unfavourable attention -
especially to Szasz."
28.7.1963 Start of a camping holiday in France that had been planned
in the Ingrebourne Centre by patients. In the event, three
patients/expatients went. At one time it was thought half the centre's
patients would go.
Thomas Ritchie detained in
Hartwood Hospital, Shotts Lanarkshire under Part 5 of the
Mental Health (Scotland)
Act, "with a restriction on my discharge which could only be
lifted by the Secretary of State for Scotland". "On the very night of my
release from Barlinnie I was arrested and charged with Breach of
the Peace, once again at Lanark Court. The Sheriff sent me to this
hospital, Hartwood, nearly three years ago, and here I still am. Ward 22,
Hartwoodhill Hospital. Summer 1966"
Incentive edited by Jenny
17.11.1963 Katherine Sirockin (Kathy Sirockin) born Edmonton,
She died in August 1991:
Kathy taught us to hear with our eyes.
The Beatles live on the Morecombe and Wise
show. It meant a lot to Valerie. Nothing to me.
began work at the
Psychiatric Hospital of the
University of Heidelberg.
1964 GIHP: Groupement pour l'Insertion des personnes
Handicapées Physiques (Group for Integration of Physically
Handicapped persons) established by Gerard Crombez a quadriplegic student
at the University of Sciences in Nancy. (See
Robin Farquharson's Research Fellowship at Churchill College,
Cambridge. "the wrench I felt resigning my Churchill College fellowship
after one year and three nervous breakdowns. Marvellous folk, they gave me
£3,000 journey money... under the control of two trustees... [who]
let me take it out of the trust account to present to the Home Office, a
little disturbed already by my two certification orders, with proof of my
means". (Drop Out pages 10-11) [Robin had his South African passport
withdrawn in 1965 and became a British Citizen in 1968]
In 1964 (and 1965)
was registered as living at [St George's House] 263 Camden Road, Islington
Richmond Fellowship residence. But in
1965 he is also registered as living in Bromley.
31.1.1964 Sarah Wheeler born, Leicester. Declared a girl by
the doctor. However "until the age of five, Sarah Wheeler identified fully
and unquestioningly with the role of being a boy. She liked cap guns,
cowboy hats, bows and arrows, bicycles, climbing trees, wearing shorts, all
that kind of thing. She was happy. Between the age of five and fifteen,
environmental pressures being what they are Sarah Wheeler gradually morphed
into the feminine identity... she became during this time strangely
unhappy, with the first depersonalised symptoms emerging in her mind,
inexplicably, when she was about ten. During her childhood, Sarah Wheeler
always knew that if she had been born a boy she would have been called
Thomas Tobias. Sarah was admitted to
Hospital in 1990. Late on Christmas Day in 2002 she was released
from the six month grip of psychotic depression. To calm and focus her mind
she read a poem called Mental Fight by Ben Okri. She started the
Mental Fight Club in Southwark on 1.2.2003 and this led
to starting the
Dragon Cafe on 21.3.2011 in the Crypt of St George the
Martyr Church, Borough Hill.
Tuesday 31.3.1964 to Wednesday 27.5.1964
Valerie Argent (aged 15/16) was a patient in
Belmont Hospital. "... she was treated with Electro Convulsive
Therapy and drugs, and it was suggested to her that the only way she would
escape from her depressions would be a brain operation
was very tempted to accept this suggestion, but eventually decided to
escape from the hospital instead"
(source). Valerie's medical records show that Valerie was sent
to Belmont to separate her and
Summer 1964 Harry Cumberbatch arrived at Bow Bus Garage from
to start work as a conductor, later driver. Through the Territorial Army he
made contacts that "helped in getting my next job as a chauffeur for the
Director of the Royal Mint". He qualified as a mechanical engineer, but in
the 1970s became a Newham Youth Worker. In 1994 he began retraining
in person-centred therapy and began work as a counsellor with
Tower Hamlets. See THACMHO
Jasna Russo born.
12.7.1964 Esther Leslie born -
Archives of her CV -
Archives of the whole militantesthetix
Mad Pride on militantesthetix -
Current University web page
end November 1964
Norman was admitted to Clyde Ward, St Bernards, Southall. "Very
good treatment and nursing. Discharged after 13 weeks". The next November
he went in for four and a half weeks and then, after a week, was readmitted
for thirteen weeks. He was readmitted after four weeks and discharged after
six weeks. He was admitted to another hospital in 1971:
"My only complaint about hospitals is that some stroppy night
nurses bully one back to bed when one cannot sleep. Instead they should be
allowed to brew up and sit in the day room. I believe females get a rougher
deal in this and many other respects than males... I have had some hairy
episodes, but find the system works."
Robert Dellar born Watford. -
1987 onwards working for local Mind
1983: City and Hackney Mind
Advocacy Service -
Hackney Patients Council -
April 1996: Spare Change
Books and An Anthology of Punk -
worker for Southwark Mind -
June 1998: Seaton
June 2000: Mad
Pride (the book) -
exhausted - 2014
Splitting in Two: Mad Pride and
Punk Rock Oblivion - died
1965 Disablement Income Group (DIG) formed
Following a knife attack on three au pair girls,
Peter Thompson was sent to Broadmoor under Section 60 of the
1959 Health Act. He was released by a Mental Health Review Tribunal in
1965 Patricia Chambers born. See
Odessa Chambers -
Patricia entered the mental health system in
1996 Patricia conducted her own research into "different ways,
or reasons that young black men were coming into the mental health system".
Bugs and 2007]
Through her local user group, she took part in "a study of the current
provision for housing for mental health patients in the borough". -
Patricia reported from a group of black
mental health service users in London on the importance of Service User
2009 seminars -
Patricia was appointed the
Catch-a-Fiya Manager in 2009. Patricia led work on the
To Our Own Tunes recommendations to develop the TOOTS charter -
- Friends and colleagues gathered at the Rose Pub in Vauxhall on
25.2.2017 to remember and celebrate her life. "For some of us,
the endless discussions and strategizing we've had with each other and
with other friends around the dining table at the
transformative. But the Afiya Trust, too, has passed away, and so has
(Jayasree Kalathil) - legacy
15.3.1965 Letter about Eric
Irwin's French translation to
38 Masons Hill. 38 Masons Hill was the address of Stepping
Stones House, a Psychiatric Day Hospital in the same area (Bromley) as
Cane Hill. In 1965, Eric Irwin is shown in
a communal house at 2 Wells Road, Bromley, after being in a
Richmond Fellowship House in Islington - .
Allfree seventeen. "There has been a lot written about ...
institutions for the so-called subnormal. But little has been written about
the reasons why people end up in these places. I want to tell you what
happened to me when I was 16 years old. It all began in the year 1965"
(Cherry explains why she wants
her story published) - After 1975: "I am one of the homeless
Welby Squat. I Demand Rehousing. I have been shoved around in
different homes and hostels since I was 16.. I had
a heart operation a year or more ago.." (Published Peace
News. Date not known)
"9 p.m. on a Friday night was definitely the wrong time to be admitted".
Mary Barnes first saw
early summer 1965
"Unfortunately, the doctor decided to send me to Horton Hospital for a
rest" - August 1965
"the doctor... informed me that he had already called an ambulance to take
me to Rubery Hill Hospital". (Joan Martin - See also winter 1967)
1.1.1965 All Saints Day. "In the Games Room it suddenly piereced
through me about the convent" Mary Barnes p.164
Toward the end of November 1965 "one Saturday.. Joe gave me a round
toffee tin of grease crayons whih he had found in the house"
(Mary Barnes p.142)
"I took to my bed for four months until Joe (Dr Berke) got me out. He would
sit me in a chair and I would stay there for hours until he moved me again.
One day Joe gave me a set of 'grease crayons and told me to scribble
something. I did, on and on. Suddenly a picture emerged, a woman kneeling
with a baby at her breast. I found some tins of paint, left over from
decorating, and I painted picture stories about mermaids, tramps and
children on the back of
"this time over Christmas '65 through the spring of '66 was a
time of being up and out, of doing, of exploding, of running and screaming.
The house was a minefield..." (p.224)
1965 The Sir John Cass School of Art, formed through a
merger, moved into newly built premises at Central House, opposite the
Whitechapel Art Gallery. Mary Barnes started classes in January 1966.
1966 Paul Hunt's book Stigma; The Experience of Disability is
published. See UPIAS
1966 Fortnightly International Times (IT), alternative
"I begged my GP to get me into hospital so as I could get some care and
help" Daniel Morgan
spring of '66 saw Mary enter a 'down' from which she did
not emerge for almost a year... her 'down' began in February,
in March, held steady in April, and plunged forward in May. By june she had
taken to her bed and was refusing to eat. Her body had begun to look like a
bunch of bones loosely covered with skin" (Joseph Berke, p.274)
March 1966 Mary Barnes encouraged by Felix Topolski. The works he
saw were oils on wallpaper backing paper. He showed her hardboard he was
Feeding the five thousand (1966) by
Mary Barnes is the earliest in the
Glasgow collection of her
"The Feeding the Five Thousand was the first one I did on canvas.
Stretched on the wall above my bed, a mattress on the floor, it was about
seven feet across and six feet high" (Mary Barnes, p.152)
Allfree eighteen. About 1966 that
Cherry was admitted to
Kingsmead in Colchester.
Sunday 10.4.1966 Easter Sunday
"On Easter Monday, in the dining-room, I painted a big canvas
of the Mother of God. Her breasts were revealed, the succour of
men... My paintings had emerged from black lines and breasts on the walls
and paintings in shit, to moving figures and scribble on paper: from
undercoat paint and wall brushes, to pencils, crayons, charcoal, poster
paint, water colour, and oils." (Mary Barnes, pp 157-158)
Thursday 21.4.1966 Andrew and Valerie Roberts (and daughter) and
another Ingrebourne patient (Valentine) moved to Swanage in Dorset
Frank Bangay left school, aged 15.
"June '66 down, in bed, going inside myself..." (p.224)
In Cork, Ireland, Tessa Redmond started "Friends Anonymous", a self-help
in September 1966. It was run on the
Alcoholics Anonymous - whose open
meetings Tessa attended, "to give me the right ideas". The group was the
first of its kind in Cork. At least one doctor and a dentist used to send
their nervous patients to the group.
mentioned it when I appeared on a television program
about 'phobias'. Sadly, it was an entertainment program, and not at
all respectful towards us. Participants were asked about their specific
phobias, and then unexpectedly presented with the object of their fear,
which of course terrified them - I found this disgraceful" (Tessa Redmond)
(now Grow) in Ireland started in 1969.
Chapter 12: "Autumn 1966 - coming insight - how I used my
paintings to seduce people - bonfire night" (p.194) - "Up a bit as if to
breathe. Writing and pastelling in the autumn of '66' Then down again, the
third time, less body now, more mind, understanding coming. Moving away out
the web, getting separate. (p.224)
"I feel it's just possible, so great was my state of self-
deception, so clever was I at deceiving others, that if God had not resuced
me through mental breakdown I might have worn a habit, been a 'nun'
outwardly, without ever really encountering all my anger, jealousy, sexual
feelings and guilt."
(Barnes and Berke
Ronald Laing's 49th birthday. Mary Barnes wrote her story
The Hollow Tree as her birthday present.
October 1966 Trace Methods for Sulphate and Nitrate by
J.M. Martin, Graduate of the Royal Institute of Chemistry, a
candidate for the degree of Master of Science. University of Birmingham.
Joan's autobiography describes how her degree was preceded by a period in a
November 1966 Mary Barnes'
Chapter 13: "Christmas 1966 - Further experiences with Noel and
Birth in Poplar of
Sarah Jane Yiannoullou
who became manager of the
National Survivor User Network (NSUN) in March 2009. See
Allfree nineteen. After her nineteenth and before her twentieth
Cherry was admitted to
Lexden House in Colchester.
"This last, fourth time of going down was in the spring of '67. It was
short and drastic, six days without food and water" (p.226)
"since the spring of '67, I have grown up" (p.227)
"May 1967 saw the start of my
finger painting with Peter before
Christ. Using more and more colour I raced on, through
the Red Sea with the Children of Israel, to the Nativity, the
Resurrection, the Ascension and across the dining room wall came
Christ Triumphant, done with my fingers as all my work since then."
Stephen Ticktin graduated B.A. Philosophy June 1967 -
M.A. Philosophy December 1969 - M.D. June 1973 (University of Toronto,
Canada). See May 1982 -
MIND 1985 -
Autumn 1987 -
Release national drug helpline established in London
"by Caroline Coon and Rufus Harris, who established it as a direct response
to the growing number of young people being arrested and/or imprisoned
under the Dangerous Drugs Act 1965".
The ideas about mental distress and its relief that were expressed in
COPE were often related to the images of drug
experiences. People "freaked out" and needed a "crisis centre" to come
through their experience in the friendly company of people who knew what
was happening to them. Release groups also formed in Germany and the
Netherlands where they have been credited with playing a part in the mental
patients' movement and/or the anti-psychiatry movement.
15.7.1967 to 30.7.1967
Roundhouse Congress on the Dialectics
of Liberation. Some of
Mary Barnes' paintings were exhibited at this. In the spring of
1968, Mary was given the old posters "to cover the floor and benches of the
Games Room so I could paint without spoiling the room, which had then been
newly decorated" (p.297)
September 1967 In "The Sick Room, Ward Seven" of
Thomas Ritchie wrote
an account of his life in Hartwood, concluding with his
"grievances for redress". His case for a union (later) included
that such individual grievances got him nowhere, but the collective
complaints of patients were attended to.
Mary Barnes took Joseph Berke to visit
Peter Barnes in
Robin Farquharson dismissed from his job in
computer programming for "taking liberties" - decision to "drop out"
(leaving his money in the bank and his furniture with friends). The first
entry in his book about this is Monday 20.11.1967 - Which may have been the
day he walked into Anthony Blond's office and secured a £2 a week
a book about his experiences.
"I spent the winter of 1967 at Rubery Hill Hospital but did not get on
too badly, because during this period I was not given heavy
tranquillisers" - See
We Shall Overcome
the freedom song. In
1965/1966 a group of mental patients living in Abbs Cross Lane, Hornchurch,
regarded this as their "national anthem".
"We Shall Overcome" started in Norway by mental patients and ex- patients
in 1968 continues to represent users and survivors of psychiatry in the
21st century. website -
facebook ["Landsforeningen We Shall Overcome
(WSO) - Bruker- og interesseorganisasjon for menneskerettigheter,
selvbestemmelse og verdighet innen psykisk hels" means in English "The
National Association We Shall Overcome (WSO)-user and interest group for
human rights, self-determination and dignity within mental health"]
The first edition of Drop Out by
Robin Farquharson was published in
1968. Its cover had this cartoon of Robin. In the preface (dated
30.1.1968), he wrote
"I am a
manic-depressive. When I'm up, I have no judgement, but fantastic drive;
when I'm down, I have judgement, but no drive at all. In between I pass for
normal well enough." (See
Patientenkollektivs (Patient Collective) in 1968. Later
Sozialistisches Patientenkollektiv (Socialist Patient
Collective). This published
SPK - Aus der Kranheit eine Waffe Machen [Make Your
Weapon] in April 1972.
January 1968 Meeting of
Mary Barnes with her parents (chapter 19). After this meeting,
Mary "discovered her hands" and began to use hands and fingers instead of
brushes and palette knife. (Joe Berke, p.368). Mary says her
finger painting began in May
February 1968: Start of the democratic "anti-university". The mental
health meetings, in which
R.D. Laing and David Cooper were active, were
called "anti-psychiatry". After the collapse of the anti-university (by
1969) the anti-psychiatry group continued to meet in a flat in Belsize
The term anti-psychiatry has also been used generally for the
movement critical of the orthodox psychiatry of the 1960"s.
(See Mental Health and Civil Liberties Article)
In this very lose sense,
COPE and even the
Mental Patients Union have been described as part of the anti-
psychiatry movement. However, some MPU members would warmly reject the
title on the grounds that MPU groups were open to all patients and ex-
patients, irrespective of their views on psychiatry and psychiatric
treatment. The use of the term in the sense of holding society and
responsible for what is called mental illness was developed by
PROMPT - which was not, initially, a patients' organisation.
Allfree twenty. Before her twentieth birthday,
Cherry was admitted to
Lexden House in Colchester.
Spring 1968 Mary
Christ Triumphant, depicting three stages of sacrifice,
on the dining room wall at
Paris student rising
16.5.1968 Article by Richard Boston in
New Society about the
June 1968 BIT 24-Hour Free Information and Help Service (London)
started. Its name indicated that it evolved out of
International Times (IT) and also related to BIT=Binary
Information Transfer 'the
smallest unit of information that can be processed by a computer'.
COPE evolved out of BIT. They
had similar styles of publication, with similar names
for their magazines) and, at times, shared offices.
Summer 1968 Grace Conner's friendship with
Mary Barnes. They went to
the cinema and to the Matisse exhibition [Hayward Gallery to 8.9.1968]. "I
painted He Shall Come as the Sun and a huge sun on hardboard for the
Hampstead Open Air exhibition" (p.297). August 1968
Hampstead Open Air Exhibition was amongst the listings
in the first edition of
9.8.1968 to 1.9.1968
"Art and Mental Health"
at the Commonwealth Institute.
The squatting movement began to develop in London from 1968.
was housing families. Eventually, a diversity of people and groups were
living in squats or short life properties "licensed" from councils. The
Robin Farquharson, which overshadowed the start of the Mental
Patients Union, was against the background of squatting. The first
headquarters of the MPU at
Prince of Wales Road, Camden, was in a squat.
Robin Farquharson House was on a short life licence
Robin Farquharson in full cry was able to wreck havoc in a
freaks as well as in a straight organisation and when this happened to us
and we could not get through to him or calm him down we also ended calling
for men in white coats. It must have been a terrible blow for Robin to be
rejected by his own tribe and although he did not bear a permanent grudge,
I understand now he would rather anything than fall into the hands of the
men in white coats. I heard he put up a good fight when they cornered him
and about ten men were needed to subdue him on this occasion, tho' on the
grapevine the story may have growed a bit I dunnow. Three years later in
1971 Robin came to Bath..."
Bitman 8, September 1973
Nick Crossley born. BA and PhD in Sociology, University of
Sheffield. Lecturer in the sociology and philosophy of psychiatry, in the
Centre for Psychotherapeutic Studies (part of the Deptartment of
Sheffield from 1993 to 1998.
Helen Spandler his student from
Autumn 1992. Had begun
research into mental health movements by
Joined Manchester Sociology in September 1998.
Professor 2005. Head of sociology summer 2007 to summer 2010. Co-founded
Mitchell Centre for Social Network Analysis. Also involved with Social
Movements Research Group. Involved in a project on
complexity theory with
colleagues in the Institute for Social Change, and on the advisory board of
the Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research. (2010)
January 1998 -
- 1999 -
Contesting Psychiatry (2005) -
1968 Clare Allan born. See
Lost decade -
East Anglia -
Poppy Shakespeare -
Guardian column -
1969 to 1972 -
Peter Barham interviews and group discussions with patients
diagnosed as schizophrenic in
Winterton Hospital, Sedgefield, County Durham.
Peter was researching
1969 Jacobus Gerrit (Koos) Postema (born Rotterdam, 17.8.1932)
made Dutch television programsfrom 1969: "A small hours You" and "You A
large hour" in which taboo-breaking issues were discussed such as abortion,
sexuality pedophila, assisted suicide and transsexuality. (See
"I studied at
Buddo secondary school and in my final year in
1989, I had my
of mental illness".
A founder of
in Britain -
1969 Birth of Joseph Atukunda, whose father,
Mzee James Kahigiriza, was the last prime minister of
January 1969 The first "claimants union" met in Birmingham. This
rapidly developed a participatory democracy style of organisation. A
National Federation of Claimants Unions was formed in March 1970 by
Birmingham, Brighton, East London, North London, West London and North
Staffordshire claimants unions. Some members of the
Mental Patients Union (1973) had experience in claimants unions.
By 1969, the
Anti-University had collapsed - the "Anti-Psychiatry" group was
meeting at Ken Smith's flat in Belsize Park, and
David Cooper rarely came,
because he found members wanted therapy, not political action.
Andrew Roberts went once.
end of February 1969
Mary Barnes returned from a trip to Paris and
began to prepare for
her exhibition at the Camden Arts Centre.
February 1969 Tower Hamlets Art Group, Members Exhibition, included
some work by
Allfree twenty-one. After a year in
Cherry was admitted to
Essex Hall in Colchester. "Why were you at Essex Hall? I ran
away from Lexden House" (more than once) "Because I didn't like it there" I
asked about going somewhere different, and they said there wasn't anywhere
else at the moment". "Speaking up for our rights" was "playing up". I used
to insist that I was quite capable of going out by myself; so I used to go
out by myself without their permission". Cherry was in Essex Hall for three
moving back to Lexden House for two years and then to Kingsmead for two
11.4.1969 to 25.4.1969. Exhibition of the work of
Mary Barnes at Camden Arts Centre, London.
The works on display
(listed in the catalogue) were
1. Birth - 2. Back of the Cross -
Disintegration *. 4. Angel on the Verge of Hell. 5. Crucifixion. 6. Moon.
Moon Surface. 8. Sun. 9. Wheat. 10.
Spring. The Resurrection. 11. The Vine.
12. Fatima 1917. 13. Fire. 14. Gathering Manna. 15. Resurrection *. 16.
Mountains and Clouds. 17 He shall come as the Sun [With Healing in his
Time of the Tomb *. 19. Our Lady of Africa *. 20 Break Through
*. 21. Triptych.
13.4.1969 The Sunday Times
"Making the Break" review of the Mary Barnes exhibition by
end of June 1969
Peter Barnes moved into
July 1969 People Not
Psychiatry - See
Michael Barnett from a mental hospital in Pretoria, South
Africa, where he had read Michael's article in the International Times. In
his letter he spoke of the Situationist Housing Association which he had
set up in the hope of providing a "house like
Kingsley Hall", but with support, which would be a "sanctuary"
for him. Eventually (in London), Rhaune Laslett found a "small mews house"
for him (18
Russell Gardens Mews), apparently a short life tenancy for about
three years. This was the "PNP House". The first tenants were
Jenny James and
Becky (about nine years old?),
Robin Farquharson, Chris Cade and Graham Spowatt. Robin's tenancy seems to
have lasted no more than a few weeks before he was admitted to an Epsom
Hospital and the other tenants moved someone else in.
Helen Spandler born. See
July 1990 analysis of
anti-psychiatry and mental patients movements -
BA (East London) by Independent Study 1992 -
1992 (Socialist Patient Collective) -
Sheffield University from
1992 - Helen became involved with Asylum and has remained
so since - - MA (Sheffield) Psychiatry, Philosophy and
Society (1994) -
42nd Street 1994-1996
(based there as a research worker from August 1994 to August 1995) - worked
Having a Voice
from 1995-1998 -
July 1995 -
Manchester Course in Group Psychotherapy (Institute of Group Analysis) 1997
PhD Manchester Metropolitan University Discourse Unit, Department of
Psychology and Speech Pathology 2002 -
Asylum to Action - Spring
Post Graduate Certificate (UCLAN) Research Student Supervision 2007 -
Literature Review Notes
Helen Spandler Literature
Late 1969 "My second admission,
nearly five years later, was a quite different and
much more positive experience." Judith Watson
"Nothing that has happened to me since has ever been as bad as those two
years between November 1969, and November 29th 1971."
In the United Kingdom, the 1970s saw the birth of several independent
democratic organisations of mental patients, organised locally, but
attempting to link together. These unions formed inside and outside of
mental hospitals. There were similar developments in several other
countries, including Camada and the United States. In European countries
other than Scotland and England, the
patients movement appears to have been generated by psychiatrists
called anti-psychiatrists). In
Scotland it was started by patients. In England,
some professionals (not psychiatrists) were involved in a pilot group. But
much research is needed in all countries because the names of psychiatrists
and anti-psychiatrists often attract an attention that those of patients do
Anne Plumb moved to Rochdale in 1970, following eighteen
months of emotional and mental crisis while at university that placed her
in hospital on several occasions.
About 1970 Lesley Mitchell (later Lougher) qualified as an
Occupational Therapist. See
in 1985, traced Dutch organisation back to 1970. A web history
says that in 1970 "the first official
patiëntenraad" (patient council) was formed in the (large)
Coudewater (western Netherlands) and says that "creating
opportunities to participate in the psychiatric hospitals is a first
important step towards recognition of the empowerment of patients".
include the Clientenbond - "de Cliëntenbond in de geestelijke
gezondheidszorg" (Customer/client association/union in the mental health
care system), formed 11.1.1971
De Gekkenkrant -
[See external link to history:
Geschiedenis van de Cliëntenbond
- an archive -
Recovery began to
change to GROW about 1970 when the name G.R.O.W. (Group Recovery
Organisations of the World) was adopted by an international federation of
Recovery groups which included Australia, New Zealand and Ireland.
1970 Anthony Kendell and Glen Thompson founded Centerprise.
Glen was working for the Hoxton Cafe Youth Project. The project was an ILEA
one for "detached youth", that is young people who did not join orthodox
clubs and classes. Glen and Anthony founded Centerprise as a project where
one had to walk through a bookshop to get to the cafe. This was the plan of
the building in Dalston Lane, where I first knew it in 1973. One of the
functions of grassroots community centres like this was to make community
publishing possible. Groups and individuals could use the centre's
duplicator and more advanced facilities, like the Silk Screen
Workshop (in Dalston) were linked to the project. Mental Patients Union
publications from early in 1974 tended to use Centerprise.
February 1970 At
Heidelberg, patients held several "assemblies",
some with the press present. This may have been the origin of the
Sozialistisches Patientenkollektiv (Socialist Patient
April 1970 (France) First issue of
Cahiers pour la Folie,
decribed by Jacques Lagrange as "a journal of the extreme left... which
sought to struggle against 'class psychiatry'".
(Foucault 1973/1974c p.365) Notebooks anti-psychiatriques and
Marxist. 15 numbers from 1970 to 1974. No. 5 was April-May 1971. Editor
Jean Claude Polack psychiatrist [Sometimes given as Jean-Yves
Pouilloux]. Each number 12 or 14 pages illustrated. See
Fresnes Conference June 1973
Bit Information Service (London) published Bitman. numbers 1 to
6 from May
1970 to May 1973.
COPAC lists in British Library. No 6 (May 1973) was the "special
Robin issue) following the death of
Robin Farquharson. The British Library does not have numbers 7
and 8 (Late September 1973) -
AandV Archive includes some extracts
May 1970 The
Phobics Society established
September 1970 to November 1970
a patient in
Murray Royal Hospital, Perth, Scotland
October 1970 The Gay Liberation Front held its first meeting (At the
London School of Economics). Seventeen people attended.
archive) - See
18.10.1970 Alastair Kemp born. See
Asylum Summer 2012 -
Janet Cresswell appeared before Hampstead Magistrates
charged with assault on Dr Henry Stoll (1913-2006), her G.P. She had hit
him over the head with a milk bottle, causing lacerations to his scalp.
Janet was committed to
under section 60 (1) of the 1959 Mental Health Act. [Date from 1976 Court
transcript, but Janet dates 1972]. She was released in May 1971 (Bill
Warwick 16.6.1981, Janet did not question the 1970/1971 dates on her
Campaign for the Mentally Handicapped started in 1971.
changed in turn to Campaign for Mentally Handicapped People, CMH) -
CMH (Campaigning for Valued Futures with People who have Learning
Difficulties) - Values into Action (VIA) -
(External link to present website) - Almost
from the beginning, CMH ran small scale "participation events" for people
with a mental handicap.
Early 1971 GAP (Glasgow Advisory
People) information and advice shop started at 190 New City Road, Glasgow,
by Felicity Harris, a Glasgow graduate. (See
A legal clinic, Claimants Union, Black Box news agency, White Panther
group, Seed Centre and Drug Care unit, all found a base there. The base
collapsed under financial and other pressures in October 1971, reforming
briefly as "Forever People", after which groups that had been part of it
reformed as separate entities in different parts of Glasgow. [See
International Times, January 1972]. Paul
Ramsay and "all the young people of GAP" played an important role in the
formation of the
Scottish Union of Mental Patients.
Worked for the National Survivor User Network from July 2012. See
January 1971 Raza Griffiths of
born. BA English and German, University of London 1993. In the second year
of a post-graduate thesis he was forced to give up his studies by a "life
threatening breakdown" (See
survivors CV 7.6.2005). He has worked as a freelance
journalist since 1997.
Trent Radio sponsored him to study Investigative Journalism (MA
distinction) at Nottingham Trent University from 1998 to 1999. From January
2001 to October 2003 he worked for
Mental Health Media.
9.1.1971 In London, a very gay [meaning cheerful] contingent from
[meaning homosexual] Liberation Front joined a march against the Industrial
Relations Bill calling the slogan
"Poof to the Bill". This proud, self-confident, public appearance was one
of the inspirations for some MPU members who saw themselves as "coming out"
publicly as mental patients rather than hiding it.
8.2.1971 (France) Manifesto of the Le Groupe
les prisons (Groupe Information Prisons or GIP) (Group for information
on the prisons) signed by Jean-Marie Domenach,
Michel Foucault et Pierre Vidal-Naquet.
16.7.1971 Informationezentrum Rote
Volksuniversitat [Information Centre of the Red People's University] formed
in place of Sozialistisches
Undated: "Tabulated grievances and some suggested remedies - These are for
the attention of the Mental Welfare Commissioners" [inside "These list are
for presentation to the commissioners in Edinburgh who came to Hartwood to
redress the complaints of the petitioners of July, 1971.] See
Tuesday 27.9.1971 Politics of Psychology Conference. London
School of Economics
29.9.1971 Feast of St Michael the Archangel. Mary Barnes wrote
"The Miracle of Mary. A Baby Bear Story for Michael" for Michael
Dempsey who edited Mary Barnes: Two Accounts of a Journey Through
"Baby Bear, safely in her lair, was making pictures, with paint
and papers, wood and canvas.
Big Bear got them hung in
an exhibition, so she got recognition. - Michael from the land
of green bears, wondered what this rainbow was. He thought, maybe she can
paint in words. Big Bear told her, you can growl, you lick and sniff, and
paint with shit. You can put the world in words. - Big Bear was very
pleased, because without catching Baby Bear he had saved her from
extinction. She was so free, she danced with glee. - Together, they wrote
all about it. Michael, moving to another cave, took with him all that they
had made. There he cooked it to a book, and when all was set and served,
Baby Bear leapt with delight for the 'colour' was just right"
Monday 18.10.1971 The Times
"Going down to come
up again straight"
"Victoria Brittain reviews a new book on madness".
Two Accounts of a Journey Through Madness. Mary Barnes
and Joseph Berke. Mac Gibbon and Kee, £2.95,) - "Mary Barnes lives
alone in an attic in Hampstead painting with furious energy picture after
picture, often of Christ crucified or The Resurrection."
This is one of a series of pictures taken in Mary Barnes' flat in Hampstead
in connection, I think, with the
Sunday Times review.
November 1971 In discussion with Noam Chomsky, on Dutch television,
"I admit to not being able to define, nor for stronger reasons
to propose, an ideal social model for the functioning of our scientific
and technological society. On the other hand, one of the most urgent tasks,
before everything else, is that we are used to consider, at least in our
European society, that power is in the hands of the government and is
exerted by some particular institutions such as local government, the
police and the army, These institutions transmit the orders, apply them and
punish people who do not obey.
But I think that political power is also exerted by a few other
institutions which seem to have nothing in common with the political power,
which seem to be independent, but which actually are not. We all know that
universities and the whole education system that is supposed to distribute
knowledge, we know that university and the whole educational system
maintain the power of a certain social class and exclude the other social
class from this power. Psychiatry, for instance, is also apparently meant
to improve mankind, and the knowledge of the psychiatrists. Psychiatry is
also a way to implement a political power to a particular social group.
It seems to me that the real political task in a society such as ours is to
criticise the working of institutions, that appear to be both neutral and
independent. To criticise and attack them in such a manner that political
violence that has always exercised itself obscurely through them will be
unmasked, so one can fight against them. If we want right away to define
the profile and the formula of our future society, without criticising all
the forms of political power that are exerted in our society, there is a
risk that they reconstitute themselves, even though such an apparently
noble form as anarchist unionism."
(Transcribed from You Tube)
30.11.1971 "THREAT TO A COMMUNITY SERVICE" -
Statement by Pam Elliot-Lord - Jane Pimlott - Jill
Rynveld and Howard Taylor "Patients in the joint staff/patient protest
group - Paddington Clinic and Day Hospital"
"Staff and patients at the Paddington Clinic and Day Hospital have formed a
"Christmas Day in the Nuthouse" edition of Time Out -
Family Life opened 13.1.1972] End piece said that
500 people a month go to
BIT, and Street Aid because
they "feel themselves to be in kinds of mental trouble". An alternative to
the NHS was being sought with
"People not Psychiatry as the possible basis to the existing
out-patient system... housing associations like the Philadelphia
Association as alternative to the existing in-patient system."
In 2006 Gabrielle Cox (Gay Cox) had lived in Moss Side for 34 years.
Alistair and Gay (226 3258) were contacts for
PNP (People Need People - People Not Psychiatry) in Manchester
about 1971/1972. "PNP is a loose network of friends with a number of focal
points. The current focal points are the Basement of Gaddum House," [Closed
1973] "Queen Street (off Albert Square), Manchester, next door to the
Rising Sun, where we gather every Tuesday evening from 7.30 onwards; and a
number of homes of individual members where we gather as the spirit moves
and myself encountered the radical mental health group
People Not Psychiatry and we attended its weekly meetings between approx
. These offered support and debate to a wide range of mental
health users and activists.
was another influential member
and I still have some of his writings about PNP somewhere. (It was
written up from a
London perspective in 'People not Psychiatry' (Barnett, 1973)). I think
it did help to forge at that time some of Tony's later thinking about the
role of the user movement in both support and campaigning activities".
Alistair Cox met
Tony Riley while Tony
was living in a "(then called) Group Home for
people with mental health issues around 1971", run by a
small voluntary charity called Community Action Projects. Tony became
involved with Alistair in the organisation of its work. Community Actions
Projects expanded into
providing housing for homeless young people and Paul Baker, Alistair and
others wrote up its approach in a small book called
(1982). Tony met Mary in 1971.
24.11.1971 Incorporation of Community Action Projects Ltd as a
company limited by guarantee. Registered address
47 Upper Lloyd Street, Moss Side, Manchester, M14 4HY (Alistair Cox's
adress). Registered as a charity 16.3.1972: To provide ... living
accommodation and associated amenities ... persons in necessitous
circumstances, including persons in receipt of or in need of psychiatric or
medical treatment and persons who for any reason are unable to maintain
themselves without supportive care, and to promote, aid and further
rehabilitation of such persons in the community and their welfare
generally." See Bowker
1971 (First edition?) Treatment and Care in Mental Illness
edited by Edith Rudinger.
Consumers' Association, London. 168 pages
including index. A revised edition, with 176 pages, was published in 1973.
"In my early twenties, through looking for work I took on employment in the
Health Service as a Hospital Porter, then as a Hospital Orderly. Here I
worked alongside people from the Caribbean and got to understand how hard
these people worked, thereby getting away from the myth I grew up with,
that these people were lazy and scrounging of the Welfare State. During
this period I also experienced depression and started taking
tranquillisers, which later led on to a dependence on anti-depressants and
seeing psychiatrists on a regular basis. This later led to a breakdown and
hospitalisation. Through this I learnt what it was like to be prejudiced
against and stigmatised. (1997 footnote to "And We Can Learn" (August
Naked Songs and Rhythms of Hope p.129)
(France) Groupe d'information sur le Asiles (Groupe Information
Asiles or GIA) (Group for Information on Asylums) formed in 1972. Jacques
Lagrange says that this was formed, on the model of
Groupe Information Prisons, by "young psychiatrists whose less
pronounced corporatist concerns allowed them to take a more political
position". He says it was "soon taken over by the 'psychiatrised'
themselves to denounce the scandals of arbitrary confinement"
(Foucault 1973/1974c p.353). At
Fresnes in 1973,
Lesley Mitchell said that the French Groupe
Information Asiles and the English Mental Patients Union were the only
groups "organised solely by patients and ex-patients".
External link to the
of the Groupe Information
Asiles. It was
Dr Dimitri Crouchez
(intern in psychiatry), with some colleagues
CHS Perray-Vaucluse, in the Essonne
disagreed with the
traditional practices of psychiatry. They referred frequently to Roger
Gentis (psychiatrist with the CHS Perray-Vaucluse), and his pamphlet:
Les murs de l'Asile (The walls of the asylum)
They were joined by
, who joined as a student in 1973, was a long-
time actvist. The first indication that it might be a group of the
psychiatrised (psychiatrisés) comes in 1975: First [constitution?]
under the official name of "APLP (Association pour la liaison des
psychiatrisés). From 1975 to 1979, publication of journal of the
Psychiatrisés en lutte
Peter Thompson's Bound for Broadmoor published. It was
followed, in 1974, by Back from Broadmoor
1972 Women and Madness by Phyllis Chesler published by
Doubleday and company, Garden City, New York. A copy given to the Mental
Patients Union by Pam Edwards in September 1974.
An Access course in Humanities, at Waltham
Forest College led to her begining an English Literature degree on the
Enfield Campus of Middlesex University in September 1997. In her second
year she was "hit with raging Ulcerative Colitis... Struggled to be well
and study on medication, but ended up having her colon cut out in November
1998. It was the start of a new life. See
2000 (madness) -
2008 (paintings) -
F.E.E.L. presentation -
(first book) - 14.7.2010 Birmingham Seminar - 2011 wrote first
fairy story - roaming India -
2.1.2013 Philip on fairy story -
2014 first fairy
story published - Rev. Lucy Winkett - 2016 Fish in Head fairy story -
6.5.2077 death of Philip - Christmas
Spirit of Philip Morgan
Sam Shakes born in the maternity unit of Hackney Hospital,
London. Her parents had come to London from Montserrat and Jamaica. She was
the first of their four children. She started her education at London
Fields Primary School and then went to Kingsland Secondary School in
Shaklewell Lane (now demolished), re-sitting GCSEs at the Sir George Monoux
Sixth Form College in Walthamstow. She began her career as a sales clerk in
1989, first selling bathrooms in the City of London and then with Dudley
Stationers (now defunct) in Bow.
February 1973 [1972? CHECK
Projects took on three short life properties in Bowker Street,
Salford. [To August 1975]
Paddington Day Hospital meeting
12.3.1972 Politics of Psychology News Letter Number 3.
SPK - Aus der Kranheit eine Waffe Machen [Make Your Illness a
Weapon] written by the
Socialist Patient Collective of Heidelberg
and published by Trikont Verlag, Munich, 1972. -
letter published with the Socialist Patient
Collective book (above),
Jean Paul Sartre described it as "the sole possible
anti-psychiatry" and "also a
coherent praxis which aimed at abolishing the alleged 'therapeutic methods'
for mental illness". - Being translated into English
(born 1950), a psychology student at Aberdeen
University, had her first experience of treatment under the
mental health services. She took the exams in a psychiatric hospital and
obtained her first degree in psychology. In her academic posts, from 1972-
1986, she kept quiet about her experience of distress and hid her ongoing
Grunwick picket line
1976 - Eventually (1986) "she was
medically retired from a research and teaching
post at the age of 35 "due to being mad" (email from Diana). She then spent
five years 'living in the community',
an experience which was very distressing. In
she became part of the fledgling service
user /survivor movement in the UK."
she went to the Sainsbury Centre and
developed User Focused Monitoring, a user-led model of research.
Proposed research (completed by others) on the user movement -
In 2001 she went to be project coordinator at Service User Research
, Institute of
Psychiatry, King's College London -
"patients' perspectives on electroconvulsive therapy" in British Journal of
2005 Diana was promoted to Senior Lecturer in User-Led Research and
co-director of SURE.
- In 2011 she
was promoted to Reader in User-led Research. "I don't think anyone else in
the world has this title". (email from Diana 21.12.2011). Professor
By March 1972, Thomas Ritchie had secured the support of the Scottish
Council for Civil Liberties for the concept of a union of mental patients.
The Journal of SUMP days (April below) begins "SUMP is associated with
S.C.C.L" and list the names of its secretary, Robert Thompson; Chairman,
Peter Wallington; and Vice Chairmen: Edgar Prais and James J. Wilson
The Journal was started two weeks after The Herald published an
article on 27.3.1972 (page 2) "Special Union to be formed for mental
00001 Thomas Ritchie * wards 7 and 15 (Hartwood). Following to 00025:
James Corrigan - 00003 Robert Forrest - 00004 George Henderson - 00005 Hugh
Crosbie - 00006 James Lee * - 00007 Charles Brunton [not on typed list] -
00008 David McCaughtree [not on typed list] - 00009 James Mailey - 00010
Thomas Bell - 00011 Roderick U. Reid - 00012 William Murray - 00013 J.
Hannah - 00014 Andrew Daisley * - 00015 Fred McLaughlin - 00016 Hugh Murphy
[not on typed list] - 00017 Hugh McMullen [not on typed list] - 00018 R.
Mannering [spelling on typed list] - 00019 Hugh Reilly - 00020 John Maxwell
- 00021 George Patterson * - 00022 Richerd. R. [Dickie] Dobie - 00023
Robert Waddell - 00024 William McCourtney - 00025 Robert Cameron * - 00026
Stewart. [Also on Ward 7 is M. Malroony, on the typed list but not in the
journal] - Next page: 00027 "Gemmel"? [James Taylor on typed list] Ward
8 - 00028 James Mcguiness Ward 10 - 00029 John McCahon * Ward
8 - a red line - 00030 Bruce McKenzie Ward 15 [Typed list "In
addition to the Petitiners, Bruce McKenzie is also a Permanent Member"}
* Thomas Ritchie - James Lee - Andrew Daisley - George Patterson - Robert
Cameron - and John McCahon made individual grievances, along with James
Typed list said following membership numbers "will be reserved for all the
generous people and organisations on the outside who donate one guinea or
more" [In practice, I do not think this was followed, but Tommy did use
membership as a means of raising money. The last member is 00100]
Robin Farquharson is member number 00034 in the SUMP membership
list. He is the first not from
Hartwood. Under "hospital" it says
Gartloch (7) transferred to Epsom". The story
I remember being told is that Robin was confined (on this occasion) after
successfully ordering a (military?) aeroplane - or aeroplanes.
Bill Ferguson is member number 00034: ex-patient Hartwood, 12 Rutheren
11.5.1972 Press conference launching PROP (Preservation of the
Rights of Prisoners) in the Prince Arthur pub on the Caledonian Road
opposite Pentonville Prison. Platform: Dick Pooley, Ted Ward (London
organiser), Douglas Curtis (anonymous - Mike Fitzgerald fronted for him),
and Pauline (no second name given). The language of PROP
was adopted in an adapted form by the
Mental Patients Union in
March 1973 and and
April 1973: "Statement of Intent" and
"Charter of Rights" with "demands". Ted Ward the London organiser of
PROP was a founder member of the MPU and he was the person who spoke
most effectively on the control of the MPU by patients only.
May 1972 Alternatives to Holloway published by the group
Radical Alternatives to Prison, which had been estblished in 1971.
(See alternative projects)
Thomas Ritchie first
Thomas Ritchie came to London
4.8.1972 PROP (Preservation of the Rights of Prisoners) called the
first national prison strike [The Prison Strikes were called by the dates
being given in reply to questions in television and radio interviews. It
took the Home Office a long time to realise the simplicity of this - They
were looking for a complex communication organisation. In
the formation of the Mental Patients Union, Radio Four's
Today Programme played an important role.]
September 1972 Spare Rib "Agoraphobia" "At sixteen Carolyn
Maniford became a patient in a psychiatric hospital because she was too
frightened to leave home"... "At seventeen Carolyn Maniford is a patient in
Goodmayes... and has been in hospital for three months"... "I don't think
I'll ever get better. Sometimes I think I'm in here to get worse"...
born in Italy. (Now resident London). See Nat 2001 -
20.9.1972 Letter in The Guardian from
Paul Hunt, calling on
disabled people to form their own organisation. "
mainly through confidential correspondence and circulars circulated amongst
its members, many of whom were living in residential institutions (Campbell
and Oliver 1996). These exchanges led to the production of a Policy
Statement and constitution in
1974. Two years later, it expanded on its thinking in the
Fundamental Principles of Disability (UPIAS 1976)"
7.11.1972 to 19.12.1972 trial (and imprisonment) in Germany
of doctors Wolfgang and Ursel Huber of the
SPK. Each was sentenced to four and a half years in prison on
Before Christmas 1972 The group that produced
The Need for a Mental Patients Union were meeting in Liz
Madness Network News first published -
See Anne Swan - 1981
Fresnes Prison: J. D'Escrivain
"Peut-on ne pas dénoncer l'inacceptable?" Revue Esprit
:Pourquoi le travail social 4 - 5 1972
De Gekkenkrant (Variously translated Crazy Person's Newspaper - The
Fool's Paper and Mad Magazine) started in Holland. It closed itself down
on 21.2.1981. See
Flip Schrameijer 2002 who was co-founder and editor from
January 1973 to January 1979 (6 years 1 month): "One wintery Sunday morning
in 1972 my girlfriend and a friend got together to discuss the founding of
a paper by and for people in mental institutions. I made them coffee and
listened until I realized this was the answer to the feeling I'd had since
my two years in a psychiatric asylum where I worked as a conscientious
objector. The feeling was I should do something about the injustice and
suffering, hidden behind the fences and shrubbery mostly in remote places.
I joined the conversation; the next Summer the first issue appeared."
(source) - (See
At Bristol Polytechnic,
Mary Nettle achieved one of the first Higher National Diplomas
in Business Studies (1973) and a Diploma in Advanced Marketing (1974).
After college she
worked in marketing research with Audits of Great Britain and Quaker Oats
in Eastcote, Middlesex. She married in
1977 and became a user of mental health services in 1978.
January-May 1973 First draft, in
duplicated form, of
SPK: Make your Illness a Weapon (English translation from
the original German) circulated by a collective in North London. A copy was
sent to the Mental Patients Union by Petra Michaels in April 1974.
March 1973 Martindale - The Extra Pharmacopoeia reprint (with
amendments) of 26th edition (July 1972) - 2320 pages The Pharmaceutical
Press, London. A copy purchased in
Joan Martin. See Directory of Side Effects
Bill Warwick, 12 Hartill Street, Stoke on Trent, first wrote to
the MPU for information. He publicised it his local PNP Group. In October
Stoke on Trent social services held meeting addressed by an ex-mental
patient (Miss M. Rowe) on "Problems of Patients returning to the Community"
at which Bill and friends distributed MPU literature.
Spring [April] 1973
Mind Out, a quarterly Mind magazine
as editor. Denise was sympathetic to the aim of forming a
mental patients union and was allowed to attend one or more of the union's
meetings to report on it.
Spring 1973 A group including Petra Michaels translating
Socialist Patient Collective
book into English.
Circulated to MPU in
Summer 1973 "The squat at Villa Road, Brixton, emerged in the
summer of 1973." It occupied a whole street and involved about 200 people
at its peak (peak ending 1977). (Europe's 1968: Voices of Revolt
BBC video 2011?.
Jenny James at 12 Villa Road from 1974 to 1978. "In the hot
summer of 1976, the Villa Roaders barricaded the street to fend off
eviction and demolition".
report on the Mental Patients Union
June COPE: Community Organisation for
Fresnes Conference Friday 29.6.1973 - Saturday 30.6.1973:
Organised by three French
Cahiers pour la Folie
Groupe d'information sur le
- Association contre la repression
medico-policiere - Included: Kommittee gegen die Isolationsfolten - Des
de droit commun, 12 - Mental Patients Union
House (37 Mayola Road). Intended only as housing at first.
Meetings began to be held here from January 1974. 37 Mayola Road was named
Robin Farquharson House in accordance with an earlier decision to name the
union's housing after Robin
Manchester Mental Patients Union founded. The December
1974 list of Mental Patients Unions records it as meeting weekly at 3pm at
178 Oxford Road, Manchester. See
- "A Leeds and area branch of the Mental
Patients Union is being formed. Any patients or ex-patients who are
interested in becoming members or any interested parties who would like to
take out associate membership should get in touch with: I.S. Everton, 16
Quarry Mount, Leeds, LS6 1DN. The Mental Patients Union is concerned with
fighting for patients' rights."
September 1973 Spare Rib "With a Little Help from Ourselves"
by Carol Morrell. "Re-evaluation counselling - more often called co-
counselling - is perhaps the most radical of the radical therapies: it is
peer group therapy".
(1973, pages 114-15) mentions, in passing, attending a meeting at which
Thomas Scheff "presented for the first time in this country the
method of Re-evaluation Counselling - a lay form of therapy between peers".
Initially sceptical, he came to "have far fewer doubts about this mode of
reciprocal therapy, or self-disclosure. It can be extremely powerful, if
limited... It has the advantage of costing nothing, and being open to all".
Barnett met and liked Harvey Jackins, who originated re-evaluation
counselling. See Terry
Tuesday 4.9.1973 Camden Council in court to evict squatters from 97
Prince of Wales Road.
The Mental Patients Union met in a City office for some time, retreating to
a pub across the road when that became too cold. It was during the period
in the pub that I recall
(a full member by reason of his experiences in
Argentina) attending meetings. In September 1973
he was a speaker at
a meeting organised in Portugal to see if a European network of
alternatives to psychiatry could be formed. He met
and Robert Castel. Two other contacts persuaded him to move to Paris, where
October 1973 "Women's Books,
11 Waverley Road, Bristol" Revised Literature List (MPU File
Copy - 3 pages) lists Laing and Esterson Sanity, Madness and the
Family (40 pence) - David Cooper Dialectic of Liberation (30
pence) and The Death of the Family (35p) and "Our Bodies Our Selves"
by Boston Women's Health Collective (£1.50). There is a short list of
"Journals" which includes "A Woman's Place (Brighton W.L.) 3p" -
and 5 12p" - "Pent Up (Southampton W.L. 15p" - "Shrew (London W.L.
Workshop) 10p" -
(See Compendium 1975)
Thursday 6.12.1973 Portsmouth Mental Patients Union founded. The
1974 list of Mental Patients Unions records it as meeting monthly at
Portsmouth Community Advice Centre, 157 Lake Road, Portsmouth, PO1 4OY.
Wednesday 7.11.1973 to Wednesday 6.2.1974
Michel Foucault gave weekly lectures in Paris on
le pouvoir psychiatrique (psychiatric power). In these he
used the term
anti-psychiatry to describe a movement critical of
psychiatry that arose within psychiatry.
was argued to be an element in the movement. In this, patients were said
to be mimicking diseases in a counterattack on the truth of psychiatry.
- The Mental Patients Union no longer
has an address in Prince of Wales Road. For any information on MPU please
write c/o 37 Mayola Road, Clapton, London E.5. or (if absolutely necessary)
Thursday 6.12.1973 BBC1 Play for Today: Baby Blues Seventy
from 9.25 (after the news) to 10.40. This dealt with
Response included the formation of
Depressives Anonymous - This became Depressives
Associated and is now Depression Alliance -
(external link to history)
Tongue Tied published. It had been written, a few lines a
day, over a long period of time.
Community Health Councils (CHCs) established. See
July 1982 -
Spring 1986 -
Spring 1988 -
June 1990 -
new millennium -
1974 News from Nowhere, radical bookshop, Liverpool,
Other radical bookshops established in the 1970s include
Grassroots Bookshop in Manchester and
Centerprise Bookshop in
Dalston, London. See
PROMPT booklet 6 (1979?)
1974 Richard Shrubb born, Portsmouth. "I lived across the UK, Europe
and the US until I went to university in Southampton in 1994. In 1997 I
graduated with a 3rd Class in Maritime Business and a 1st in paranoid
schizophrenia. I was diagnosed with mental illness in March 1999 and had a
positive experience of the mental health system. In 2004 I started a
Masters degree in broadcast journalism. Graduating in 2006, I have
struggled with the stigma of mental illness."
(source) - See
DIO Media and
Early 1974 Community Levy for
Alternative Projects CLAP
established. Based at
BIT. For the first year of its
existence, the CLAP Handbook (listing projects that needed money)
was published every two months by Peace News. Mayola Road Mental
Patients Union was first listed in CLAP 3 in June 1974. The biggest donor
through CLAP was David Waterfield, owner of the blue-movie Exxon cinema
club in Danbury Street, Islington. At about the time he was jailed (for
importing the film
Deep Throat) envelopes of cash were posted (without
explanation) to alternative projects. [Most of this information from CLAP
Handbook 4: September 1974 - cash in envelopes from my memory]
March 1974 Women and Psychiatry group formed by Vicky
Randall, 115 Cannon Street Road, London, E1.
Projects and Family Housing Association (Manchester) opened a
"newly-converted house of bedsitters which had been planned over the past
two years" in Egerton Road, South Manchester.
Mind Out - "News
has been reaching the Mental
Patients Union of prisons and psychiatric hospitals operating a
'censorship' policy with regard to incoming papers and magazines. If
readers of Mind Out know of any hospitals where this is happening
perhaps they could contact the Mental Patients Union, 37 Mayola Road,
Clapton, London, E5. NB: MPU General Meeting is to be held in
Manchester on April 20, from 2.0-5.30 pm at The Music College, Manchester
University, Oxford Road, Manchester 13"
South West London Mental Patients Union founded. The
December 1974 list of Mental Patients Unions records that its meetings
were usually held fortnightly at People Aid and Action Centre, 8 Falcon
Road, SW11. - Croydon Mental Patients Union also founded - Meetings
held monthly on the 18th - Horton Hospital MPU was founded earlier.
17.4.1974 First letter to MPU from
Janet Cresswell, 2 Oakford Court, Nassington Road, London, NW3
who had seen it amongst groups listed in the Sunday Times none of
which "could possibly be termed pro-psychiatry". Bucked her spirits because
she had felt she was the only one. She had "ultimately hit the GP who was
responsible" for her "unethical" medical treatment. "this action did not
produce an investigation into my medical records but it did cure me of the
depression I had as a result of psychiatric treatment". She was refusing to
pay rates or taxes into the medical or social services until an enquiry is
held: "the treatment ... made me too ill to look after my child and I lost
custody of her, so it did cause a lot of trouble."
Manchester General Meeting of the Mental
Patients Union formed the Federation of Mental Patients
Mayola Road MPU (Hackney) as the coordination centre.
April/May 1974 Draft translation into English of part of
Socialist Patient Collective book sent to
Mayola Road Mental Patients Union by Petra Michaels. Petra had
been part of the group
preparing the draft in the
spring of 1973. This was used by
Helen Spandler as the main source for her (1992) analysis of the
theories and history of the Socialist Patient Collective.
April 1974 Spare Rib "Liz: Alcoholics Anonymous". "They put a
government health warning on cigarettes, but they don't on alcohol."
Friday 6.5.1974 4.30pm First meeting of
Hackney Hospital MPU
explained what kind of things
the mental patients union does. Refusing treatment, cruelty to patients,
clothes grants, fighting against being discriminated against in jobs...
Alice ill treated by nurses... "Resolved that a branch of the Mayola Road
M.P.U. be formed in Hackney Hospital. proposed Alan Hartman, seconded
Alice. 15 for - none against. Alan Hartman elected chairman.." The meeting
was adjourned after the senior nursing officer attempted (unsuccessfully)
to break it up.
July 1974: Hackney Hospital Mental Patients Union won the right to meet
in the hospital
Hackney Gazette 6.8.1974
MENTAL PATIENTS UNION IS NOW RECOGNISED
The Hackney hospitals branch of the Mental Patients Union is the first in
the country to achieve recognition. Psychiatric wings in both the German
and Hackney Hospital are affected.
The MPU aims to bring about a better deal for patients in mental hospitals,
and improved status.
Mr Andrew Roberts, of the Hackney branch, claims that several patients in
Hackney Hospital psychiatric wing had spoken of better treatment by staff
since the branch was recognised on July 18.
After Hackney MPU ceased being active, Alan Hartman attempted to form a
group with a slightly different name: [Not Hackney Mental Patients
He went to Manchester in 1985
Succesors within the hospital include:
Hackney Day Hospital Patients Committee
formed in the winter of 1984/1985 and
Hackney Patients Council
(1994 to the present)
People's News Service 1.6.1974 "MENTAL PATIENTS' UNION MEMBER
ESCAPES COMPULSORY DRUG TREATMENT. Last week
Tony O'Donnell moved into the
house of the Mayola Road Mental Patients Union in East London after a long
struggle to find a place where he could live without having to undergo
injections of modicate, an extremely strong drug used on people diagnosed
as schizophrenic...". See also Hackney Union of
5.7.1974 to 7.7.1974 A meeting held at Castle Priory College,
which was reported by Paul Williams and Tim Gauntlett in Participation
with mentally handicapped people, published by
Campaign for the Mentally Handicapped - See
Saturday 6.7.1974 Present at Mayola Road for MPU meeting: Andrew and
Valerie Roberts -
Joan Martin, Austin
Arranged that Tony would be chair at meeting and Joan take minutes
regularly and prepare a partial agenda just before the meeting - First
business was to discuss a meeting on 18.7.1974 with "Hackney Hospital
Authorities". Second item "House at Woodford. Two large houses available -
6 or 7 rooms per house. "Agreed that Tom Ritchie and Lillian Jordan to move
in as tenants" [They took the two downstairs rooms of the first house
occupied. Thomas Ritchie remained there until the houses closed in 1976]
Late August 1974: "Fear" by
Frank Bangay published
in Troubadour 2, edited by Patrick Hayes.
"you tell me that I frighten you, Well I never intended to...
I'm not a tough man... there are many times when I am afraid... afraid of
isolation ... afraid of my superiors... afraid of love... And sometimes I'm
frightened of you my friend."
Troubadour Poets held
Monday night poetry evenings at the Troubadour coffee bar, 265 Old Brompton
Road, Earls Court, London, SW5. Frank also organised gigs there in
the 1980s. See
"Consumer issue". Based on a flood of letters in
response to publicity that such an issue was planned. Most of the letters
were negative and the editor said "We do not think psychiatrists will like
being criticised by their patients". The issue also re-produced the
MPU drug side effects list, but without the introduction explaining that
the effects listed were possible (not necessary) effects. Ruptions in
4.10.1974 to 6.10.1974 "First Women and Health Conference"
held in Sheffield (following "Women and medicine workshop in Edinburgh").
About 250 women came. The 28 page report covers physical health (including
VD - Childbirth - Breast Self-Examination -
- The Pill
- Menopause - Nutrition). Mental health not mentioned, but a cartoon
caption says "I was a well-adjusted woman 'till I discovered health
conferences" (page 1).
Friday 15.11.1974 "Paschal"
(Matthew O'Hara) first stayed at 37 Mayola Road.
The December 1974 list of Mental Patients Unions includes the following
unions inside hospitals: Roundway Hospital Mental Patients Union,
Wiltshire - Horton Hospital Mental Patients Union, Surrey -
Broadmoor Hospital (individual members unable to meet) - Hackney
Hospital Branch - Shenley Hospital (contacts) -
Union of the Physically Impaired Against Segregation
(UPIAS) first policy statement.
- external link "adopted 3.12.1974, amended
Fundamental Principles of
Christmas at Mayola Road:
wrote "I went home to Christmas at Mayola Road and a new visitor called
Janet Cresswell called and said she wanted to cook our Christmas
dinner. But Valerie had her own plans and made a pudding containing
chestnuts, mushrooms and onions for Christmas and also mince pies and
jellies. Rebe, another MPU member who was friendly with Valerie's daughter
Lily, called and Valerie gave her some mince pies. Christmas in 1974 was
quite tiring at Mayola Road".
Brian Redhead pres
1974-1978 Gardes-Fous: French organisation and journal that
attempted to unite low paid mental-hospital workers with patients in
(Sedgwick, P. 1982, p.235). Gardes-fous (fools guards) are
parapets or railings that prevent people falling into a hole or running of
the road. Published Paris: Solin ISSN: 0339-6673. NÝ 1 (févr./mars
1974)-nÝ 11/12 (1978)
Andrew Voyce "Paranoid schizophrenia since 1975 - freed from asylum life by
Mrs Thatcher's community care - MA in social and public policy - cartoon
slide show artist". "I spent my years from age 23 to 40 as a 'revolving
door' patient in the old National Health Service asylums in the UK". See
Andrew's Asylum Life.
1975 Schizophrenia From Within (an anthology of
accounts by patients) edited by J. K. (John Kenneth) Wing (1923- ) for the
National Schizophrenia Fellowship, Surbiton. 65 pages.
ISBN: 090485406X. Peter Sedgwick
(1982, pages 242-243 and 288) comments that
"Far more psychotic patients... must have participated in the
work of the British NSF (with its 90 local groups) alongside relatives and
other sympathisers, than have ever been seen in the 'patients' union'
networks of more politicised repute".
In 1975 Thurstine Basset, a student social worker at the London School of
Economics, invited a mental patients union speaker. - His interest in the
patients' movement continued: See
May 1983 -
July 1985 -
November 2004 -
May 2006 -
1975 Jason Pegler born. See
1975 First "Dag van de Psychiatrie" (Day of Psychiatry) in Holland.
Later becomes "de
Week van de Psychiatrie" (the week of Psychiatry)
A meeting in Brussels in January 1975
launched The International Network of
(Resseau Alternatif A La Psychiatrie). - See
Steel an' Skin:
London-based Afro-Caribbean drum and dance ensemble active from 1975 to
1992. Founded by
Peter Scott Blackman. This was a band formed
of eleven members ranging from Trinidad to Nigeria. They toured the prisons
and inner city slums of 1970s Britain with the intention of presenting a
positive image of African culture at a time when popular opinion and media
representations left a lot to be desired.
early 1975 Your Rights in
Camden "aimed squarely at potential
claimants rather than professionals" (Foreword by Tessa Jowell, chair of
social services) The addresses included at the end of the mental health
Tavistock Institute of Human Relations,
Emergencies as Whittington Hospital, National Council for Civil Liberties,
Camden Association for Mental Health, The
Mental After-Care Association,
Mental Patients' Union c/o 37 Mayola Road (A group organised
by mental patients to represent the interests of their members) and
"Monday to Saturday 11am-8pm. Concerned with alleviating mental distress in
Also in 1975: The Sunday Times
Self-Help Directory edited by Judith
Chisholm and Oliver Gillie, with a foreword by Jack Ashley, MP. Amongst the
organisations listed are Al_Anon Familiy Groups, Alcoholics Anonymous,
Anorexics Anonymous, Be Not Anxious, B.I.T. (information service),
Depressives Anonymous, Disablement Income Group,
Federation of Mental
Patients' Unions, Friend (homosexual men and women), Gamblers
National Federation of the Blind of the United Kingdom, National Federation
of Claimant's Unions, National League for the Blind and Disabled, Neurotics
Nominé, Patient's Association, Preservation of the Rights of
Prisoners (PROP), Simon Community (homeless people), The Open Door
(agrophobia), The Partially Sighted Society,
The Phobics Society.
March 1975 Spare Rib "Stretched to Breaking Point" feature
recounts (first name only) women's experiences of psychiatric hospitals.
"The staff objected when Susan built up a group of friends: 'They didn't
like it. You see, we were supporting one another. We'd go on strike;
wouldn't go to Occupational Therapy, wouldn't go to bed when lights went
out and wouldn't eat shitty food".
Gardes-Fous (page 39-41), special international
edition, re-published the (British) Mental Patient's Union's Declaration
of Intent in translation, with some background briefing.
(Sedgwick, P. 1982, p.286, note 83)
April 1975 First issue of Psychiatrisés en lutte. (See
"Discrimination - Andrew Roberts of the
Hackney Mental Patients Union takes a look at job discrimination against
May 1975 - Mind
Cope was invited to run a seminar. It prepared a leaflet, with
West London Mental Patients Union, criticising Mind. The
London MPU was signed by Mary Hutchinson and Eric Irwin. (Heavy Daze
no.6. pages 6-7
"Mind Games and More")
Manchester Mental Patients Union Conference.
June 1975 "
Compendium Sexual Politics Stock Catalogue" contains
"Health, Childbirth etc" mainly works on childbirth. Exceptions include
"Women and Health Conference Proceedings, Sheffield [October]
"Women Against E.C.T." (10 pence) - "Migraine; Evolution of a common
disorder" by O. Sacks (£1.60) - "Our Bodies Our Selves" by Boston
Health Collective - "Put her down on drugs: prescribed drug usage in women"
by L. Fiddell. - The Psychology section included -
to Psychiatrists" by Nicole Anthony (3 pence) -
Madness" (£1.15) - Psychoanalysis and Feminism - R. Seidenberg "Drug
advertising and perception of mental illness" (25 pence) - M.Weaver "Bill
of Rights for Insane, Abnormals and other deviants (so called) (3 pence)
Campaign for the Mentally Handicapped's "participation weekend"
at Castle Priory College. This was reported by Alan Tyne, Paul Williams and
in Working out: an account of CMH's participation weekend at Castle
Priory College in June, 1975, with some comments published London by
CMH, 96 Portland Place, W1N 4EX in 1975.
5.9.1975 There is part of
Colin Hambrook that
has never quite come to terms with the fact that the world did not end in
(BBC Ouch 25.10.2013)
A Directory of the Side Effects of Psychiatric
24.10.1975 (United Nations Day).
presented a petition to 10 Downing Street on behalf of her
the Abolition of Forced Psychiatric Treatment. The reply was
Bill Warwick explained to "Doc"
(Matthew O'Hara) on 2.10.1979 the way psychiatry uprooted any
efforts to plan: "In 1975 I had just started on a bit of a plan when
made contact about her petition which fitted nicely into my prevailing
plan, which got its first set back when I got the news from Janet that she
had just managed to escape from Friern Barnett where for no known reason
she had been placed -
KIDNAPPED - into very shortly after having handed her
petition into No. 10. I was just getting my breath back, patient;y waiting
requested explanation from D.H.S.S. about this un-warranted intervention in
Janet's life, when I got to know, without being told why, that Janet was in
Holloway, she was already in Broadmoor before I began to get the
31.10.1975 and 1.11.1975
conference at Church House, Westminster in
connection with the publication of volume one of Larry Gostin's
A Human Condition. The Mental Health Act from 1959 to 1975.
Observations, analysis and proposals for reform.
Heavy Daze number 6: "Mental Patients Union - A federation of Mental
Patients group[s] around the country, based on the ideas that mental
organise and support each other and fight for the rights of each other. The
National Info. Centre has recently moved out of London (a good sign?) to
Hull MPU, 16 Clifton Gardens, St Georges Road, Hull, HU3 3QB. Write to them
for their list of contacts across the country. East London MPU, 37 Mayola
Road, E5 (page 31). The same issue includes (page 28) "Society, Psychiatry
and the MPU - Personal responsibility? My View", by "Mike Smith, Hull MPU"
and a notice about the Directory of the Side Effects of Psychiatric
Janet Cresswell visited in her flat by Hampstead C.I.D. who
called a social worker, who called two psychiatrists. She was taken to Ward
3 at Barnet on a section 25. Within three weeks she managed to escape. Her
psychiatrist in Friern was Christie Brown, [Janet much later heard that the
trigger for this was that a neighbour reported to the police that Janet was
planning to kill a psychiatrist.]
Union of the Physically Impaired
Against Segregation and
the Disability Alliance discussion of the "Fundamental Principles of
Mind Out "Voluntary
patient - involuntary
treatment" (A personal account by Andrew Roberts)
Angela Sweeney born. See
Recovery In Sight Centre 2009 -
This is Survivor Research 2009
Peter Thompson founded The Matthew Trust
1976 A young teacher, Shelley Harper, was on a sailing exhibition
when she noticed the first signs of brain damage. The Neurological Unit at
Southampton later commented "This poor girl will never achieve an
(Neuropsychiatry News, January 2015).
She became a campaigner for disability rights and later for mental health
(briefly). Howard "was an inpatient in Hackney Hospital's F Block.
1.1.1976 Which? Books Understanding Mental Health
11.1.1976 About half the patients at Paddington Day Hospital signed
a letter of complaint, leading to an inquiry and (eventually, in 1979) the
closure of the unit.
30.1.1976 150 squatters evicted by 100s of police from
GLC Estate, Hazelville Road: (Welby House, Goldie House, Ritchie House).
(Jeremy Worman 2009).
Cherry Allfree was,
at one time, a squatter in Welby House.
13.2.1976 The telephone number used by the Mental Patients Union
moved with Andrew and Valerie (Argent) Roberts to a house they later shared
Allfree twenty-eight. In her 28th year she obtained a room in
the hotel she worked in, and was
leave Kingsmead. At some stage, a taxi she was ravelling in
crashed into a lamppost. Subsequent pains in the chest were considered "all
in my head" by a doctor who prescribed
valium. She was
later referred to the
National Heart Hospital in London and had a hole in
[atrial septal defect]
operation a year later.
"After the operation, I went
back to work for a while and then my heart started playing up again. Then I
had a rest -- and went up to Manchester to get another job. From there I
came to London. A "year or more" after her operation, Cherry was a squatter
in Welby House, Hornsey Rise.
1979?) She obtained a flat of her own
in Dulwich and by 1981, this was
stayed overnight with
at 37 Mayola Road. The following day, Janet stabbed Desmond McNeil,
her former doctor, in the buttocks. Joan wrote (about 1993):
"This news devastated me, but I had no time to dwell on it as I
had to continue to occupy Mayola Road until a house had been obtained for
Matthew O'Hara and others. I had to stay until the official
place. In the meantime Matthew O'Hara, an amateur expert in legal matters,
tried to help Janet, but she refused his offer of help. To this day Janet
has remained a patient in Broadmoor Hospital."
Janet Cresswell was released in 2006. See
20.7.1976 Janet Cresswell in Holloway
Prison. She first saw the visiting psychiatrist, Colin Campbell Sherry, on
Joan Hughes' diary entry that Mayola Road closed:
"All the troubles with Mayola Road appear to be over. The
place is empty now and bath and toilet have been smashed up by demolition
men, awaiting the destruction of the entire building."
Wednesday 28.4.1976 - 7.30pm Question put to the leader of Hackney
Council by Councillor Lois Jacques "Will the Leader please state what
policy decision has been taken regarding the request from the Mental
Patients' Union for property to be provided by the Council for their use?"
- Minutes in Joan
Spring 1976 "Spring is Rising" by
Frank Bangay. This was published in Springfield Words, a
magazine produced by
Springfield Hospital in 1978. Frank's
1985 poem "Food and
Shelter" (Naked Songs and
Rhythms of Hope pages 104-106) relates to experiences in
1976 to 1978 and "the revolving door system that we can get caught up in
once we enter the psychiatric system".
PROMPT: Protection of the Rights of Mental Patients
in Therapy - Became
CAPO (Campaign Against Psychiatric
24.6.1976 Old Bailey trial of
Cresswell before Mr Justice
Davies. Mr Fitch prosecuting and Mr O'Rourke defending. Janet pleaded not
guilty to attempted murder and guilty of wounding. Verdict of not guilty of
attempted murder entered agreed. Janet pleaded "guilty of wounding", which
was accepted, although the actual charge included "with intent to do him
grievous bodily harm". [The trial, therefore, appears to have been about
the kind of sentence that would be imposed] Order made for her admission to
Broadmoor within 28 days, without restriction of time. She was
admitted to York 2 at Broadmoor on 20.7.1976. [There was an appeal
on Janet's case. It was handled by the NCCL who charged her ú75. (Letter
from Janet 3.10.1981)]
Janet Cresswell in Broadmoor. This was they
first time they met, and may have been Janet's first visit .
Peter Barham's thesis,
about schizophrenia, thinking about schizophrenic thinking and
schizophrenic thinking was awarded a Ph.D. by the University
of Durham in 1977. It drew on his
Winterton interviews and led to
human value in 1984.
1977 National "Women and Mental Health Conference", London. "as far
back as the late 1970s, whilst working as a trainee social worker, I helped
to plan the first and only National Women and Mental Health Conference, in
the hope that crisis provision and better support services could begin to
be set up for women who feature more heavily in the psychiatric system"
(Helen Shoenberg, 12.4.1994 Conference speech) -
archive. The conference was disrupted by
conflicts between radical and other feminists. Helen Shoenberg was the
only patient participating.
Mary Nettle married in 1977. "Six months
later [in 1978] I had a 'nervous breakdown', I was under pressure at work
and one day had 'hysterics' in the office. I ended up in
St Bernard's, a
horrible Victorian asylum for three months. I had become a user of the
mental health system and been given the label of manic depression. This
had, as you can imagine, a profound effect on my life and of those close to
"There was no discussion about medication or someone's problems. Treatment
was totally drug oriented".
Ken Lumb and
Anne Plumb married in 1977. Anne describes 1970 to 1985 as "Ken
Lumb's early years of activism" marked by long drawn out campaigns that
did not achieve the main objectives, or only on a small scale, but which
"engendered a solidarity and an agenda that did not go away". These
included campaigns against the withdrawl of the invalid tricycle, ill
thought out pedestriastion schemes, buiding of Young Disabled Units,
action for adapted housing and integrated care support, accessible
environments and public transport "and so on".
A Human Condition. The Law Relating to Mentally Abnormal Offenders:
Observations, analysis and proposals for reform, the second volume of
A Human Condition, published by
Mind Out "World
leader meets his match
- John Hooper says that sometimes, the compulsory powers of the Mental
Health Act can be a blessing in disguise" (A patient's personal account)
Allfree twenty-nine. Possibly in 1977/1978 that she had a hole
in the heart operation in London and later went to Manchester.
Letter to Dave Hinchcliffe
about the history of mental patients
unions: "the campaign against E.C.T. and Brain surgery which is now a
parliamentary issue thanks to PROMPT" - See
and Alan Saint first petitioned the House of
Commons via Joyce Butler MP.
"Here we go then. It's Jubilee Bank Holiday Monday, 6.6.1977, and
you're down for 2/52 fortnightly".
Get Well Soon 2 akathisia depicts
Hellingly asylum on that day.
John Rowan's interview with
Jenny James published in Self and Society, The Primal
Issue. "In London, in a 'leftwing' street of squats, we are frowned
upon ... In Ireland who we are and what we are doing shows up in far
October 1977 Joan Hughes re-isued A Directory of the Side Effects
of Psychiatric Drugs.
Autumn 1977/Spring 1978 Hackney Worker's Educational Association
course on "Mental Health and the Community" at
grew out of discussions at Centerprise about how to cope with customers
with mental health problems. For the ex-Hackney MPU members who ran it, it
grew out of a desire to create a dialogue between people of divergent
views. The principle was that people could talk without agreeing and
without compromising the purity of their respective principles.
Psychiatrists, for example, could debate with anti-psychiatrists, and
mental patients talk to mental health workers, on equal terms.
Between the autumn of 1977 and the autumn of 1984, Hackney Workers
Educational Association was involved in meetings on
psychiatry and prisons
- alternatives to prisons
) - the
local psychiatric unit - mental handicap (and the formation of
alternatives in mental health
mental distress in old age
and a series of meetings with
speakers who had physical or communication disabilities (Everybody's
Hackney). Ex Mental Patients Union members were active in all of these.
6.12.1977 Meeting arranged for this date when Manchester
Mental Patients Union would show a Panorama programme about mental illness
1978 On Our Own.
Patient-Controlled Alternatives to the Mental Health System
by Judi Chamberlin
(born New York 1944 - see American index).
Judi visited London,
Holland and Iceland
1982 - See
July 1985 -
Barker and Peck
1987 - Her book inspired
Mary O'Hagan in New Zealand -
Brackx prepares to publish a
Elsinore 1994 -
National Empowerment Center (1997?) -
Coercice Treatment Conference 2007
Start of the Anne Plumb archive
Anne Plumb to
Andrew Roberts 30.7.2007:
"I was most interested to learn of your involvement with the MPU. Did
you know any of the people involved in the Manchester MPU? I came across
their phone number at the
Grassroots Bookshop in Manchester in the
1970s - along with such publications as State and Mind (I have a copy which
reviewed Judi's Chamberlin's On Our Own when it came out in the US).
Unfortunately, by the time I got the confidence to contact them the groups
1978 Brian Davey (Nottingham) first experienced psychosis or non-
ordinary state of mind. See
Nottingham Advocacy Group -
Asylum April 1989
Asylum Spring 1991
Asylum Autumn 1991 -
Asylum Winter 1991/1992 -
1993 - Ecoworks
1978 Joyce Leeson and Judith Gray Women and Medicine
Tavistock women's series. London : Tavistock Publications,
Spring? 1978 National Women's Liberation Movement Conference
Birmingham. The last UK National WLM Conference. "Despite economic
resources, no group offers to organise a conference the following year.
Following this, all conferences are regional, identity based, and/or
2.6.1978 Report of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration
on a complaint made by Mind on behalf of
that Bill Warwick had been prevented from visiting, and also a complaint
from Mind that a letter they sent to Janet had been opened. [The
commissioner found against the complainants, but hoped better relations
would be established between Mind and Broadmoor]. A point by point reply
was made by Bill Warwick and attached to copies of the report he
September 1978 Leasehold agreement between Seymour Buildings Co-
operative and Westminster Council completed and signed. What had been a
squat became a long term tenancy.
became a tenant of Seymour Buildings at some time.
October 1978 North West Mind established with the appointment
as North West Campaigns Officer with offices in Blackburn
Liverpool. [Later combined at Preston]. Mind
already had regional bases in Cardiff, Leeds, Gateshead and Sheffield.
Mentions sixteen "active local associations for mental health in the area".
David to mobilise concerns of "mental health volunteers and professional
workers". (Mind Information Bulletin No.36. October 1978)
Manchester Mind -
North West Schizophrenia Fellowship -
October 1981 -
early 1980s? -
The North West Mind regional council brought together individuals
from local associations across the region. About 1986, Irene Harris and
Andrew Hughes, "two of the more active recipients of mental
health services" became chairperson and vice-chairperson. (email Andrew
Hughes 17.4.2010) - 1988;
North West Mind Consumer Network
1979 Nigel Rose graduated from St. Catharine's College, Cambridge,
in Social and Political Science. [OR "After finishing in 1982 he moved to
Manchester, and started working as a researcher for
Judith Gray, initially
in a voluntary capacity and then on a Manpower Services
grant. He was heavily involved in the
Getting to Know You Project, and also
developed links with the local community in preparation for the opening of
Powell Street CMHC."
North Manchester" Hospital " in  and spent several years
working with MIND in Manchester and a number of
other mental health projects. Connected to
Mind in Manchester
January 1985 to January 1999, as a development worker
[1985-1988], chair, and
1988 Hearing Voices
and 1992 Dutch
experience - Hearing Voices Newsletter editor:
1994 - Ceased May
1994 - At Mind he developed the
Schizophrenia Media Agency from December 1994 and
Inroads into employment.
January 1989 to January 2000 he worked for Manchester
City Council, first as of the Manager Mental Health Team ... [From "
1988, employed by Social Services
to manage their community support workers on
Harpurhey Resettlement Team. In
he moved to the East Manchester
CMHT, where he stayed until it was disbanded in 1998."] then as Asylum
Team Assessment officer. From May 2000 to November 2009 he was Area Manager
for Refugee Action in Manchester.
[Interview 4 See also
note under Interview 5]
About here that
Manchester Mental Patients Union published Your Rights
in Mental Hospital - A Mental Patients' Union (MPU) Pamphlet.
The contacts list includes "Crisis Centre" 437-4594" - "Anorexic Aid: Mrs
P. Hartley, 1 Pool End Cl. Macclesfield, SK10 2LD"-
"MIND 226-2623" -
"Phobic Society 881-1937" - "
PNP (people not psychiatry) 226-8089" "MPU
Address: We are trying to set up a houses, but until then contact c/o Grass
Roots Bookshop, 109 Oxford Rd., Manchester MI. Telephone 236-3112"
Frank Bangay wrote the lyrics "Pretty Girl" to a song performed
by the Fighting Pigeons
Half The Sky: An Introduction to Women's Studies
edited by the
Bristol Women's Studies Group. London: Virago, 1979. Chapter on "Bodies and
Minds" has excerpts on "Women and Mental Health" with a review (pages 95-
96) of Phyllis Chesler's
Women and Madness
(1972) and excerpts from Anne
Karpf (1978) on 'depression' and Cathy Haw and Rosie Parker (1977) on
feminist psychotherapy from Spare Rib
Allfree thirty-one. 1978/1979 may have been when Cherry obtained
her flat in Dulwich that became the centre of operations for PROMPT. The
flat is situated very close to Chris Price's constituency.
3.5.1979 Conservatives won the General Election in the
United Kingdom - Market choice and consumerism became positive themes and
state welfare was suspicious - The Conservative manifesto said
"We must do more to help people to help themselves, and
families to look after their own. We must also encourage the voluntary
movement and self-help groups working in partnership with the statutory
From May 1979, the mental patients' movement in the United Kingdom
developed in a radically different political climate. This was not only due
to the change of government, but also to new attitudes to mental patients
amongst local authorities, voluntary groups and others attempting to defend
alternative political views or threatened services. The patient as
consumer who should be listened to took a decade to enter government policy
(Griffiths Report 1989). In the meantime, our language had
changed. We were no longer
mental patients uniting, but
engaged in a
speaking out -
user involvement. Half way through the decade, mental health
users began to think
People First, the movement of people with a learning difficulty,
developed a strong autonomous existence in the United Kingdom (see
and the survivors' movement, unlike
mental patients union (see
MPU Declaration and
Mind Out 2),
developed separately. Attention to
mental distress in old age involved an alliance of patients,
carers and professionals.
Bill Warwick's pension tribunal. "I was talked out of
application to the High Court and a no no garantee, re-application for loss
of memory and concentration due to treatments".
November 1979 - 42nd Street founded
Manchester. A community mental health project
young people aged between 15-25 years, living in Manchester. [An old
website said it was founded in 1980]. Alistair Cox established 42nd Street
and directed it for over 20 years.
In 1983, 42nd Street published
Self portraits of distress: "eleven people describe their experiences
of stress and their search for understanding and support - 42nd Street, a
Youth Development Trust project", Manchester: Youth Development Trust.
96 pages. By 1986 it was funded
by the Urban Aid Programme. Published Principles into Practice. A
developmental study of a community health service. (Aileen McDermott
1986). Tried, with limited
success, to make its management structure accessible to young people in the
belief that consumers of a service, should, if they wish to, participate in
the decision making process.
2.3.1990 "42nd Street - Community based resource for young people
under stress" (Company 02476342) incorporated.
Helen Spandler was based there as a research worker from August
1994 to August 1995. The report on her research
Who's Hurting Who? Young people, self-harm and suicide
was published in
1996. 2000: Bernard Davies StreetCred?: Values and
of mental health work with young people. Leicester: Youth Work Press.
Published in association with 42nd Street. 2006 In and Out of Harm's
Way by "Alex". Manchester: 42nd Street. 15 pages.
says: provides support service to
young people experiencing stress and mental health problems.
Lawletter Quarterly magazine published by John Bagge,
then at 90 Fawcett Estate, Clapton Common, London E5 9AX, from 1979
1983 (17 issues).
21.11.1979 Nottingham Post "Plea to Ministers" - "Members of
PROPAR (Protection of Rights of Patients at
Rampton) take letter to Health Minister in London"
1980 Irren-Offensive (Lunatics' or Insane Offensive)
established in West Berlin, by survivors.
David Kessel first got to know
Howard Mingham well.
February 1980 The
National Schizophrenia Fellowship appointed a group development
officer (David Lynes?) for the North West based in Warrington
The North West Schizophrenia Fellowship split from the
National Schizophrenia Fellowship (NSF) in 1982, although the
NSF also continued to operate in some parts of North West England too.
I seem to recall that David Lynes was the 'boss' at North West Fellowship
and was a very energetic figure. I think there was considerable competition
between the Fellowship, based in Warrington, and
North West Mind,
based in Preston. I went to a meeting of the Oldham group of the NSF. It
was difficult to sit through, as it was a carer support group. People
present spent the evening comparing notes on the difficulties caused them
by their relatives with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. I do not think they
considered that the new member might have a diagnosis of his own. Ouch!
Eventually Mind and the Fellowship did find a way to collaborate and then
formed a quite considerable alliance." (email
Andrew Hughes 1.8.2009)
Campbell, aged 19, arrested in Brixton.
He died at Ashford remand centre on 31.3.1980. A preliminary inquest
attributed his death to dehydration resulting from schizophrenia (he had
been on hunger strike). Doctors talked about his "ramblings about Jah,
about going to Africa, and helping the poor". He was given Largactil and
Depixol. (Hackney People's Press March 1981). House of Commons
adjournment debate 8.8.1980
Bill Warwick planned to "swell the ranks" of
PROPAR (Protection of Rights of Patients at
Rampton) handing in their Petition to the DHSS, and then attend
meeting at 8pm: "They are taking an interest in Janet's case". However,
the PROPAR presentation was moved to 21.5.1980. "PROMPT having changed its
meetings to Tuesdays" he "slipped down" on 11.3.1980. PROMPT planned a
write up on Janet in its magazine and "may launch a campaign for her
sent to prison for seven days for failing to pay arrears of rates.
Matthew O'Hara found dead in an "MPU" house - house closed. This
was really the end of the Hackney Mental Patients Union housing. Surviving
members of Hackney MPU negotiated re-housing for the remaining tenants. The
Matthew O'Hara Committee: for Civil Liberties and
Community Care was founded in August 1981. Much of its
educational work was carried on through the
Hackney Workers Educational Association, continuing activities
that Matthew had been involved in.
Matthew O'Hara's funeral. Left 177 Glenarm Road at 3.20. Burial
Manor Park Cemetery 4.00pm.
Saturday 19.7.1980 First meeting of the State Brutality Group called by
Friends of Blair Peach. Members: Groups respecting Blair Peach,
Matthew O'Hara, Jimmy
Campbell. Next meeting not until 7.2.1981.
The State Brutality Group became
PROMPT Conference on Anti-Psychiatry at Conway Hall
23.8.1980 Death of Barry Prosser (white, aged 32) a remand prisoner
in the hospital wing of Winson Green prison, Birmingham "because he was
suffering from a mental disorder". When found dead in his cell, "he was
bruised from head to foot and died from a ruptured stomach" (Press Report
House of Commons adjournment debate 1.7.1982
- Inquest file
September 1980 "Abena Simba Tola, a young Black Rastafarian women"
released from Holloway Prison. She had "spent months in solitary
confinement and on the psychiatric wing" because of her "demands for Black
reading material and for respect and recognition of her Blcak culture and
religion" (Hackney Peoples Press March 1981)
The picture is by Abena. The article reviews three "recent cases" that
"provide distressing evidence" that Rastafarian religious beliefs were
being dianosed as schizophrenia. The other two being Steven Thompson and
December 1980 End of Newham
Alternatives to Prison (August 1974-
Decenber 1980) when Home Office funds were withdrawn. Second Chance and
Breakout: The Paper for Insiders (magazine) were established in its
(of East London Women Against Prison) and
Alan Leader ("ex-prisoner") were
members of the unpaid working collective.
International Year for Disabled People
"The United Nations International Year of Disabled People in 1981 gave the
opportunity for disabled people to find the funding to set up groups and
organisations of disabled people. The decade saw the rise of the campaign
for Anti-Discrimination legislation, the call for buildings and the
environment to be made more accessible to disabled people, and also
disabled people supporting other campaigns against oppression."
(GMCDP 2010 p.12)
"In 1980 Dorothy Whitaker who was employed by Greater Manchester Council
for Voluntary Service, was given the brief of looking at what should happen
in the International Year of Disabled people (1981) in Greater Manchester.
She met with key disabled people across Greater Manchester and was able to
introduce them to each other, so that they could share their ideas."
(source) - See
1981 British Council of Disabled People established.
"At the end of the International Year of Disabled People, a core group
continued to meet together in the evenings at the St Thomas Centre,
Manchester, and a decision was made to form an organisation that would work
across Greater Manchester and tackle any of the issues that affect disabled
The Victorian Mental Illness Awareness Council (VMIAC) was formed in 1981
during the International Year of the Disabled Persons and was incorporated
7.2.1981 Second meeting of the
Group. This time plus
Group for George Wilkinson.
Friday 6.3.1981 Adjournment debate in the House of Commons on Matthew
Day School "Psychiatry and Prisons"
jointly organised with the
Matthew O'Hara Committee.
10am to 4.30pm. 10.30am Black Prisoners. Are the members of
such as the Rastafarians treated as mentally ill? If so, is this a form of
persecution? The cases of
Richard 'Cartoon' Campbell, who died in
Abena Simba Tola, who survived, will be presented by Richard's
friends and Abena herself. 2pm Workshops: Prisons and Mental
Hospitals led by Chris Wallace of RAP. On the evolution of prisons and
special hospitals. Which offenders go to which? Does psychiatry do more
harm than good? -
wrote a report from
the Women and Broadmoor workshop introduced by
on the case of
now in Broadmoor.
23.3.1981 Official launch of CHAMH (City and Hackney Association for
Mental Health) - Later City and Hackney Mind. The association had
formed in 1980 with administrative help from the Community Psychiatric
Research Unit and under the chairmanship of Dennis Timms, chair of
City and Hackney Community Health Council. User involvement was
slow to be established. "Dr David Kessel" (a mental patient) was elected to
the executive on 12.7.1982. Meetings were open to members, and Valerie
Argent, Joan Hughes and Andrew Roberts were amongst those who attended.
Thursday 26.2.1981 New Society article on
Matthew O'Hara by
16.3.1981 Steven Thompson (black, aged 26) from Newtown, Birmingham,
released from Rampton after transfer in December 1980 from Gartree Prison,
four days before his six year prison sentence for armed robbery was due to
end. It had been alleged that his transfer to Rampton was "associated with
his Rastafarian religion and his reputation as a militant black". (Guardian
31.12.1980) - Inquest file
Janet Cresswell's 1981 Petition -
29.3.1981 Letter from
Joan Hughes - "What do you think was the success of the day
school? I saw
Janet yesterday and Dave". [Both in
Broadmoor]. Here is a proposal from Janet "This petition calls
for the repeal of the Mental Health Act and the discontinuance of
psychiatry as part of the National Health Service on the grounds that this
Act was declared inhuman and illegal by Strasbourg, and psychiatrists, in
the full knowledge of the misuse to which they and the Act have been
employed, have acted in a charlatan manner. This petition asks for:  The
reinstatement to full citisenship without mental stigma of those committed
under the Act.  The conviction through the legal system of those who
have broken the law, those suffering from nervous breakdowns without
breaking the law to be treated by neurologists without stigma.  Monies
saved by the cessation of official psychiatry and it auxiliaries (social
workers, psychiatric staff, drug industry etc) to be deployed into
providing homes of good standard and amenities for the community."
Saturday 16.5.1981 Centerprise 10th Birthday Party
20.5.1981 "The Social Worker's Dilemma"
28.5.1981 "Community Aternatives to Mental Hospitals"
17.6.1981 "Community Aternatives to Prisons"
Madness Network News Vol.6 No.2 Winter 1981 Page one:
The European Movement from an ex-inmate perspective, by Swan, an
American activist travelling in Europe.
Madness Network News
Vol.6 No.3 Summer 1981 Starting page 12: European Convention on Human
Rights and An Evening with Frits Winterwerp, by Swan.
Madness Network News Vol.6 No.4 Winter 1981-1982
Page 8: NAPA Pickets Shock Shop, Berkeley, California, by Anne Boldt
and Disabled Hold Law Conference, Toronto, Canada, by
Starting page 10: The European Movement, by Swan
Matthew O'Hara Committee and
Hackney Mental Patients' Association
Page 16: "Democratic" Psychiatry in Italy by Swan
about June 1981:
The Advocacy Alliance set up.
World Federation for Mental Health congress held in Manila,
Eugene Brody took office as President.
July 1981 Riots. Atmosphere of fear and tension in Hackney.
13.7.1981 Death of
Winston Rose, a black
electrician and amateur boxer, in Leytonstone after a struggle with police
taking him to Claybury hospital.
The Winston Rose Action Campaign was formed after his death.
An eight day inquest found on 21.10.1981 that
Winston Rose had been unlawfully killed. The Times report
(13.10.1981) notes that, at the inquest, "the public gallery was full of
Matthew O'Hara Committee News
Voices of Experience. Consumer
Perspectives of Psychiatric Treatment. North West Mind, Miller
Miller Arcade, Preston, Lancashire. 36 page pamphlet. Thurstine Basset's
25.10.1981 to 31.10.1981 Scottish Mental Health Week.
LINK announced the opening and successful development in Glasgow
of the Mental
Health Resource Centre,
LINK social clubs and the new LINK Social and
Activity Centre (to open in December)
died in a road accident. She was knocked off her bicycle by a car. Sylvia
had corresponded with and visited Janet Cresswell throughout 1981 and wanted to
campaign in some way around her situation.
Joan Hughes inserted the following notice in the Morning
Star for 1.12.1981:
"JEFFARES, Sylvia. Died suddenly in October 1981, aged 32.
Courageous fighter for women's liberation and for human rights for all
prisoners. Remembered as dear friend and comrade - Joan."
Saturday 7.11.1981. Inaugoration of Hackney Mental Patient's
Association in the basement of
Dave Kessel in the chair.
Everybody sat in a large circle and said what they thought - in turn. See
below 9.4.1982 -
July 1982. See also
Hackney Union of Mental Patients, which was, in some ways, a
Hackney Mental Health Action Group (which
included a radical social worker).
November 1981 Tony Smythe resigned as Director of Mind.
Knight, editor of
Mind Out, left to
prepare programmes for
Channel 4 in January 1982. Mind Out closed down in
February 1982. Chris
Heginbotham became National Director of Mind sometime in 1982, and
until 1988. During that time he "was an active member of the
World Federation for Mental Health" and
secured its congress for Brighton in 1985.
Barbara Poole was conference administrator from 1983.
Larry Gostin (Legal
Director) remained until 1983, when he left to run the National Council for
Civil Liberties. - Apart from the
May 1981 consumer issue, it is difficult to find any indication
of patients voices in Mind Out at this period. The periods that
Mind publications gave mental patients a platform are the
mid 1970s (under
Denise Winn) and
"When I came to the end of the notebook I bought another. By the time I
left analysis, in
2003, I had
thirteen notebooks, plus various unbound
archive,' Cora said when she saw the stack of notebooks."
(Taylor, B. 2014, p.11)
1982 saw the publication of the first major UK history of the mental
patients' movement, by
, and of Dale Peterson's collection of
historic accounts of madness by those who experienced it from the inside.
The movement also gained a new name as the USA concept of "self-advocacy"
and the older concept of "citizen advocacy" were popularised in the United
Kingdom by CMH The Campaign for Mentally Handicapped People. Judi
Chamberlin visited patient activists in Hackney and elsewhere and
The British Network of Alternatives to Psychiatry was conceived in
Brussels. Patients prepared criticism of the parts of new Mental Health
Bill that seemed to undermine voluntary treatment and Mind's
crisis saw the closure of
and the end of MIND
Information Bulletin in the form we knew it.
Psychopolitics (1982) has two parts: Part One is a
critical review of anti-psychiatry. Part Two, "Psychiatry and Liberation"
is a thoughtful review of "Mental Health Movements and Issues: A Survey and
Prospect" including a positive review of "movements among the mentally ill"
in the United States, Germany, France, Holland, Belgium, Scotland and
England. Sedgwick comments that "The continental patient-groups have found
particular inspirations in the work of the Mental Patients' Union in
A Mad People's History
of Madness compiled by
Dale Peterson includes writing by
Margery Kempe -
George Tross -
- Samuel Bruchshaw - William
Cowper - Urbane Metcalf -
John Perceval - annonymous of New York -
Elizabeth Packard - Ebenezer Haskell - Daniel Paul Schreber - Clifford
Beers - E. Thelmar - Marcia Hamilcar -
Vaslav Nijinsky - Thomas Henneall -
Carlton Brown - Anonymous of Tennessee - Mary Jane Ward - John Custance -
Lisa Wiley - Joanne Greenberg - Morag Coate - Mark Vonegut - Kenneth
Commonplace established by
Manchester Mind. See
1982 Missing Link collective formed by women housing workers
in Bristol to provide woman-only "intermediate second stage accommodation
for single homeless women of all ages". Awarded Urban Aid for five years in
April 1983 and appointed four full time workers in June 1983. By 1986 it
had five communal houses in different parts of Bristol. "Most of the women
we house come from a background of institutional care, Some have left home
or a broken relationship; others are going through a crisis in their
(Finding Our Own Solutions 1986 pages 15-16).
Hackney Action on Mental Handicap (HAMHP) formed. It included
articulate local people with a mental handicap and organised its meetings
so that they participated in discussions.
About 1982? "Society for the Advancement of Research into Anorexia,
(SARA)" founded by Clare Ockwell and her mother. Clare had herself been
anorexic and used mental health services on and off since the age of nine.
She ran the society for ten years before seeing through its merger with the
Eating Disorders Association in
1992. Clare helped to found
CAPITAL in 1997. On
1.9.2007 she came fourth, with 28 points, in the last edition of
MasterMind. Her specialist subjects were anorexia nervosa, the Duncton
novels and the rock group Genesis.
14.1.1982 The New English Mental Health Bill A
A report of a PROMPT meeting
February 1982 Final issue of
Mind Out. Mind stopped it on
financial grounds, after " run of
nine years and 58 magazines". It was replaced by
OpenMind in the spring of 1983.
March 1982: Hackney Workers Educational Association "Alternatives in
Mental Health" meeting in a series
"Alternatives" meetings organised by Sheila Rowbotham. Doug
Andrew and Valerie Roberts led this one. After the meeting someone spoke
about the idea of a course on psycho-geriatrics - This led to the Mental
Distress in Old Age course.
Tuesday 9.4.1982 Brent Community Health Council Public Meeting on
"Under Pressure - racism - no money - loneliness - inadequate
housing and transport - unemployment - fuel bill - too few nursery places -
stress - If you can't cope with the pressures in your life should you be
labelled mentally ill?"".
Andrew Roberts prepared a talk on
Approaches to Mental Distress and Insanity"
which concluded with "some of
the things that groups have done to help themselves" - Including relatives
(National Schizophrenia Fellowship mentioned), the Mental
Hackney Mental Patients Association, "a self-help group that
regular weekly social in a local day hospital and is campaigning for a
patients controlled social centre" and classes run through the Workers
May 1982 A meeting in Brussels of The International Network Of
Alternatives To Psychiatry
(Resseau Alternatif A La Psychiatrie) which led to the
formation of the
The British Network of Alternatives to Psychiatry
(external link -
archive). The British Network was
Stephen Ticktin. - See
Mind November 1985
Valerie Argent (Roberts) elected to the City and Hackney
Community Health Council on the nomination of
Hackney Mental Patients Association -
Hackney Workers Educational Association
21.7.1982 to 23.7.1982
Cosponsored Mind and World Federation for Mental
conference in London, attended by
Judi Chamberlin as a consequence of
Eugene Brody's intervention
Monday 16.8.1982 Postcard from Judi Chamberlin to Andrew and Valerie
Roberts to say she had finally made it to Iceland after illness in Holland.
visited London (staying with
MPU members), before travelling to Holland to
meet Dutch activists. She was following in the footsteps of her friend Ann
Boldt (Swan), who had frequently reported on the United Kingdom and
European movement in
Madness Network News. Judi then went on to
Iceland. She returned to the United Kingdom in 1985 as a speaker at the
World Congress of Mental Health
"Darby Penney: How did you get involved in doing international work?
Judi Chamberlin: Oh, it was just something that kind of grew. I got
invited to... well, we had met this woman from Holland who came to one of
the human rights conferences, so I had a contact there. And I got invited
to a professional meeting in England. So I got to meet some of the ex-
patients from there. And somebody else invited me to Australia.
It just kind of happened. And I never thought I'd be the kind of person who
got to travel abroad and stuff, and it was just real exciting and I loved
"Consequent to the 1982 London conference and the 1983 Congress, Judi
Chamberlin (already in Australia at the invitation of an ex-patient group),
was invited to visit WFMH member the Mental Health Foundation of New
Zealand and then to become a member of the planning committee for the 1985
WFMH World Congress in Brighton, England where, following the example of
the 1983 Congress, a section was devoted to self-help and ex-patient
(Brody 1998 p.130)
Summer 1982 Mixed
Emotions: A Collection of Angry and Peaceful Poetry
Frank Bangay's Seeing and Knowing, a poem that was
pubished in What They
Teach in Song
Bill Warwick moved from 12 Harthill Street,
Stoke on Trent to 13 Broxton Avenue, West Kirby, Wirral, Merseyside. He
moved to help his
mother, Margaret Sinclair Williams (born 1902, who was becoming housebound
with arthritis. She died November 1985 in Birkenhead.
6.9.1982 (Successful) Application of Dave Leadbetter and Tony Ward
to be joint workers for
Inquest. Both were working for Radical Alternatives to Prison
and both were members of the Matthew O'Hara Committee. They thought Inquest
should "relate ... what happens in prisons and psychiatric institutions to
what happens in the police station and the street" and called for "good
communications" with the "black community". In a special report in 1989,
they wrote "Afro-Carribean people are markedly over represented among those
people who die in custody following violent incidents (other than shooting)
involving the police". Of eight such deaths in London since 1980 six were
Afro-Carribean, one Turkish and one white.
Saturday 11.9.1982 The Annual General Meeting of
CMH The Campaign for Mentally Handicapped People, in London, was
devoted almost entirely to "Discussion of Self-Advocacy and the role for
CMH in this movement" (Invitation letter from Morag Plank July 1982).
We Can Speak for Ourselves. Self-Advocacy by Mentally
People, by Paul Williams and Bonnie Shoultz, published in
The USA earlier in the year, was available at this meeting. [See
Frank Bangay's Solidarity Poster. This was sold as A4
photocopied sheets. It has been sold and given a way in various formats
since. The last stanza is
"We cried together last night, but our tears were in
solidarity with the sadness in the world,
and through our solidarity through our tears we
Another image and words leaflet self-published at this time was "Woman on a
Park Bench with Birds"
25.10.1982 Dina Ibrahim born in Sudan. Her mother is a leading
against female genital mutilation, her father is the architect of the
Ahfad University for Women. She is a descendant of
Babikir Badri, who established education for women in Sudan in
her early teens, Dina came with her immediate family to live in London. She
remained here whilst maintaining links with her extended family in the
and the middle east. Her experience of the world was a succession of deep
depression and elation, but mostly depression. Overcoming the problems this
created, she studied Sociology at Middlesex University and graduated in
2012. Dina died in Egypt on
Friday 24.2.2017. She was 34 years old, and one of the youngest
active members of the Survivors History Group. Dina became involved with
the group when she helped with the Mental Health Training and Education
conference at Middlesex University in September 2009. People may also
remember her selling the Asylum relaunch issue at our Pageant of Survivor
History at Kingsley Hall in March 2010. After she graduated, she was
planning to work on her life story exploring what it is to be a survivor in
the Sudan and in London. Her survivor history activities included attending
the Birmingham seminar on "heath through history" in July 2010 and, with
her cousin Hagir, a remberance of survivor poet Howard Mingham in 2014. In
February 2015, Dina and Andrew Roberts wrote a report on the paintings of
Mary Barnes, which Dina found expressed powerful emotions.. "If I could
have expressed what I was feeling so openly", Dina wrote, "I might have
overcome a lot of issues". When prevented by her mental life from attending
meetings, Dina would sometimes find another way to participate, on one
occasion speaking to everyone via her mobile. She had planned to come to
our meeting in January 2017, but decided to fly to Egypt to stay with part
of her family. She is buried in the Sudan, under the orange sun over the
river Nile, which she loved.
Tuesday 2.11.1982 Launch of Channel 4 (UK Television) to cater for
minority interests not met by the mainstream channels.
A demonstration video,
Oppression, was produced to make the case to Channel 4 for a
programme. This led, eventually, to
We're Not Mad We're
November 1982 Eighth World Congress of the International League
of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicap, held in Nairobi, was the
first to fully involve people with mental handicaps. Thirty participants
with mental handicaps came from Canada, England, France, Gaza, Germany,
Kenya, Norway, Sweden and the USA. They spoke seven languages. They held
their own discussions on the way they wanted to live, but made a
presentation to the plenary session and made recommendations to the closing
session. (CMH Newsletter 3, Spring 1983, pages 7-8)
Sometime between 25.12.1982 and 31.12.1982
was released from Pentonville Prison after serving a three week sentence
for theft and possessing an offensive weapon.
1983 to 1985
studying at Royal Holloway, University
1983 Ted Curtis born
Karen Buck, a senior disability officer Hackney Borough Council from 1983
Manic Depression Fellowship started. (Later MDF The BiPolar
Link to website - See
Manic Depression 1996 -
On Our Own Terms 1997 -
Strategies for Living 1997 -
Meeting of Survivor Groups 2.3.2000 -
web archive started September 2000 - MDF The BiPolar
Organisation: September 2005
British Network of Alternatives to Psychiatry ran from
to 1988 (dates given by Stephen Ticktin in
1991). Speaking of the importance of the British Network
(May 2008), Peter
Campbell said it "brought radical survivors and radical
Stephen Ticktin Asylum Summer
describes himself as one of the founders and says "it was a loose
affiliation of users and mental health workers who met on a monthly basis
for purposes of both consciousness raising and campaigning. A number of
working parties formed around particular issues such as the law, women,
ECT, and major tranquillisers. In addition several study days
were held ...
one on the
Closure of the Mental Hospitals, in 1985, and another
on ECT and major tranquillisers, in 1987"
Peter Campbell said (May
that it included forceful characters
, who had both
recently completed their Ph.D. theses (Shulamit in
1972). David was very important because of his trade
union and political links. He got users into the Houses
of Parliament and into conferences in Chesterfield
organised around Tony Benn. These links were lost
after David left.
1983 minutes of the Greater Manchester Disability Action Group
(foreunner of the
Greater Manchester Coalition of Disabled People) record that
they changed their name from the
Independent Living Group (facilitated by the fieldworker at the
Greater Manchester Council for Voluntary Service) because one of the
problems of encouraging new members was that the concept of
independent living was new and relatively unknown to many disabled
people. (email Anne Plumb 26.9.2010)
12.1.1983 Death of
Colin Roach at about 11.25pm inside the foyer of Stoke Newington
police station, from a single gunshot wound through the mouth. Early press
reports said Colin had committed suicide and had a history of mental
8.2.1983 Royal Assent to the
1983 Representation of the People Act. The possibility of staff
organising mental patients to vote worried those members of parliament
whose constituencies contained large mental hospitals. This fear was
assuaged by requiring registration from one's previous address. The
movement towards enfranchising long-stay mental patients must have had some
effect on the willingness of policy makers to listen to patients.
February/March 1983 First edition of OpenMind
Mind Out. It was launched and edited by Anny
Brackx who, at this time, had been a journalist for about nine years. It
was redesigned and relaunched in
1997 under the editorship of
Sara Dunn (now described as Executive Editor). Kathryn Perry
became editor in
was during 1983 that Barbara Poole became
Mind's conference office, which, I think, was part
of the Training and Education Department (Tessa Jowell head). The tutors
were Corrine Brewer, Charles Patmore, Chris Borne, then Auborn Wiseman.
Peter Campbell has suggested that much of the rapid change in Mind
with respect to user participation was due to the tutors' interest in this.
March 1983 to August 1983 Coventry Crisis Intervention Team initial
six months. [It was continued]. There was a "Follow Up Consumer Survey - 1
month after the closure of our research cases". - The "first fifty
consumers" were asked to
"share their views of the service they had been offered"
(Ann Davis, December
1988) - "After feedback from the Consumer Research" the length
of time clients could be seen for was increased from 6-8 to 10-12 weeks.
[March 1984 report from S.M. Newton, Project Leader]
- Featured in Speaking
9.5.1983 Royal Assent to the
1983 Mental Health Act (England and Wales)
June/July 1983 Ron Lacey,
in Open Mind claims that mental patients in France, Italy
and Holland have organised lobbies. Contrasts unfavourably with England. -
Also a letter form Peter Campbell.
July 1983 Laura Mitchison born. See
August/September 1983 Peter Cambell
in Open Mind
found dead near his home in Shipley, York
September 1983 - November 1985
Mental Distress in Old Age (Hackney)
Peter Campbell moved to Cricklewood [33 Lichfield Road, London,
NW2"] and became
Camden Mind as a "volunteer" almost at once.
David Hill was not the
director at Mind in
Camden at that time.
"The material for the
"Psychiatric Oppression" video was shot
over a period of time (after Autumn 1983 as my bit was shot in my flat in
Cricklewood) and was
We're Not Mad We're Angry, but when it was actually edited
together into the video I am not quite sure" (Peter Campbell)
Monday 24.10.1983 Chamh Annual General Meeting at Shoreditch Health
Centre. Amongst those nominated and seconded for the executive were a
number of patient activists who were taking a leading role in suggesting
resolutions to organisational problems associated with the way Chamh had
been generated within the system (Community Psychiatric Unit) and did not
have complete control of its own affairs. Those elected included
David Kessel and Valerie (Argent) Roberts. Also active at the
meeting were John Wilson,
Andrew Roberts and
Joan Hughes. The
patient reformers brought in Felicity Tregear (not a patient) to attempt to
sort out Chamh's finances.
October 1983 Registration in West Berlin of Wildwasser EV
Berlin, a self-help group of women who had experienced
sexual violence during their childhood, brought together by two survivors
in 1982. (Alternatives)
Thomas Ritchie died 122 Huddleston Road, Tuffnel Park, London,
N7 OEG. [Last known address in MPU records matches Probate record].
"Administration Brighton 15 May Not exceeding £40000" [I would be
suprised if Tommy had any significant money. Brighton suggests
John Ritchie, his brother from Crawley, wound up his affairs].
of Mind. Members of Glasgow
Link Clubs attended and were somewhat amazed
and angry that none of the presentations, seminars or workshops were
presented by patients. They made
their own presentation in
December/January 1983/1984 Peter Cambell
in Open Mind "Open Mind seems to be heavily weighted in
favour of the expert".
Mental Health Services Project, Chesterfield
Tontine Road Centre
North Derbyshire Mental Health Services Project
Contact Support Group
Andrew Milroy and Rick Hennelly prepared a background paper "Exploiting
Infinity" for the Mind Annual Conference in
another, "Changing our Ways", for the Mind Annual Conference in
published by "Mental Health Services Project, Chesterfield".
Rick Hennelly (1988)
, page 210, refers to these as "earlier
descriptions of the service and the tensions between ideology and practice"
From beside the Chesterfield Community Centre in Tontine Road
one can look up at the famous bent spire. The centre houses a large number
of projects, one of which was a North Derbyshire Mental Health Services day
centre for people becoming reestablished in the community. In the
mid-1980s this became run on increasingly democratic lines and was known as
the Contact Support Group [first half of 1985] -
Ivy Buckland from
the centre was the
Survivors Speak Out Treasurer.
Ernie Morris, another user, produced the
first Survivors Speak Out newsletter. Rick Hennelly, a social worker
at the centre was very active in the formation of
Survivors Speak Out
Camden Mental Health Consortium (CMHC), possibly not with
that name, was founded in 1984. in response to the planned closure of
(Campbell, P. 1987)
Diana Rose "became part of the fledgling service
user/survivor movement in the UK" by joining Camden Consortium. See
The first Draft Constitution for Consortium is
dated 1985, before the MIND conference. It contains no provision for users
to be the only members, or a special, full category of member but refers to
promoting a 'strong consumer voice'. (
Rose, D. 2000).
Survivors Speak Out: See
summer 1986 Asylum) -
"Don't ask me why people in Survivors Speak Out should live in Camden"
Rose, D. 2000)
Before September 1987?
1987 "Giants and Goblins. A Description of Camden Consortium's
Campaign to Change Statutory Plans" -
Peter Campbell was
"Public Relations Officer of Camden Consortium and secretary of Survivos'
Speak Out. - Camden Mental Health Consortium's address was c/o Emma Baatz,
8 Burgess Hill, London, NW2 2WA
The group remained active
until 2009, describing itself as "the largest User Group in
the London Borough of Camden. Its members are people who use or have used
the Mental Health services and live or work in the Borough. Associate
Members are people or organisations who for some reason have an interest in
the Mental Health Services provided in the Borough and support the
objectives of CMHC. Membership is free."
Schizophrenia and Human Value (based on
Anne Rogers graduated from the Polytechnic of Central London.
She took her M.Sc at Bedford College. "Subsequently I gained employment as
a research officer in the Legal Department of National Mind, exploring the
implementation of Section 136 of the Mental Health Act and became
interested in a broad range of mental health issues including civil
commiment, coercion, drug treatments and user involvement".
(external link) -
29.3.1984 Birth of Mark Gallagher. Using material from
the archives, which we copied for him in
June 2012, Mark
wrote about the
Scottish Union of Mental Patients formed in 1971. The Survivors
History Group will be discussing his work in London in
May 1984 Death of
Peter Barnes (aged 58) registered Camden, London. Living in a
Camden hostel at the time, he died in hospital after a sudden coronary.
Mary was living "in the flat in Devon". She arranged the Requiem Mass in a
church in Kentish Town. "many people from where he worked and from where he
lived, came to the funeral. Joe and Leon were there, and people who knew us
both when we were children". Their parents had died.
Ruth was in South Africa and
Dorothy in Australia. Mary arranged for the flowers from Ruth
and Dorothy. "It was a very beautiful service".
(Barnes and Scott
Wednesday 9.5.1984 C. Heginbotham and Chris Shaw from
Social Services Committee. No mention of consumer's voice. Miss
Shaw spoke about
annual conferences directed towards a very large
professional audience with topical themes each year, for example
the forthcoming one is going to be on the whole range of after
care and is
there life after mental illness and the rehabilitation services which are
available" (SSC 1985
volume 2, page 142).
Wednesday 16.5.1984 Alison Wertheimer, Tom McLean and Derek Thomas
Campaign for Mentally Handicapped People
Social Services Committee. The memorandum submitted by the group
contained recommendations (SSC
volume 2, pages 190-191), including
1) All policy-making and planning ... should take the principle of
normalisation as the starting point
2) Consumer involvement Far greater consumer involvement is needed
at all levels of service planning, management and delivery. The consumer is
primarily the person with mental handicap although some people may also
need or wish others (families, friends) to advocate on their behalf. We
should like to see much greater support for the growing self-advocacy
movement in this country."
mental handicap schemes
are on the move ... mental illness schemes remain ... stuck in the ...
Hackney Mental Health Action Group formed "by local patients,
ex-patients and other people".
Doug Tilbury, a
Hackney Social Worker who had been a friend of Hackney Mental Patients
Union, was a key person in this group. Apart from Doug, the activists I
remember were patients: Including Cathy Pelican [Pelikan?] -
Ian Ray-Todd -
Lisa Haywood -
Jim Read -
David Kessel - Jim
has suggested that the group was a spin-off from the Hackney
Day Hospital Patients Committee - But that does not fit the
Saturday 23.6.1984 Launch of
The Phoenix patients' publication at the "Conference on
Normality, Normalism and Mental Health" - alternatively billed as Phoenix
Cooperative Discussion on "Mental Health and Illness".
2pm-6pm Stoke Newington Community
Centre, Old Fire Station, Leswin Road, N16.
July 1984 Death of
Michael Martin in Broadmoor. "Died after being stripped,
injected with antipsychotics and placed in seclusion".
August 1984 Women and Mental Health group meeting in Hackney
1.8.1984 Following an overdose, Valerie (Argent) Roberts was admitted to Hackney
Hospital. Discarded poems were rescued from the waste paper bin. She was a
psychiatric inpatient until November, after which she was a day patient for
several years. This was a period of poetic and organisational creativity.
The organisational creativity may have been helped by her being a
Community Health Council member. - See
Day Hospital Patients Committee
26.9.1984 The Guardian: "'The agony of tranquillity': Jim
Read and Kath Arnold, who both once took tranquillisers and now run groups
for users, cite Tamara's case to show the pitfalls of withdrawal and how to
cope with them". - See -
October/November 1988 -
Survivors Speak Out -
- 1996 employed on Open University
2003: On Our
Own Terms -
22.10.1984 to 23.10.1984
Mind Annual Conference (Kensington
Town Hall). Theme "Life after Mental Illness? Opportunities in
an Age of
Unemployment" - Possibly the first
with a user presentation (By members of
Glasgow Link clubs) - Also
Chesterfield presentation. The conference notices mention three
"special features" this year:
- Greater opportunity for conference members to make their own
contribution to the conference.
- Particular attention to the potential of voluntary groups like MIND
- Listening to what former sufferers from mental illness say about what
really matters where life after mental illness is concerned.
1.11.1984 Community Care "Not so tranquil" by Kath Arnold and
Jim Read. It ends: "The Government recently announced life
sentences for heroin pushers. What is to be done about the entirely legal,
highly profitable and even more destructive trade in tranquillisers?"
November 1984 A reading and celebration of the life of
Howard Mingham, who had died in June (possibly earlier).
Emmy van Deurzen on Twitter gives the date as 1.4.1984]
end of 1984 Conference in
Wakefield, West Yorkshire, on plans to close the mental
hospitals. It "became apparent" that an open, democratic, forum for debate
about all mental health issues was needed and, out of this, the magazine
Asylum was conceived
In the United Kingdom, the mid 1980s saw a revitalisation of locally
organised democratic organisations of mental patients, linked together in
networks. Support and funding for these developments from national
organisations, notable Mind, meant that the movement had the
grow and that some user/survivors could develop a career as advocates of
one kind or another.
Something exciting beginning to happen?
. The perception of dramatic national change, between
and the summer of 1986, focused on
, was the subjective experience of
moving from "isolation" to being "privileged at conferences". Peter
argued, in the summer of 1986, that his subjective experience mirrored "the
comparative rapidity of the consumer movement's advance out of obscurity"
(A View from the
, by Peter Campbell
Summer 1986, pages 8-9
For four years prior to 1989 (An
October 1989 Report) "the development team at
Good Practices in
Mental Health (GPMH)... focused on establishing district-wide
mental forums. Examples include the
Islington Forum, Lewisham Users Forum
and, most recently, Connections in Harrow"
Winter 1984/1985 - Hackney Day Hospital Patients Committee
established. [Note that in
said this had existed for "2+ years"]. Those active in estabishing this
included (I believe)
Valerie (Argent) Roberts - Sheila Nash - Connie - Kathy
(Cathy Pelikan?) and
Alan Leader joined sometime later.
Alan Hartman went to Manchester. See
Terry Simpson "After my last hospitalisation ... I told my
doctor I intended to stop takin psychiatric drugs. He laughed and said I
would be ill for the rest of my life... For two weeks I had horrible flu-
like symptoms... Then quite suddenly I felt better". Terry was helped by
the "healing space" of a
co-counselling group whose "other members were a teacher, a
general practitioner (family doctor), and a student about to become a
university lecturer, who all had experience of being a patient in a mental
health institution" weblink provided -
Aware "formed in 1985 by a group of interested patients, relatives
mental health professionals, whose aims are to assist that section of the
population whoses lives are directly affected by depression".
Greater Manchester Coalition of Disabled People founded.
One of its founders was
Ken Lumb. -
External link to website -
National Archive snapshot 26.1.2012
Frank Bangay's Stigma No.3, a poem that was published in
What They Teach in
Song - "You see, I believe in causing a fuss - at least we
can... make someone think".
28.1.1985 Social Work Today 'Fighting mad' by
Jim Read, who describes it as his "personal manifesto" and
comments that he "cannot imagine getting such an article into a
professional journal today". It ends "But what will also be required is a
challenge to the basic structures of our social, political and economic
system. Capitalism depends too much on turning love and happiness into rare
commodities. The change we want, the wresting back of control over our
lives, will come more readily if everyone recognises the part the mental
health system plays in keeping us all in place, and we challenge it at
30.1.1985 Printing of the
Second Report from the Social Services Committee - 1984-1985 session - on
"Community Care with special reference to adult mentally ill and mentally
handicapped people". [Government response was Series: Cmnd.;
Consumer voice paragraph 31:
"...we have had difficulty in hearing the authentic voice of
the ultimate consumers of community care. There have been considerable
advances in techniques designed to enable and encourage mentally ill or
handicapped people to speak for themselves... But there is a long way to
go. Services are still mainly designed by providers and not users, whether
families or clients, and in response to blueprints rather than in answer to
demand. Matching the service to the consumer rather than vice versa should
be the one central aim of community care in the future. We recommend
all agencies responsible ensure that plans for services are devised with as
well as for mentally disabled people and their families"
Consumer view paragraph 148:
"Too little attention has been paid in the past to the views of
those most closely affected by the policy of community care - mentally ill
and mentally handicapped people and their families... Many of the less
severely disable are able to express their needs and wishes most
articulately, as the Committee saw and heard on visits. For those unable to
express their own wishes, some form of advocacy may be very helpful."
We recommend that the Department lay an obligation on authorities to
ascertain so far as practicable, and give due consideration to, the wishes
and feelings of mentally disabled individuals for whom a service is
provided, and in particular where closure of a long-stay facility is
contemplated. We also recommend that efforts be made to facilitate the
participation of individual mentally disabled people in the planning and
management of services
[Bold in original. In examining the report and the evidence, it is clear
that the impetus for the "consumer view" did not come from organisations
from organisations like Campaign for Mentally
, and from the Committee itself.]
"the idea of a Consumer Network has been around for some time and was in
fact presented to the policy committee in
January 1985. The idea was
endorsed by the Council of Management in
(Ballot 1 Autumn 1986) - See
Autumn 1986 - Summer
MIND Consumer Network (idea for)
PROMPT changed its name to
16.3.1985 British Network for
Psychiatry Study day on Closure of the Mental Hospitals ("in
which we looked at the processes and objectives of current plans for the
closure of large psychiatric institutions.)
11.4.1985 Annual General Meeting of the Grimsby Cleethorpes and
District Local Association for Mental Health Presentation of
Life after Mental Illness
Education and Action Group. In Inside Out Issue 8, p.5,
Christine Cowan) adds that the show will be presented at
Brighton in July. "Graham Kennedy, Christine Cowan and Thomas
Graham who appear on the slide show have been invited to participate in the
conference along with LINK/GAMH's Assistant Director, Jo Burns. All will be
taking an active role in the presentation and anticipate a lively audience
discussion afterwards. The... Congress... is a unique opportunity for users
of psychiatric services to air their views and be taken seriously. Money is
the real problem for financing the trip, and any donations would be greatly
appreciated. Please send to Education and Action Group, LINK/GAMH, 2
Queen's Crescent. Glasgow". It is not clear if they got to Brighton. Jo
Burns spoke on "New Approaches to Women and Mental health in Scotland".
Summer 1985 Family History Group at the Hackney Day Hospital
(Mondays). Members co-counselled for support. Each drew up a family chart
and a chronology of his or her life.
Valerie Argent's work has fed into
July 1985 British Network for
Psychiatry paper "How would you plan a psychiatric service in
Britain, and for what end?"
World Congress of Mental Health in Brighton.
Speaking from Experience - a video about user involvement
compiled and presented by
Thurstine recalls that in 1985 there was very little interest in the
training video and in service user participation amongst the mental health
professions. This was "not on their agenda and if anything they were
opposed to the idea".
conference organiser, was concerned that not enough service users would
come to the Patients to
conference in November. To help, Thurstine phoned a day
centre in Brighton, which was known to be quite radical, and spoke to the
manager. He asked her if she could get together a group of staff and
service users to go to the conference. She was not keen and he thinks her
response "but we go to conferences to get a break from the clients" says a
lot about staff attitudes at the time.
The following is the text of a handwritten leaflet distributed at the
conference by some ex-patients from Holland:
The Congress Mental Health 2000 is supporting injustice
by not rejecting 'expert' knowledge of psychiatrists
By calling human suffering illness the oppression is obscured.
Consumers are not mad, BUT ANGRY
By continuing the idea that you can talk for somebody else.
Make it possible for all consumers movements to come and to speak for
The need to change all this will be really helped by:
- no 'generous' moneygiving to some consumers (the English
hidden away between the entrance and the elevator).
GIVE FREE ENTRANCE TO ALL CONSUMERS
and offer to share all their costs
- not only rational stilted talks but moveable emotional/warm meetings too,
where you can shout, scream, touch, cry, to express your anger!
- TO CHOOSE TO CONFRONT the Conflicts rather than to pretend
"harmony". Conflicts are necessary to change unequality, which is denied.
But: out of their 'expert' superior position psychiatrists define real
conflicts as "personal problems".
It is significant that the elitist nature of the Congress is reflected in
its having been held at such venues as the Brighton Cnference Centre and
hotel Metropole etc. Why not organise it during the holidays in empty
school buildings, where each group can cook once??
Joyce, Monique, Aukje, Doetie
Translated and corrected by Siobhan Kilgurriff
Monique vld Mye / ex-consumer, worker in "patient movement"
Doetie Bakker / starter of some mad things, no more consumer
Aukje Westra / have been "mad", now working for "opatients" councils
Joyce Huugland / starter of a run away house, unemployed full of activities
3.7.1985 Peace News "To be ourselves - challenging the abuses
of psychiatry" by Jim Read. It included a list of resources such as the
Speaking from Experience -
We're not Mad - We're Angry [??] -
attended a branch meeting of Hackney Workers
Educational Association to discuss running a class on
"Your Mind in their Hands - Politics of Mental Health" at
course ran on Tuesdays from 17.9.1985.
Summer 1985 Ceramic Hobs band started. Members are largely current
or ex-psychiatric patients. Bedrooms and Knobsticks in 1988
contained one of their songs. After 1988 their existence ceased until
relaunched in 1995. Four albums since - Psychiatric Underground
(1998), Straight outta Rampton (2001), Shergar is home safe and
well (2004) and Al Al Who.
The critique by Deni is quoted in the sleeve notes of
Shaolin Master (2002), a song from Straight outta Rampton
on a 7". See
5.9.1985 Victoria Helen Smith born.
External link to biography
OpenMind No 17 "Getting Back to the
Starting Line" - Jim
Read's personal story about being in
The Cassel therapeutic
community, with some more general comment about its strengths and
Monday 8.10.1985 Chamh Annual General Meeting at Shoreditch Health
Jim Read had been appointed as Chamh's (first) counsellor and
was due to start in November.
Wednesday 20.11.1985 Mental Distress in Old Age: Time for
Action published by City and Hackney Community Health Council.
1995/1996 was the official start of the survivor movement in England
That is - it is the date that has been celebrated as the start by bodies
Mind and the
Centre for Excellence in Birmingham.
Thursday 28.11.1985 and Friday 29.11.1985
From Patients to People
Charlie Reid (left) -
Elvira Ridley (top) -
Thomas 'Tam' Graham (front) - Kathy (top right) - and
Vince Edkins (far right), members of Glasgow
Link group, feature on the cover
Social Work Today on Monday 9.12.1985. With Viorel Vernea, they had
made a presentation at the
Mind conference in Kensington Town Hall.
With them in the photograph are (centre) Jo Burns, a
Glasgow Link clubs - and a gentleman we have
not identified (bottom right) who is holding the slides used to make the
presentation. They are sitting on the steps of
Kensington Town Hall after making the presentation.
4.12.1985 Lord Ennals in the House of Lords: "a two-day
conference organised last week by MIND, under the heading "Patients become
People"... I believe that people who are patients must be consulted about
their own future. They are people as well as patients... There is no
question of patient power. It is saying that patients are people. They
should be consulted about their own future. Often of course they are in no
position to decide their own future, but they should be consulted about
it... full consumer participation in service planning and delivery should
take place as of right
Lord Mottistone House of Lords: "I have here
the programme of the
conference that he chaired last week. I must confess that the titles of the
subjects spoken about frighten me. It seemed to be a conference more on the
politics of civil liberties than on care for the mentally disabled."
December/January 1985/1986 Peter Cambell
in Open Mind "It seems MIND wants to run things on their
terms. It is MIND for the mentally ill not MIND with the mentally ill."
Finding Our Own Solutions: Women's experience of mental health care
by Women in Mind, published by Mind in 1986.
Mentions - Women's therapy in
Yorkshire begining 1979 (pages 77-81) -
White City Estate, West London, project, initiated by Sue Holland in 1980
(pages 81-83) - Birmingham Women's Counselling and Therapy Centre, planned
1981-1983 (pages 84-85) - Bristol
Women and Mental Health (first open
meeting 1984) generated
Womankind (pages 102-103) - 1983 Scottish
Women's Health Fair and Glasgow Women's Health Fair (pages 103-104) -
Islington Women and Mental Health (grant 1983). Jan Wallcraft -
Womantalk, York, Summer 1985, the first women's studies class for
women receiving psychiatric treatment. Organised by Marilyn Crawshaw. A
second class started in Leeds. (pages 71-4). -
Bristol Women's Therapy Centre was established in 1986 as a
registered charity. "We provide counselling, group therapy and on-going
support to women in the Bristol area" (2009).
Finding Our Own Solutions 1986 description: .
Woman and Mental Health group set up in May
1985 to explore funding possibilities secured "funding under the DHSS
Helping the Community to Care scheme". Womankind is "based at
the university settlement in Bristol"
[website] "accountable to the settlement but
managed by a separate committee". Aims to provide effective mental health
resources for women - to initiate self-help groups - to assess need
accurately - to promote health - to provide information - to liaise with
other agencies. "It is a multi-racial project which aims to confront
racism, oppressive stereotypes and prejudices of all kinds. Womankind
evolved because women from different backgrounds wanted to gain an overall
picture of how women are seen and treated inside and outside the mental
health system. We hoped to develop and understanding of what it is about
women's lives that leads so many to seek help from the medical, psychiatric
and social services." "There are three paid workers - two development
workers (one black, one white), and a coordinator".
(Finding Our Own Solutions pages 102-103)
August 1988 description: A women
and mental health self-help project, employing workers with special
responsibility for working [with?] Black women and women from other ethnic
minorities, a volunteer coordinator and a worker helping woman coming off
tranx. Support for self-help groups, information, contacts, workshops,
talks on women's mental health needs, drop-in groups, resources for black
women. (Mindwaves August 1988)
Summer 1986 -
Address List May 1988 -
Bristol Crisis Service for Women
"Bristol Crisis Service for Women is a voluntary organisation and a
charity. We were set up in 1986, to support women in emotional distress.
We particularly help women who harm themselves (often called self-injury).
This is how some people cope with their feelings and problems."
(source old website, now redirects -
Founder members included
Maggy Ross and Diane Harrison."for the first time in my life"
[I] "met other people who self-injured. I no longer felt a freak, I found
some people who understood because they shared similar experiences" (Diane
Notes from Mark Cresswell:
1986 - a group of women , mostly self-harmers, meet under the
auspices of BWMHN
[Bristol Women and Mental Health?]. At this stage the membership
the group seems to
have been Maggy Ross, Diane Harrison, 'Jane', 'Sally', 'Holly' and
'Anne' (see Ross, 1988).They provide mutual support and 'begin to
discuss the possibility of starting a telephone crisis line run
exclusively by women for women facing these crises' (Ross, 1988: 46; see
also Harrison [in Pembroke], 1994: 8).
1987 - this planning and support continue.
Tamsin Wilton (1995 p.28) informs
us that she was "active in setting up and running the helpline from
January 1988 Telephone crisis line
1986 Brent Mental Health User Group (BUG)
"is one of the oldest independent user groups in the country. The
organisation was set up in 1986 by local people using services in Brent to
deal with mental health issues and has since continued to go from strength
2017 a good archive!
Ealing Mental Health Action Group
Probably 1986 that
David Hill became director at Mind in Camden. "He is
signing himself as director in early 1987" (Peter Campbell)
January 1986 A series of weekend meetings at Minstead Lodge in the
New Forest were paid for by the
on the initiative of
Survivors Speak Out was set up. The first meeting
(24.1.1986-26.1.1986) was of
about twenty people - much larger numbers came to later ones
January 1987 - and
1987). Users of a
Chesterfield day centre were bused down, picking up people from Nottingham
on the way.
[Interview 11 in
Contesting Psychiatry]. The Chesterfield
connection was an important point in establishing the
autumn 1987 event at Edale
the King's Fund Centre remained an ally, and the King's Fund Centre
continued to make a financial contribution to Survivors Speak Out for a
period of at least four years
(Anne Plumb). Lorraine described an animated discussion in which
name Survivors Speak Out was decided on - with survivor defined as
"survivors of a mental health system which eroded our
confidence and dignity, and survivors of difficult life experiences which
took us into the system
(Power in Strange Places p.16)"
Until 1988, Survivors Speak Out was the main network available to mental
health service users.
. The National Advocacy
Network (later UKAN) in
1986, but only became a network in the 1990s.
Survivors Speak Out
Peter Campbell February 2010
Peter was active in the formation of Survivors Speak Out
(from the November 1985 preliminary meeting). He was its first "Newssheet"
editor (from summer 1986) and played a lead role at Edale in September
1987. He was (formally) elected Secretary at the first Annual General
Meeting in September 1988.
Louise Pembroke was elected Education Officer. Peter appears to
have remained Secretary and (with assistance) Newssheet editor, until 1996,
when Louise became secretary.
Survivors Speak Out was founded early in
1986. For more than
ten years it was an important networking organisation for the
It owes its foundation to concerns that no UK service were represented at
World Federation for Mental Health conference in Brighton in the
summer of 1985. Some
money was found to enable two [?] meetings of
allies to take place and at the second of these, at
Minstead Lodge in the New Forest, the organisation was
established and its name chosen. [The name was chosen at the
January 1986 meeting - the first at Minstead Lodge.]
Survivors Speak Out had an individual membership with groups being able to
affiliate. There were two categories of individual membership - survivor
ally, an ally being someone who supported the group's aims and
objectives but did not define themselves as survivors/service users. A
number of allies played an important role in helping the organisation get
on its feet but when the constitution was developed
1988] and voted through allies were given no vote at AGMs and
could not stand for the coordinating
1990]. Nevertheless, Survivors Speak Out
continued to have an ally
membership throughout the remainder of the 1980s and the 1990s.
The main objectives of the organisation in the beginning was to produce a
newsletter [Began summer 1986] and, most importantly, to
organise a national
survivor activists could come together. This eventually took place over a
Edale Youth Hostel in the Peak District in the autumn of
The event was important as it brought people from different parts of the UK
together for the first time. About 100 people attended, including a small
number of allies. Not all the attendees were members of Survivors Speak
Charter of Needs and Demands was unanimously agreed and a public
statement opposing Community Treatment Orders was also agreed.
In the months following the Edale Conference it became clear that Survivors
Speak Out did
not have the resources to adopt a regional structure. Apart from anything
Mindlink was fast developing, building on
Mind's [then] regional structure.
Nevertheless, Survivors Speak Out played an important part in spreading the
word about the
possibilities of "self-advocacy" by sending speakers to local events where
service users were discussing action and by producing and selling a
Self-Advocacy Action Pack [early 1989] with practical
advice about how to set up and run a
local action group.
Although Survivors Speak Out had coordinating group members from different
parts of the
country, most of its core group came from London and the South East. As a
result it was often seen as a London group. For the first few years
organisation had no office or paid worker but operated from the Secretary's
Eventually it acquired an
an information worker 
who ran an information service. She was later joined by an administrative
worker. Throughout its history Survivors Speak Out was being run on
relatively small funds.
Gloria Gifford was Information
Network Co-ordinator from 1992 to 1996.
In addition to the Self-Advocacy Action Pack, Survivors Speak Out produced
Eating Distress  -
Stopovers on my Journey Home From Mars  (a
comparison of service user/survivor action in the USA, United Kingdom and
Self Harm: Perspectives From Personal Experience .
The latter was
the most successful publication, proving to be a pioneering work that is
still in demand.
Survivors Speak Out was more involved in facilitating action than in
traditional campaigning. It did campaign and lobby to promote "self-
advocacy". It did not, by and large, have agreed policies that it
campaigned around. One exception to this is compulsion and the Mental
Health Act where the group was always active, opposing any extension of
compulsory powers in the Act. For some years it seemed that its work was
helping to slow the move towards greater compulsory power but eventually,
the 2007 amendments to the Mental Health Act, including the introduction of
Community Treatment Orders proved a defeat for its long-held position. A
position it shared with much of the service user/survivor movement.
Survivors Speak Out's influence waned towards the end of the 1990s. This
was partly due to an inability to effectively replace the original core
group when they stood back from involvement and partly due to funding
drying up. It seems that Survivors Speak Out was never formally wound up
but it no longer plays an active part in the survivor movement as we enter
the second decade of the new millennium.
Nottingham Patients Council Support Group. This group led
to the establishment of
Mapperley Patients Council in September 1986
Nottingham Advocacy Group in 1987 - [See
On Our Own Terms
2003 Table 4 says this was an early example of the "first
patients' councils and user-led advocacy projects" (starting 1986).
A meeting organised by Nottingham Advocacy Group, in 1990, led to
the formation of the
United Kingdom Advocacy Network.
Another patients' council identified by
On Our Own Terms 2003 Table 4 is
Hackney Patients' Council.
This may refer to the Day Hospital Committee (see
Hackney Patients Council
dates from 1994.
Speaking from Experience was used as an aid in the setting up of
patients' councils in
Nottingham and Newcastle in 1986.
January 1986 DHSS Draft Circular Collaboration between the NHS,
Local Government and Voluntary Organisations [See
"planning should be directed towards meeting the needs of
individual patients and clients... Service providers, clients, their
families and community representatives including those of ethnic minorities
are to have the opportunity to make a contribution to planning, ensuring
the plans are seen by consumers..." (quoted
Collaboration for Change p.4)
was the contact person (it circulated
each month) for the
Hackney Mental Health Action Group meeting at The Old
March? 1986 Barnet Action for Mental Health (BAMH) established. The
Community Health Council being the prime mover. The initial input was
mainly from professionals. By September 1988, more users were involved.
They had grants from
National Mind, the local authority and the
18.4.1986 to 20.4.1986 "over the weekend of" - "concerned totally
with involving consumers in Mind services" -
Crawshawbooth resolution conceived towards end.
North West Mind conference at Crawshawbooth, Lancashire
Spring 1986 (Before 17.5.1986) Inside Out! Hackney's Mental
Health Newsletter No.1. "Some of us have been 'inside' and now we are
'out' as survivors of the mental health system." This carried a notice
about "We're not Mad - We're Angry", inviting people interested in being
interviewed to contact Dee Kraijj, Andy Smith or
Peter Campbell. Inside Out
could be contacted at the City and Hackney Community Health Council.
Spring 1986: The first membership of Survivors Speak Out enrolled at
a meeting in Ivy Buckland's hotel bedroom at a conference in Newcastle.
(Survivors Speak Out Newsheet December 1988 , p.6)
12.1.1986 A meeting of the Working Party on Major Tranquilisers,
David Hill with notes
taken by Douglas Gill. "As the group was unexpectedly large the table was
moved into one corner of the kitchen, and everyone spoke in turn about
their particular interests". Others present in order of speaking: Steve
Brewer, Eric Irwin, John
Hoolahan, Christopher Rourke,
Frank Bangay. Also
present Nick Simons, Elena, Ivan Ellingham, Jackie and Stephan Ticktin.
9.5.1986 Meetings starting at Hackney Psychiatric Day Hospital
under the umbrella of the City and Hackney Community Health Council, Mental
Health Working Group. They were a developement of the
Hackney Day Hospital Patients Committee
established by patients over a year before. As one of the participants, I
(Andrew Roberts) see this as
revisiting the meetings first set up in
Valerie Argent (Roberts) and Lorna Mitchison were
active in setting the meetings up and Sheila Nash chaired. There is a
report of the meetings from Alan Leader in minutes of
2.11.1986 and a
Spring 1987 reported on the development of
this Patients Committee.
HMHAG (Hackney Mental Health Action Group) public meeting:
Psychiatric Treatment: Are Drugs Really Necessary? Homerton Library.
Andrew Roberts chaired.
Peter Campbell, Valerie Argent and many
others present. Continued at 177 Glenarm Road afterwards. Andrew Roberts
making the sandwiches (so does not know what was talked about).
Saturday 2.8.1986 - Sunday 2.8.1986
"Will anyone wanting to go to MINSTEAD LODGE for the
Out weekend (AUGUST 2-3) contact
Peter immediately on 450 4631 -
DAVE KESSEL please note !! - or you won't get a place - Peter
will answer any queries."
(Hackney Mental Health Action Group
notice for its own meeting on Friday 11.7.1986)
number 2: page 11 notice:
Survivors Speak Out Survivors Speak Out Conference 1986 is to be
organised after discussion between members of the following groups
Link: Glasgow Association for Mental Health
Tontine Road Centre, Chesterfield
Bristol Women and Mental Health Survivors Group
CAPO (Campaign Against Psychiatric Oppression)
Mental Health Consortium
British Network for Alternatives to
Mental Health Action Group
South West Mind
Survivors Speak Out wishes to launch a national self-advocacy movement for
users of the psychiatric services. Our first goal is to hold the national
conference, for which we are currently raising funds. [Contact
Ivy Buckland, Tontine Road Centre]
Survivors Speak Out No.1 - 50p
16.7.1986 First Meeting of the Independent Living Committee of
Hackney Forum for Disability. Sheila Nash represented mental health serivce
Late summer 1986? Alan Leader became a mental health service user in
Hackney Day Hospital - and an instantaneous patient activist.
September 1986 United Nations launch of the International Year of
Special Olympics under the banner "Special Olympics-Uniting
the World". In February 1988 the International
Olympic Committee signed an agreement with Sargent and Eunice
Kennedy Shriver officially endorsing and recognising Special Olympics.
Autumn 1986? Crisis Line - Bristol set up for women in distress.
Took calls from women all over the country.
Mind Annual Conference - Hammersmith
Wouter van de Graaf interviewed Eric Irwin and Frank Bangay for
Asylum. The interview was arranged because of Eric and Frank's concern
about criticisms of CAPO in
Asylum. Wouther van de
Graaf unintentionally returned to the Netherlands with the tape of the
interview and, consequently, it was not published until
April 1989. In the
interview, Eric gave the first account I have traced of the 1973 Mental
Patients Union as an origin of anti-psychiatry and the proginator of
"The anti-psychiatry movement of which CAPO is a part goes back
1973, with the emergence of the
Mental Patients' Union and also, in the
same year, independently,
COPE, which was the Community Organisation for
Psychiatric Emergencies. Both these movements ran for three years or so.
Then some of us who were in COPE and MPU got together and found
which stands for the Promotion of the Rights of Mental Patients in
Treatment. That continued until April 1986"
[March 1985?] "when it was decided that we no
longer wished to have the words 'patients' and ,treatment' in the title. At
my suggestion we decided to change it to The Campaign Against Psychiatric
Monday 20.10.1986 Chamh Annual General Meeting at Shoreditch Health
Centre. Andrew Roberts listed present as a Chamh member; Lorna Mitchinson
as from City and Hackney Community Health Council;
Lisa Haywood and Ian
Ray-Todd with their addresses rather than an organisation. Lisa Haywood was
appointed to one of the two positions on the Executive Committee for
representatives of "former/current users". The other position remained
vacant. These positions had been created by a constitutional amendment at
the same meeting, which Lisa had seconded.
Jim Read was not listed as present.
Public Image - Private
Hammersmith Town Hall, London, W6
another consumer dominated conference.
Peter Campbell recalls that "there was a strong negative vibe
with people getting up from the floor and saying how badly they had been
did an article afterwards accusing us of having nothing positive to offer."
(email 4.4.2010). Full (plenary) sessions included a charismatic one by
David Brandon (director of North
West Mind at the time) and one run by three or four members of Survivors
Speak Out. The collective who made
We're not Mad - We're Angry ran a workshop
about the making of the film.
Survivors Speak Out and the
The British Network of Alternatives to Psychiatry both ran
stalls. This may have been the first time survivor groups had stalls
at the conference, as they did in many subsequent years (and I
expect still do). Survivors Speak Out lobbied Mind for a survivor run quiet
room at conferences. Peter cannot recall if one was provided at this
conference (email 6.4.2010). Entertainments,
Frank Bangay, took place in a pub in Parsons Green, Fulham. A
handbill for the survives.
Friday 14.11.1986 Ballot 1: "As a matter of urgency MIND (NAMH)
should develop a broad based consumer network to ensure that Mind's policy
and work is informed by and reflects the views of consumers of mental
health services". Ballot 2: The
Crawshawbooth resolution to Mind National
Conference: "All local associations must include at least one consumer of
mental health services on any management or executive committee by
MIND Consumer Network (ballot for)
On Our Own Terms 2003 Table 4
says: "1986 onwards Media impact is made by the emerging movement: Many
individuals speak out on radio, TV and in published articles."
We're Not Mad We're Angry 70 minute TV
Channel 4 from 11pm to ten minutes past midnight. (See
Multiple Image Productions.
Led by survivors, it was critical of the biomedical model of mental
illness. White and
black survivors give their perspectives on mental health services. Shown as
part of the MIND'S EYE season (a critique of Britain's psychiatric system
from the patients perspective), it is the result of two years collaboration
with a collective of present and former psychiatric patients. The producer
was Tim Langford and the director John Hay. - A 64 minute version
is available from Concord Media
November 1986 Breakdown on Capital Radio, produced by
Peter Simmons and Mark Halliley. Mental breakdown as experienced by two
young Londoners. The man is
Mike Lawson, who put the
programme online in August 2009. -
offline - The woman remained anonymous.
"A marvellous example of sound employed to open up another realm of
consciousness" (The Times of London). Breakdown won Gold at the New York
Radio Festival was specially commended in the Prix Futura Berlin.
Mind distributed a tape of the
programme. Cover illustration: Phill Ellinston. Capital Radio PLC. 1986.
Thurstine Basset's collection.
21.11.1986 Meeting of Hackney
Mental Health Action Group received a report from "Alan (who is
on the committee)"
[Alan Leader] relating to the Patients Committee at the Day
Hospital. "We also discussed the effectiveness of the Patients' commitee
and the Dutch model of Patients' Councils.
Jim will contact
Lorraine Bell to see
if she knows about videos or speakers about the patients councils. Lorraine
was the contact for
the next national meeting of Survivors Speak Out, noted at the
24.11.1986 Meeting that established The National Voices
Forum. Established by the
National Schizophrenia Fellowship - See
It changed its name to The National Perceptions Forum
Link to website about 2007, when it celebrated its
21st birthday. This is a network
"for people who have experienced schizophrenia"
for mutual support and recovery, and to eliminate
and misunderstanding. The group never described iteslf as being for people
with the "diagnosis of schizophrenia" as it considered people should
be "the judge of their own experience". (Email from Graham Estop
On Our Own Terms
2003 Table 4 gives its "peak membership" as 500, but Graham says
(same email) "having worked as its coordinator, and having set up its
membership database, I'd put it at nearly 800." The Forum's
Perceptions started in 2000 - Some web archive
official site started
20.4.2001 - The
leaflet on the web is first recorded 3.8.2001 -
Zyra's copy started on 25.12.2001.
zyra.org.uk registered to
Zyra 5.7.2000. - voicesforum.org.uk registered to
"Graham Estop, National Voices Forum"
perceptionsforum.org.uk registered to
26.11.1986 "Removing labels - Psychiatric nurses were given a
dressing down by the users of the service at the mental health pressure
MIND's annual conference. Martin Vousden found out why."
Nursing Times. 26.11.1986. "many of those who spoke from the floor
and conference platform, also appeared in the Channel 4 television
We're Not Mad, We're Angry, transmitted a week after the
conference. Which is appropriate timing because the conference was ...
intended to look at how public images of mental illness are formed".
Meeting of patients and ex-patients of
North Manchester General
Hospital that started a weekly group which eventually became
Manchester Users Support Group. It had this name by 1989. See
5.4.1989 Having a Voice Conference -
Alan Hartman in
Asylum April 1989
and address c/o
Tony Riley in
About 2001 Manchester Users Support Group became Manchester
Users Network. This established
its website in
Heart 'n Soul was founded in 1986 and based at the Albany
Theatre in Deptford. It consisted of a small band and 12 performers. All
people with learning difficulties.
London Disability Arts Forum was founded in 1986
What They Teach In Song - Poetry About Psychiatric
Experience - The first?
"Yvonne Christie lives in South East London and has been an
improved changes in mental health services for two decades now.
spent many years looking at addressing inequalities in a range of services
with changes in mental health being a key development area. A case in point
is working on
'Breaking the Circles of Fear' (SCMH) and Black Spaces
(Mental Health Foundation). Yvonne works as an independent consultant and
is currently looking at Recovery in relation to Black and Asian people in
Catch-Afiya and other independent consultants."
(Whose Recovery is it Anyway? 2007
See 1990 -
Mary O'Hagan set up Psychiatric
Survivors, in Auckland, New Zealand, after reading
On Our Own by Judi Chamberlin.
1987 Althea and David Brandon Consumers as Colleagues Mind. 34
pamphlet. Thurstine Basset's collection
From 1987, Robert
Dellar was working for "various Mind affiliations".
(Mad Pride 2000,
8.1.1987 Chris Harrison minuted at a meeting of HAMHP (Hackney
for Mentally Handicapped People). He became a regular attender. probably as
senior disability officer Hackney Borough Council in succession to
Karen Buck. Discussion of taped minutes discussed at next
Out May 1991 -
Nottingham 26.11.1991 -
with Peter Beresford
with Peter Beresford
9.1.1987 Minutes of Hackney
Mental Health Action Group Item 11: "Users Meeting with Chris
Higginbottom of MIND
Lisa [Haywood] had
attended this meeting with users groups from different areas about issues
of concern to them. She will now be on the Planning Group for the next MIND
". At the same meeting there was discussion of setting up
an in-patients committee at the hospital.
23.1.1987 - 25.1.1987 A
Survivors Speak Out weekend at
18.2.1987 Meeting: "
Val Roberts spoke for the
Day Hospital Patients' Committee on
the problems as seen by the patients, and
Lisa Heywood spoke on
CHAMH and its involvement
with the patients committee over the 2+ years of the committee's existence.
Saturday 7.3.1987 British Network
Psychiatry Study day on the Use, Abuse and Alternatives to
E.C.T and Major Tranquillisers.
March 1987 Insight (Brighton) formed. In the summer of 1987 about
fifteen people were involved and they were seeking funding. "Write to
Richard Pennel, Brighton Mental health Group, 17-19 Ditchling Rise,
Brighton, BN1 44L" (
Asylum Summer 1987). By September 1988
it consisted of up to 30 users/ex-users and some allies. It met weekly "bi-
weekly there is a business meeting where users and workers from the
locality are invited to share experiences, knowledge and initiatives".
"Insight are quite involved in service planning. Members also have input to
ASW training and run other workshops. Members of Insight drew up
a draft Charter of Rights" and work was done on rights issues in liason
with a local Law Centre.
(Survivors Speak Out AGM September 1988)
Tuesday 5.5.1987 Constitution of Hackney Union of Mental
Patients set up "for the purpose of obtaining or devising useful and
gainful ways of work"
Joan Hughes, Tony
O'Donnell (the founder) and
prepare to leave
the Old Fire
Station, Stoke Newington for a Hackney Union of Mental
Patients expedition to Walthamstow Marshes
Members included - John Roberts - Tony O'Donnell - John Confidine -
Kessel - Pat Walters - and Harold Leeson
May? 1987 Bristol Survivors started after a large meeting to find
out what people wanted.
Address May 1988:-
BRISTOL SURVIVORS: Secretary Felicity Couch, 139 Ashley Road,
Bristol BS6 5NU.
Autumn 1991 Vivien Lindow: joined the (London based)
Survivors Speak Out Coordinating Group
Self-help alternatives to mental health services
by Vivien Lindow. (Also see
Susan Rooke Matthews and Vivien Lindow 1998
Notes for AGM August 2005 say "Bristol Survivors Network started
off as a branch of Survivors Speak Out over 20 years ago. Survivors Speak
Out folded and closed its London office a few years ago, but we kept going
mainly due to the commitment of Viv Lindow who unfortunately can't be with
us tonight. This is our first AGM, although we have a constitution, we do
not follow it to the letter. A Chair is usually decided upon at the meeting
and we usually have a Secretary (thanks to Claire Barnard) and a Treasurer.
This was Liz Macmin, now Pauline Markovitz with Susan Rooke-Mathews as
website archive 2008
Network's list of Service User/Survivor Support Groups
Over recent years those of us suffering from mental 'illness' have started
to organise ourselves in order to offer mutual support and to fight for
each other. Free from the control of funding bodies or the supervision of
professionals. For me they provide great hope for the future - at least as
much as the prospect of the medical industry coming up with new drugs.
The Patients Council
Open to all survivors/service users whether they have been to hospital
or not. Helen Hamilton is the paid worker for the group.
The Patients Council, Callington Road Hospital, Marmalade Lane,
Brislington, Bristol, BS4 5BT
Tel: 0117 919 5617
As a mental health service user group which also welcomes carers, this
is a progressive self help, lobbying and consultation group. They engage in
consultation with statutory and voluntary sectors to help share services we
use. Monthly meetings, guest speakers and a chance to access wider mental
health arena e.g. training,, conferences and an opportunity to engage in
lifelong learning, build confidence, overcome social isolation and become
empowered in a friendly, supportive environment. Meetings are held monthly
Marine Hill CMHT, Marine Hill, Clevedon. (Please call to check venue before
Meetings happen on the third Wednesday of the month from 2.30pm to
Contact: Sue Ricketts 01275 853 960
Bristol Survivors Network
This is a Bristol-wide group that helps and supports by campaigning for
anyone with mental health problems. Meetings are held on the last thurs of
every month (except Dec). For further information on where meetings are
being held please call tel no below.
Bristol Survivors Network, PO Box 2505, Bristol, BS6 9AJ
Tel : Pauline - 0117 924 8124 (daytime only) or Susan - 0117 923 1796
S.U.N - Southmead Users Network
This is a campaign and support group and members need not have attended
Southmead Hospital or be located in the Southmead Ward for further
information ring 07765 307 134 (weekdays 11am - 1pm
Hearing Voices Network
Every Tuesday 3pm - 4.30pm at Bristol Mind, 35 Old Market Street,
Bristol, BS2 0EZ. For further information contact: Mobile: 0789 423 0207
(answer phone) Tim / Glenn @ Grove Rd: 0117 973 5142
Mad Pride is an exciting campaign aimed at doing for mad people what
Gay Pride did for gay people.
U.K. Survivors Newsgroup
Very busy e-mail newsgroup of the big U.K. Survivors Network.
National Hearing Voices Network
http://www.hearing-voices.org Great web-site for all who hear
voices. You can call their national office on 0161 834 5768
"Bristol Survivors continues to meet monthly as a group and also has a
regular social meeting. It continues to campaign and lobby for better
mental health services." (Glenn Townsend email 6.4.2012)
Bristol Survivors Network
website April 2012
MIND Consumer Advisory Network (Steering Group for)
Notice that a steering group had been set up for a
MIND Consumer Advisory Network. It had been decided that the co-ordinator
would necessarily be a consumer.
Peter Campbell was a member of this steering group. Not all the members
were survivors. Others who were included
When Jan Wallcraft became the first paid worker (part-time), Peter Campbell
decided he could not be a mindlink person and a Survivors Speak Out person,
so he dropped out of any major involvement in MindLink. Although he has
always been a member.
Mind established its
Consumer Advisory Panel
She says she
"worked with the existing Consumer Advisory Panel, meeting a
host of stars such as
Lisa Haywood, Graham Estop and Anna Neeter"
Summer 1987 Islington Mental Health Forum, set up with assistance
from Good Practices in Mental
Health, was "now well established" and had "secured premises to
operate from". "They are particularly concerned about the closure of
Hospital and have started a Friern Interest Group which meets at
the hospital". For information contact The Old Darkroom, The Laundry,
Sparshott Road, Islington, London, N19 (
Asylum Summer 1987)
Asylum Summer 1987 says
New Patient's Council Support Group being established at Southampton.
The Southampton group was set up after a Nottingham Patients Council
Support Group Workshop. Southampton Patients Council Support Group
was started by a local user group in the
Department of Psychiatry. "The groups hold regular ward meetings
to discuss whatever the patients want to talk about - there are no minutes
or agendas, which patients do not want. There is Joint Fiance funding for
three years with a promise of lifetime funding if all goes well. They have
a say in Joint Planning but no office or other facilities" (Mindwaves,
Friday 31.7.1987 - Sunday 2.8.1987
Fourth Minstead Lodge meeting
Ingrid Barker and
Edward Peck, editors, (1987).
Power in Strange Places
- User Empowerment in Mental Health Services. London,
Good Practices in
Mental Health - Discussion includes patient councils and
Colin Gell, "Learning to Lobby, The Growth of Patients' Councils
Lorraine Bell, "Survivors Speak Out. A National Self-Advocacy
Ivy Buckland, "Power Through Partnership. An Account of the
Contact Group in Chesterfield" -
Peter Campbell, "Giants and Goblins. A Description of Camden
Consortium's Campaign to Change Statutory Plans" -
"The Case for Separatism. Ex-Patient Organising in the United States -
30 pages -
Anne Plumb collection. -
COPAC lists copies in several libraries. -
Review by Peter Tyrer in Psychiatric
Summer/Autumn 1987: National Council for Voluntary Organisations launched a
fund to help disabled people take action to promote employment and training
opportunities. Grants, limited to £1,000 for each organisation,
could be used by disabled people wishing to organise a major local
conference relating to employment and training opportunities. Or it could
be used to establish a specific project. The main criteria was that
proposals should be led and controlled by disabled people and related to
training or employment.
"The Self-Advocacy Movement in the UK" by Peter Campbell
probably describes the period before Edale. He speaks of
Survivors Speak Out "acting as an umbrella organisation,
campaigning and fund-raising towards a national conference of service users
and their allies" (page 209). People like himself had adopted the terms
over the eighteen months or so since Autumn 1985 (page 209). He speaks of
"over a dozen groups in this country speaking and acting for themselves in
the area of mental health".
Hackney have self-advocacy groups,
and BNAP are based in
London. "Outside of London"
Nottingham and Bristol
also had "large and flourishing groups". "In other cities like Southampton
there are the beginnings of groups run by users" (page 209) [Compare with
Summer 1986 list of groups planning the conference]. He did not
think "more than 400 people at the most are directly and actively in
Britain at present". (page 212). "The majority of existing groups are
alliances of users and workers with a small element of 'carers', each
alliance weighted in a different way" (pages 206-207) Only CAPO and
Sagacity in Community Care (SICC) claim to be user only (page 206).
"In broad terms", Peter says,"there are three main types of group"
1) The national campaign groups:
CAPO (Campaign Against Psychiatric Oppression) and
British Network of Alternatives to Psychiatry
"Although based in London they address themselves to
the whole of Britain, do not concentrate on local matters but campaign on
major issues affecting the whole of the psychiatric system such as the
abolition of ECT, no compulsory element in psychiatry, the provision of
adequate facilities for withdrawal from major tranquillizers.They are
limited in size...but increasingly active in certain areas where they are
now being noticed..."
The locality based group London examples:
Camden Mental Health Consortium -
Barnet Action for Mental Health -
Hackney Mental Health Action
Group. "...often set up with initial involvement by community
health councils, concentrates on its local area and on the problems of the
psychiatric systems expressed in the local services".
"Groups connected to existing service provisions or which are themselves
supplying significant services"
Link attached to Glasgow Association for Mental health and
Contact at Tontine
Road Centre in Chesterfield are examples of the former, whilst
Bristol Women and Mental Health - an umbrella
covering a number of services for women in Bristol - is a notable example
of the latter." (page 211)
"Finally mention must be made of the
Nottingham Patient Council Support Group (NPCSG)
which is establishing the idea of patients'councils within psychiatric
hospitals along lines inspired by the example of the Patients' Councils in
Holland" (page 211)
Friday 18.9.1987 to Sunday 20.9.1987
Survivors Speak Out organised the first United Kingdom
conference of mental
health service users/survivor activists over a weekend at an Edale Youth
The team largely responsible for organising things were
Lorraine Bell as "coordinator" -
Ivy Buckland as treasurer -
Peter Campbell as secretary -
Jackie Biggs "publicity" -
Rick Hennelly (local
Friday evening: social gathering
Saturday Groups on topics suggested by people there, including *
Women and mental health * Major tranquilisers * The
Order * How to achieve user-involvement * Surviving without
The role of allies in self-advocacy and their relationship to users.
The conference produced a list of 15 "needs and demands" (Survivors
Speak Out 1987, Charter Of Needs And Demands (Edale
Conference Charter), London, Survivors Speak Out)
Mary Nettle entered the mental health system in 1977. There
was no discussion about medication or someone's problems. Treatment was
totally drug oriented. One day her Community Psychiatric Nurse gave her a
leaflet about the
Edale conference. She felt the description "survivor"
was just right and felt herself to be a survivor of life. She warmed to
the friendly but efficient style in whcih the leaflet was written, and went
to the conference with a group of people. It was a most amazing experience.
A great array of ideas was expressed, "and there was
holding it all together". Source:
(Two decades of change conference)
"The grass roots movement that created the Edale Charter, also
UK Advocacy Network (UKAN) in the early 1990s"
Autumn 1987 Towards the end of his life
Eric Irwin spent a lot of
time in the library at the Westminster Mind
headquarters on the Harrow Road. It was here in the
autumn of 1987 that he collapsed and was rushed to
hospital. For a while, Stephen
Ticktin looked after Eric in his (Stephen's) own home. Eric died
in St Joseph's Hospice, Hackney (see below).
October 1987 Publication of Asylum to Anarchy by
Thursday 8.10.1987 Inaugural meeting of the
London Alliance for Mental
Health Action (LAMHA pronounced llama) [Has also been
as 1.10.1987] - See
5.12.1987 March against
Community Treatment Orders -
17.9.1988 Psychiatry on
4.3.1989 SANE adverts -
20.6.1989 Robin Cook -
1992. - See Rogers and
Pilgrim June 1991.
Mental Health Action Group AGM elected Lisa Haywood and Ian Ray-
Todd as co-chairs and Lisa Haywood to the "MIND Consumer Advisory Panel"
31.10.1987 First hearing voices congress held in Utrecht, Holland.
this, Stichting Weerklank (Foundation Resonance) was formed, a
collaboration between voice hearers and professionals. See Wikipedia on the
Hearing Voices Movement - See below
November? 1987 Mind's first Annual Conference outside
London was held in Blackpool.
Alan Hartman took part in a presentation about 24 hours support
with assistance from service providers Douglas Inchbold and Neil Harris
London Alliance for Mental Health
Community Treatment Order demonstration. March from Marble Arch
to the Royal College
Louise Pembroke (emails 23.4.2017) recalls that Mario Brown's document was
prepared after the 5.12.1987 march, for use in the
17.9.1988 Psychiatry on Trial event.
11.12.1987 "Hugs not Drugs" Greenford, Northolt and Southall
There is a seven page document "The
Scientific and Medical Argument Against Compulsory Treatment Orders -
a report prepared for the London Alliance for Mental health Action" by "Dr
M J C Brown M.B., B.S., B.SC. (Hons), B.A." Dr Mario Brown was a survivor
who was a medical doctor. The
Royal College of Psychiatrists report had not specified what
community treatment was likely to be. Mario Brown suggested it would be
"long acting major tranquillisers", and criticised their
Compulsory Community Treatment Orders
Survivors Speak Out Information Sheet by Dave Lowson.
(Anne Plumb collection). -
Just before Christmas 1987
Eric Irwin died in St Joseph's Hospice, Hackney after a year
long struggle with undiagnosed cancer.
CAPO was continued until 1991
largely by Eric's friend
Frank Bangay. After Eric's death it decided to
Survivors Speak Out. Frank's tribute to Eric was published in
Asylum Volume 3, No 1, Summer 1988. His poem "The Laughing
Flowers" ("Never really felt so sad before - I try to reach myself through
my craziness") was written in the Spring of 1988.
Naked Songs and Rhythms of Hope pages 17-18)
Mind Consumers Network
1988: Wokingham and District Mind founded. It affiliated to
Mind in 1989. Crisis House in Station Approach, a user
run crisis centre, opened by
Pam (Pamela) Jenkinson on
It is now West
Berkshire Mental Health Association.
Hamlet Trust established by
Peter Barham -
Its first project was to establish the Bradford Mental Health Advocacy
Bradford and Airedale Mental Health Advocacy Group)
1988 An anti-war marathon organised by athletes with intellectual
disability to denounce the civil war in Lebanon. In 1989 coach
Mohammad Nasser founder of Special Olympics Lebanon received the
Special Olympics International. -
Changes in organisations 1988/1989 - From
Rogers and Pilgrim 1991
Voices - the National Schizophrenia Fellowship funds an
ex-patient as an organiser. It describes its
meetings (Voices Forum) as a support group 'run by and for
schizophrenics'. At the time of the research it had a membership of
around fifty people. [Presumably just users]
Survivors Speak Out - a national users' organisation with
over fifty local groups. "It aims to facilitate communication between local
groups of users and their professional allies promoting self-advocacy. In
June 1988 the paidup membership of this group was 230" [Presumably,
allies and users]
Mindlink an information network facilitated by an ex-patient
salaried by national MIND. At the time of the research it had around two
In 1988 and 1989
Barbara Taylor a patient in
for three periods totalling about eight months. See
1988 Nelsy graduated
and moved from
London, England. She married and became a teacher of Spanish
privately and created a successful Latin American dance course for
beginners. Her diagram shows how, after her breakdown
(1998) and self
analysis, all of her life, including the politics, history and education
systems of both countries, was infused with emotion.
January 1988 Collaboration for Change - Partnership between
Service Users, Planners and Managers of Mental Health Services
Centre Discussion Paper by
Helen Smith. The outcome of regular group
meetings of people form
Good Practices in
- the National Council for Voluntary Organisations, Waltham Forest Health
Authority and the King's
"... a student on placement at Barony called Colin Murray, who was very
Survivors Speak Out... called a meeting called Democracy in
Psychiatry (Be Morris,
CAPS2010 p.43) - 8.1.1988 appears to be the earliest secure date
in the book
There are references to the stimulus of
86 MIND Conferences, where users were very vocal" (Be Morris
January to March 1988 Survey of City and Hackney Psychiatric
Services carried out following "intense criticism" by the City and Hackney
Community Health Council and others. "The patient questionnaires were
distributed through a specially briefed team of patient advocates drawn
from Community Health Council Staff, Hackney Mental Health Action Group,
Federation of Consumers of the Mental Health Services and the Family Centre
Staff (HCRE). One further advocate was an Administrative Worker from
CHAMH". April 1988: "Mental Health Services - Initial Report on
Survey of Views of Psychiatric Patients Mid January to End of February
1988" (CHCHC Mental Health Working Group). Later: City and
Hackney Health Authority Psychiatric Services. Survey of Mental Health
Facilities as perceived by the Providers and Clients 1988 Michael Lung
- Support Nurse.
Mark Cresswell describes "1988-1996" as "a period that witnessed
a first phase of self-harm survivor activism in England."
January 1988 Bristol
Crisis Line opened by
Bristol Crisis Service for Women - Telephone
Bristol 354105 Friday and Saturday
evenings, 9 to 12.30 - run by women for women in the Bristol area.
Counselling service for women feeling isolated and distressed - "received
media attention with articles focused on women and self-harm. The line
receives up to 12 calls a night, and women who have phoned often become
volunteers with the project. Volunteers are doing education work in
hospitals - talking to psychiatrists and social workers - and aim to
negotiate suitable consultancy fees" (Mindwaves December 1988) [Mark
Cresswell says BCSW starts to run a national telephone help-line for women.
Address May 1988 - See
8.1.1988 New Society "Asylums with Long Arms: Last month
mental health patients groups demonstrated outside the Royal College of
Psychiatrists in Belgrave Square.
Jim Read explains why". This was about opposition to community
treatment orders. A brief extract: "A recent national conference of
Survivors Speak Out, which attracted 100 participants, voted unanimously to
oppose CTOs, and set up regional coalitions to campaign against these."
Conference on Co-ordinated Care organised by what became
The Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health.
Have we got views for you
(1994) says "the views of service users were largely overlooked". This was
illustrated in the language of "cases" and "case managment". "This led to
The Sainsbury Centre's
first efforts to bring in a user perspective. A
group of users from around the country began to meet together to produce a
response to Towards Co-ordinated Care" See
Diana Rose -
Perspectives on Manic Depression -
The Patients' Case: Views from experience; Living
inside and out of a psychiatric hospital by North Manchester
Resettlement Support Group. Editors Neil Harris and Doug Inchbold. Also
Jeff Warburton. Produced by Harpurhey Resettlement Team and 'users' of
Springfield Hospital Manchester. Published by the Community
Psychiatric Nurses Association Publications, Rossendale. ISBN: 0948260203
22 pages. Sold for £1 by
Survivors Speak Out. Includes
Alan Hartman. See Asylum July 1989
May 1988 First
Survivors Speak Out Newssheet
Survivor Speak Out Address List May 1988
Distress Awareness Training Agency (DATA) established.
"Individuals with personal experience of emotional and mental distress
who provide service-user and survivor led training, research and
Describes itself as "the UK's longest established group of this
kind". - Three founder members were
Andrew Hughes -
Anne Plumb - and
Tony Riley. Helen Gibb joined during 1988.
20.6.1988 Date on proposal to formally set up a Mental Health
Awareness Trainers Group which accompanied the first application (late
DATA to the Disabled Employment and
Training Action Fund (DETAF) administered
by the National Council for Voluntary Organisations.
(Anne Plumb collection). The application was
to undertake initial organisational development work, to
look at ways of establishing contacts within the North West, to produce a
training course and to look at the type of organisational structure that
might suit DATA. It was designed to create 10 weeks of part-time work
for DATA members. "I had to drop out early days as I was busy with a spot
madness" (Andrew Hughes). See
November 1991 -
Autumn 1992 -
late 1993 -
June 1994 -
Asylum Spring 1995 -
6.10.2001 (website) -
21.5.1988 Oldham meeting of "North-West Mind Consumer
The first of the regional networks. Irene Whitehill was a
28.6.1988 Michelle Hanson's article in The Guardian "Letting out
the big scream inside" "self-destructive behaviour is not uncommon among
women. Their numbers are growing and there is little help for them", She
and 'Ellie'. Also about this time (mid-1988)
Maggy Ross published an article in a woman's lifestyle magazine
called The Company.
Consumer Advisory Panel Workshop - Harley Street
August 1988 Issue one of
Mindwaves - The Newsletter of the MIND
Consumer Network. At this stage, the network claimed about
Members were entitled to two years free membership of Mind. "So do
fill in the forms and send them back and you will be able to come to the
19th November in London to vote for the Council of Management"
23.8.1988 Death of
Joseph Watts in Broadmoor: "Ward staff appeared with shields and
helmets, entered his seclusion room, injected him with a drug cocktail and
within minutes he was dead".
Autumn 1988 First interviews by Anne Rogers and David Pilgrim in
research that led to Pulling down churches. The names of interviewees
have not been stated.
Peter Campbell and
believe they were interviewed.
Mike Lawson also appears to have been
Frank Bangay believes he was not.
Eric Irwin was dead. See
Survivors Speak Out Annual General Meeting at Hampden Community
Centre. Contact was
Lorraine Bell, Southampton.
LAMHA street theatre event "Psychiatry on
Trial". See Mario Brown's
Monday 26.9.1988 to Thursday 29.9.1988
Common Concerns: International Conference on
Involvement in Mental
Health Services - Brighton.
The group to plan a national network first met in
and Anne Bardsley, were amongst those who attended
the Brighton Conference in September 1988... "the theme of it was user
involvement and advocacy. We started a bit behind them but we had got ahead
and things were more advanced here than they were down South. I think it
was me and Be and Anne sat pounding the table,
'we are doing just as well as them in fact we're doing better'
'Let's have a national conferennce in Scotland for users'
there is something to celebrate and shout about and bring more people
together". (Colin Murray
Autumn? 1988 "About a dozen users from all over England" met with
"staff at the
National Unit for Psychiatric Research and Development who are
preparing a report on "The Co-odination of care for People Disable by Long
Term Illness" for the DHSS"
October/November1988 OpenMind No 35:
"ECT - A controversial treatment: counsellor and former mental
Jim Read, argues that Mind has failed to present the case
against ECT and ignored the viewpoint of many people who have received
treatment." (A response to Mind's special report which 'cautiously condoned
the use of ECT'.)
elected vice-chair of
Mind at the MIND A.G.M, replacing
Dr Hugh Freeman. Served
until 1994, when he was replaced by Judith Morgan-Freer. In his
Testimonies' interview, Mike Lawson
refers to "me being elected Vice Chair of National Mind as a
action, you know amongst survivors and our groups and lobbies". Mike says
(in an email) that his election "was immediately challenged by the Royal
College of Psychiatrists because of a claim against
David Hill for
promoting my candidacy by mailshot from
Camden Mind. So my inception was
delayed and a re-election announced. However my rival failed to stand."
remembers "reading in the pages of The Guardian, Hugh Freeman
(already/later deposed as vice-chair of Mind by Mike Lawson)
take on psychiatry against survivors and allies (the correspondence was
carried over several days).
Asylum Winter 1988. The cover of this
edition is displayed on the wall behind the Survivors Speak Out stand at
November 1988 Mind Conference below. The
edition contains a report headed "Mind 1987 Conference Report"
which also reports on the AGM that elected Mike Lawson (above)
"Scottish Users Interest Group" first met in December
1988 with a
view to forming a national network. From this inaugural meeting the
Scottish Users Network was formed, which has a current membership of
45 people, drawn from all over the country. The Scottish Users Network
adopted a constitution in October 1990, and charitable status has
been obtained. (from a letter from Brian Sinclair, the then Secretary of
the Scottish Users Network, undated but written in the aftermath of
1991 conference, which he had attended."
(UKAN archives). - See also
July 1989 -
December 1988 First edition of
Psychiatry in Transition: the British and Italian
Experiences. Contains some acknowledgment of users' opinion.
Section on "The Users' Perspective" contains an article by
"Users' Perspectives" about Britain and one by Maria Grazia Giannicheda"
called "A Future of Social Invisibility" about Italy. Both are mostly about
mental health policy in their country, but the issue of a consumers' view
Mind the Gap Theatre Company inclusive theatre group for
actors with and without a learning disability
1988 First United Kingdom
group established in
Manchester - See
Hearing Voices Network box
- On Our Own Terms
2003 Table 4 says: "1988-present The Hearing Voices network
(based on the work of Professor
Marius Romme in
began holding national events in 1990/1991 and now has 100 groups across
the country." See
Conference November 1990 -
Independent Hearing Voices 6.1.1991 -
1991 [??] -
1991 Conference -
1992 Conference -
1993 Conference -
Newsletter 10 -
February 1994 Newsletter 11 -
May 1994 -
August 1994 Newsletter 13 -
1994 Conference -
December 1994 Schizophrenia Media Agency -
1995 Conference -
1996 Conference -
1997 Conference -
McLaughlin Thesis -
2006 First "World Hearing Voices
On Our Own Terms 2003 Table 4
says: "1988 Influential publications by service users/survivors emerge:
A notable influence on the movement" was the publication by Mind of a
British edition of "On Our
by Judi Chamberlin - an exploration of
the rise of the survivor movement in the US." "Numerous local
publications and newsletters by service user/survivor groups begin to
emerge, critically examining services and describing personal experiences."
20. "I became withdrawn, fearful and kept to myself most of the
time. I started
(15.12.2014 interview) - Before admission to
hospital, Joseph was taken to traditional healers, "as most Ugandans are
tempted to do when faced with mental illness for the first time". "I was
first treated at
(general hospital). I was told very little
about what I was suffering from.
(26.5.2011 interview) -
"After spending several months on
ECT treatment with no improvement,
Atukunda was taken to
Referral Mental Hospital, where
doctors diagnosed him with
Survivors Speak Out members who came up to early meetings in
Edinburgh when the movement was getting started here. Through these early
meetings Lothians' first user group was formed, Awareness, in 1989."
Awareness met at
EAMH (Edinburgh Association for Mental Health, now called
Health in Mind), 40 Shandwick Place and
at Contact Point, Basement, 67 York Place. It was supported by Lothian
Mental Health Forum and developed into a steering group that led to
CAPS2010 pp 46-49).
Royal Edinburgh Hospital Patients' Council
Royal Edinburgh Hospital
"The Patients' Council was set up in 1989 and continues to be based in the
Royal Edinburgh Hospital. It facilitates collective advocacy for
and former patients of the hospital, bringing about change in the way that
services and treatment are provided"
1989 APSA l'Association des Psychotiques Stabilisés
Department of Health (January 1989)
Working for Patients
Report). (Cm. 555)
London: HMSO, "recommended that consumers of health care should be involved
in future developments and evaluation of services provided by the NHS"
Since then "successive governments have sought to strengthen the role of
patients as active participants in their relationship with those who
(Mike Crawford, March 2001)
Lucy Johnstone Users and Abusers of Psychiatry: A Critical Look at
Traditional Psychiatric Practice, London: Routledge, 1989. See
March 1993 -
OpenMind 1994 -
Asylum 1994 -
Asylum 1999 -
28.2.1989 to 25.3.1989 The One Sided Wall by
and Niki Johnson, a one person play performed by Cindy Oswin at the Bush
Theatre, Shepherds Bush. The Theatre Programme said
"The play is completely fictitious, but draws on her experience.." - Her
London Alliance for Mental Health Action anti-
advertising demonstration at the Imperial War Museum. Included
16.3.1989 "Mental health split" City Limits
"Groups lock horns over schizophrenia posters" Hampstead and Highgate
12.4.1989 Labour Briefing "We're not in-SANE"
Self Advocacy Action Pack: Empowering
Mental Health Service Users first produced by
Survivors Speak Out.
IMPERO (Irish Mental Patients' Educational and Representative Organisation)
Jan Wallcraft's article "Winning through against fear and
contempt" in Community Care described the
Mind consumer network.
(Anne Plumb collection).
Having a Voice Conference
5.4.1989 First session of Having a Voice Conference for people
who use Mental Health Services in North
Manchester. Organised by
Manchester Users' Support Group, North
Manchester Community Health Council and North Manchester Health Authority.
There were three sessions in all. The other two were on
19.4.1989 and 17.5.1989. See
Manchester index and
Having a Voice
"The group held its first two conferences in March this year. The first one
was for users, the secnd for professionals. There was supposed to be a
conference for both users and professionals but this didn'thappen. The
conference provoked a lot of discussion and a documnet summing up some of
the points made was typed out. The conference was aptly named 'Having a
voice' Norman Howard
20.6.1989 Members of the
London Alliance for Mental Health Action were involved in
setting up and participating in a meeting in the House of Commons between
Robin Cook MP (then Shadow Minister for Health), Harriet Harman and Keith
Vaz, and "forty or more mental health service users, representing most of
the mental health action groups, Patients' Councils, Consumer Networks and
advocacy projects". "The meeting was chaired by
David Hill, Director of
Camden MIND, who has put in a great deal
of work and effort to convince the Labour Party to give greater priority to
mental health issues and the importance of consulting the 'users'." (Jan
Mindwaves Summer 1989, page 7)
Asylum July 1989
Nottingham Patients Council Support Group appoint a worker.
Mention similar developments in Brighton, Leeds,
Scottish Users' Network established.
Escher 1989. "Effects of mutual contacts from people with
auditory hallucinations". Perspectief no 3, 37-43, July 1989. In 1989 they
also published "Hearing Voices" in Schizophrenia Bulletin 15 (2):
209 - 216
Paddy McGowan recovered from Schizophrenia with the support of other
survivors and participated in the original study (Romme/Escher, 1989) into
hearing voices. See -
Irish Advocacy Network 1999
Patient advocacy- Report for Public Policy Committee
Royal College of Psychiatrists.
offline - This policy was reviewed in
1999 and 2012
August 1989 Date on Ann Scott's introduction to
Something Sacred. Conversations,
(Mary Barnes). The
first interview "Reflections on
Mary Barnes: Two Accounts of a Journey Through Madness
Kingsley Hall" is dated
May 1988 - 2. "1971-1988 and the work of the work of the Shealin
Trust" is also May 1988 - 3 "households, helping and regression" is July
1988, as is 4. "Painting, writing and giving talks". 5 "'Something Sacred'
religion and psychotherapy" is dated November 1988. The introduction notes
Ronald Laing died in August 1969, whilst the book was in
Looking at self-harm: the first national
on self-harm to be held in the UK, "entirely organised by the recipient
movement" at the International Students House in Great Portland Street in
Louise Pembroke organised the conference as Education
Officer of Survivors Speak Out.
spoke a few words of
introduction and Louise Pembroke "chaired and co-presented with the other
speakers." One of the speakers was
"I'm Maggy and I started to cut my body 5 years ago. I go to
casualty and get hauled onto the psychiatric bandwagon. I am then given a
nice little 'label'. The current label is Schizophrenia. That's how the
professionals see me. I'm a self-destructive Schizophrenic. But how do I
see myself? I am a survivor of sexual abuse and a survivor of the system. I
know why I self-injure. When I feel I am losing control, I reach for a
razor and prove to myself that I can have control over my body. When I am
lost for words, my cuts speak for me. They say - look - this is how much
I'm hurting inside ... I'll tell you what self-injury isn't - and
professionals take note. It's not attention seeking. It's
not a suicide attempt. So what is it? It's a silent scream. It's a visual
manifestation of extreme distress. Those of us who self-injure carry our
emotional scars on our bodies." (Quoted in
Self-Harm Perspectives. This is an edited
Cresswell, M. 2004)
"I found it incredible to listen to individuals talking about
their...inwardly directed aggression and then to learn that in accident
and emergency departments some of them have been deliberately stitched
up without the use of anaesthetic". (Peter Campbell reflecting on the
Open Mind December 1989).
Asylum October 1989, p.16 says
"Congratulations for the pioneering efforts of the City and
Hackney Federation of Consumers of the Mental Health Services who went
ahead and organised the conference against all the odds". It notes, on page
17, that "following the success of the Self-Harm Conference" a conference
"Hearing Voices" is being organised for
Leader, City and Hackney Federation of Consumers of the Mental
Services, c/o City and Hackney CHC.
Self-Harm: Perspectives from
Personal Experience (1994) was a consequence of this
Crisis cards - Launched by the International Self-Advocacy Alliance
Survivors Speak Out in 1989, crisis cards are intended as an
advocacy device to be carried by
the person who has written it, to be used in mental health emergencies.
Crisis Cards were the invention of
, living at that time in Jackie's cottage in west
Wales. They called themselves the International Self-Advocacy Alliance
[Rhiadle, Llangrannog, Llandyssul, Dyfed SA44 6BG, Wales, UK - Telephone
0239 78661]. The
idea was patented and, being short of money, Mike sold it to Survivors
Speak out for about £75. (Information from Mike 31.10.2008).
Survivors Speak Out launched the card at its
Annual General Meeting
Survivors Speak Out AGM "Sixty-five members,
including individuals from the UK, Holland, Italy and West Germany
attended". Reference made to "more than a dozen local groups".
(Asylum October 1989, p.16)
16.9.1989: Press Release: "Crisis Card Launched" made by
International Self Advocacy Alliance
October 1989 Article by Chris Halford in Voluntary Voice
Good Practices in
Mental Health (GPMH)
"now offer a
resource to mental health user groups across London"
In the United Kingdom, the 1990s saw the further development of a
recognised and professionalised user movement. There are now statutory
requirements for consultation and the providers need someone to consult
with. Some survivor groups received significant funding. (See
King's Fund support from 1985).
June 1990, a
relatively small grant from
what became the Sainsbury Centre helped to start the National Advocacy
Network. The substantial
(and continuing) investment of The Arts Council in the users movement began
1991. That of the
£11,750 for Survivors Poetry in 1991,
£30,000 for Survivors Speak Out in 1992,
for a National Advocacy Network in 1992.
£25000 for Hearing Voices Network in
One of the main reasons for the spread of practical user involvement, as
opposed to theoretical, was the work of people from
Nottingham going around the country in the early 1990s and
supporting others to get
started. Much as the Dutch folks helped us...
(Colin Gell... email
Early 1990s The idea of
AdvoCard is conceived by service users and research and meetings
Whose Service is it Anyway? Users' views on co-ordinating community
care Edited by
Marion Beeforth -
- Vida Field - Brian Hoser
Research and Development for Psychiatry (RDP). -
Psychiatric Bulletin June 1991
Brian Hoser was, or became, the treasurer for the
National Advocacy Network
- Edna Conlan, from Milton Keynes Advocacy Group, was, or became the first
was at university "away from my family and at the time a long term
relationship". Stress of the course, her circumstances, accomodation and
grant problems "eventually all the stress resulted in my breakdown".
"Having someone to talk to it would have made all the difference". However,
she completed the course, but was admitted to the local mental hospita
after her return home. (source)
Rhythm of Struggle - Song of Hope
Justice for Women began in 1990
Hamlet Trust in Poland
a student at Nkumba college of Commerce (now Nkumba University)
where he obtained qualifications in Accountancy.
Thursday 15.3.1990 - Friday 16.3.1990
User Involvement - The Way
Forward conference organised by
Nottingham Advocacy Group which led, eventually, to setting up
the United Kingdom Advocacy Network
April 1990 Relaunch of Bristol Mind.
See website - Bristol index -
Jeff Walker -
April 2002 UFM
18.4.1990 Date for which London
Hearing Voices Conference
May and June 1990
Nottingham Advocacy Group (£400)
Survivors Speak Out (£200) and
Research and Development in Psychiatry (£1,000) enabled
the planning group for a National Advocacy Network to meet.
Asylum Summer 1990
"The Ex-Patients' Movement: Where We've Been and Where We're
by Judi Chamberlin - (National Empowerment Center) published in The
Journal of Mind and Behavior Volume 11, Number 3, Summer 1990 Special
Issue, Challenging the Therapeutic State, pages 323-336 is mostly about the
movement in the United States -
Link to online copy
19?.6.1990 Judi Chamberlin and Rae Ouziker (Co-ordinator of the
National Association of Psychiatric Survivors) took Valerie and Andrew out
to lunch in London.
June 1990 Annual Report of
Camden Mental Health Consortium
collection) includes an example of user-professional research -
A user for Consortium devised
a simple questionnaire with a senior nurse to find out what users had been
told about medications, and what information they would like, as a
contribution to Bloomsbury Community Health Council's attempt to raise
awareness of the need for improved practice. Results (75 respondents)
"indicated much disappointment with the quality of information, and a
particular need for guidance on long term effects". Action on
recomendations had already been taken on acute wards at St. Pancras.
Helen Spandler's (unpublished) paper "An attempt to analyse the
mental patients movements with regard to the social and political period of
the sixties". She concludes
"The mental patients movement in many ways helped pave the way
for organisations such as
Survivors Speak Out and the various "consumer networks" in
Britain. Some ex-patients and activists joined Mind local
helped influence them towards a more radical approach to treatment, legal
rights etc. The
most recent campaign was that against the proposed
Community Treatment Orders in
1987 (compulsory psychiatric 'treatment' in
Wednesday 4.7.1990 Launch of magazine
Beyond Diagnosis - The first "Summer issue"
"The Voice in Scotland of people who have been diagnosed mentally ill - and
those with related experiences". The Steering Group, John and Anne
Macdonald, Marion Donovan, Vincent Donnelly, Jeff Frew, Julia White, Jeff
Haddow and Jimmy Milroy, held a wine and cheese party at the Stafford
Centre, Edinburgh, to celebrate the launch. Also an
autumn edition in 1990.
The intention was quarterly, but issue seven did not appear until 1994.
issue 6 -
issue 7 -
Scottish Users Network March 1994
August 1990 First United Kingdom People First Conference held
in Twickenham. Betty Steingold, Susan Baldwin, Susan Jennings and Elani
went from Hackney. They spent a whole week there and discussed many things.
Betty went to a conference last year, so many people knew her. Betty, an
active member of Hackney Action on Learning Difficulties (Previously
Hackney Action for Mentally Handicapped People) told the Conference,
that she did not want people to say "mental handicap". Other people spoke
about living independently and about getting jobs. Food and the
accommodation were good.
Asylum Autumn 1990
November 1990 First National
Hearing Voices Conference held in Manchester. See
Autumn 1990 issue two of
Beyond Diagnosis. Editor now Marion
Denovan, 146 Morningside Road, Edinburgh, EH10 4PX - who remained editor
for some years.
October 1990 Workshop on researching user involvement, Nuffield
Institute, University of Leeds. A collection based on this was edited by
Marian Barnes and Gerald Wistow (1992).
Asylum Winter 1990/1991
1991 Anne Bardsley Advocacy Report Edinburgh: Scottish
Association for Mental Health, 15 pages.
Alan Baker 1991 "On Hearing Voices and other Phenomena" in
Libellus Dementum (issue one?). Oxford Survivors.
(Anne Plumb Collection). See
Winter1991/1992. A letter was published in
Beyond Diagnosis 6 from Sarah Bell, OS Publishing, Oxford
Littlemore Hospital, Oxford, OX4 4XN, She enclosed "issue 2 of
Libellus Dementum which mentioned Beyond Diagnosis and hoped
it would mention Libellus Dementum. "Beyond Diagnosis will
shortly be made available to all members of OS in our new office".
Brian Hartnett (in London) "Around 1991, at the same time as the
company I worked for closed and I lost my job, I started to retreat into
myself. I am not sure when I started hearing peoples voices and exhibiting
signs of ill health. It crept into my life gradually. Thoughts began to
become vocalised in my head and I began to hear voices in the babble of
conversation in crowded places."
1991 Wiltshire and Swindon User Network founded -
Mary Nettle wrote "when I lived in Minety in Wiltshire I was in
networks like the Wiltshire and Swindon User Network" with Odessa Chambers
"who also had her struggles and lived in Trowbridge in Wiltshire she was
also a campaigner as one of her sons was in Broadmoor". Mary lost touch
when she moved away, but
"it was lovely to meet her daughter
Sunday 6.1.1991 the Independent on Sunday published a report
by Christine Assiz, "Heard but not seen", on a
Hearing Voices conference
arranged by five mental health activists, connected to
"Any recovery journey has a beginning, and
for me the
beginning was my meeting with Lindsay Cooke my support worker, it was her
who encouraged me to go to the hearing voices self-help group in Manchester
at the start of 1991." Ron names Anne Walton,
, Terry McLaughlin and Julie Downs, and
as his "navigators" to sanity.
April 1991 "The Mental Illness Specific Grant (MISG) was
introduced under the
NHS and Community Care Act 1990, providing from April 1991
revenue grant for the development of social care services for individuals
with mental health problems"
Wokingham and District Mind's Crisis House in Station Approach,
Wokingham, a user run crisis centre, opened by
Pam Jenkinson. -
Asylum Summer 1991
"'Pulling down churches': accounting
for the British mental health users' movement"
Sociology of Health and Illness 13, 2, pp 129-148 -
See Literature List. -
The authors describe
themselves as "professional commentators on, or allies of the MHUM" [Mental
Health Users Movement]. They explain that they were members of Mind and of
London Alliance for Mental Health Action. Between
Autumn 1988 and 1989,
they interviewed ten people (seven users, three professionals) who were
also members of the
London Alliance for Mental Health Action and/or Mind -
Survivors Speak Out -
British Network of Alternatives to Psychiatry -
Good Practices in Mental Health -
Afro-Caribbean Mental Health Association -
Nottingham Patients Council.
From the Mental Patient to the Person by
Peter Barham and Robert Hayward, Routledge -
22.6.1991 Letter from
Ingrid Barker (now Newcastle Health Authority) and Richard
Greave in the
British Medical Journal. "As part of our work
establishing contracts for mental health services, both in Newcastle and in
other places around England, we have attempted to get a range of users to
help plan and to comment on contracts".
World Federation of Psychiatric Users -
First committee meeting - This was at the World Federeation for Mental
Mike Lawson attended the congress as Vice-Chair of Mind, but was
not minuted as attending tthe users meeting
Orville Blackwood, aged 31, died after being
injection of calming drugs (150 mg of Sparine and Modecate) in a secure
Broadmoor after attempting to punch a doctor on 28.8.1991. He
died of heart failure.
Diagnosed schizophrenic, Orville was sent to
Broadmoor in 1987 after
attempting to rob a post office using a toy gun.
- accidental death verdicts October 1991 and
1.4.1993 - High Court decision leading to
Louise Pembroke (for
Survivors Speak Out) organised an Eating Distress conference.
Hampden Community Centre from 10.30am to 5.30pm (registration
from 9.30am Numbers resticted to 80: 40 employed/professionals at £20
and 40 low waged/unwaged at £2. [photocopy of 4 page notice in
The Eating Distress booklet published by Survivors Speak Out came out
of that. (Louise Roxanne Pembroke (editor) Eating Distress -
Perspectives from Personal Experience. Conference Papers. Survivors
Speak Out 1992 (1st edition) - 1993 (2nd edition. 23 main pages) - 1994
(Revised and reprinted edition). ISBN: 1898002002 (paperback) -
COPAC lists copies in several libraries. It is also avalable on
European Network of those Affected by Psychiatry.
Netzwerk von Psychiatrie-betroffenen] formed in Amsterdam. (Press Release
exernal link in German) -
This evolved into the
European Network of (ex-) Users and
Survivors of Psychiatry
November? 1991 Second National
Hearing Voices Conference held in ##
26.11.1991 Mental Health Service Users as Trainers - International
Community Centre, Mansfield Road, Nottingham.
A "Training the Trainers" event in Nottingham,
jointly organised by
Survivors Speak Out -
MindLink - and the
National Advocacy Network Steering
Group. This, and the DATA event in
May 1993, were very early examples of service user
Training the Trainers events. A 20 page report was edited by Viv Lindow and
available from Survivors Speak Out for £1.50 plus postage.
AandV archives. Aslo a photocopy of "Addresses of People who
Attended Users as Trainers Day in Nottingham" - 36 people]
Distress Awareness Training Agency (DATA) applied for further
DETAF funding to host a "Training the Trainers" event. Initially scheduled
Autumn 1992, it was delayed to
29.5.1993 whilst DATA obtained further
support from Rochdale Council's Equal Opportunities and Central Training
By the early 1990s,
was no longer in existence
November 1991 Survivors Poetry founded 'to foster and promote
poetry workshops and performances for and by survivors of the mental health
system'. 16.11.1991 Survivors' Poetry event with: Ferenc Aszmann (MC
Poet) - Paulette Ng (Poet) - Raz and Sam (Music/poetry duo) - Peter
Campbell (Poet) - Pauline Brady (Singer)
- See also
Survivors Poetry was Arts Council funded. It received £11,750 from
Disability Projects for the financial year 1991/1992, There was no grant in
1992/1993, but from 1993/1994 there was continuous funding apart from the
crisis year of 2006/2007
On Our Own Terms
2003 Table 4
says "1991 Emergence of networks and groups for survivor art, poetry and
drama: A major network is Survivors' Poetry, which runs workshops and
performances, and publishes collections of survivor poetry."
Asylum Autumn 1991
Asylum Winter 1991/1992
1991-1995 Rhian Thompson studied Communication at Queen Margaret
University, Edinburgh. From September 2010 to September 2012 she was
Information Officer at the
Scottish Independent Advocacy Alliance. See
On Our Own Terms 2003 Table
dates (some?) user-run services from 1992. It says user-run
drop-ins were established, including McMurphys in Sheffield and
Brixton Community Sanctuary in Lambeth. - Brixton Community
Sanctuary and Lambeth Community Fourum were projects
closely associated with
"By 1992 more than a hundred local survivor groups had
come into being, stimulated by the
1990 NHS and Community Care Act and the
Mental Illness Specific Grant (MISG) in 1991. These groups
became linked up through the creation in 1992 of the
United Kingdom Advocacy Network (UKAN)"
Department of Health consultation document Inspecting Social Services
"There is a valuable and up to now under-recognised role [in
inspection] for people who actually use the services, those close to them
and able to speak for their interests, and for other lay people" [Lay
Clare Ockwell oversaw the merger of the
Society for the Advancement of Research into Anorexia
(SARA) into the Eating Disorders Association.
and Escher : the Dutch experience : an
examination of the research and development work on voice hearing in the
Netherlands. Manchester : National Hearing Voices Network, 1992.
Paul Monks, a local artist, used an abandoned ward at
Hackney Hospital as his studio. With limited
funding, an open studio was created. "Several successful exhibitions later,
Core Arts was officially born, gaining charitable status in 1994."
The first Scottish Users Conference was held in 1992. The
second was held in
East Lothian Involvement Group ("Our voice on mental health
services") formed 1992 with funding from
CAPS (Consultation and Advocacy
Promotion Service). The group had guest speakers from East
Lothian Mental Health Forum, Disability Scotland and others) and took part
in consultation processes including curriculum planning for Mental Health
Nurse students at Napier University, Edinburgh. It became an independent
1.4.2000 - See
new website 2008
International Journal of Social Psychiatry, Vol. 38, No. 1, 30-35
(1992) "Changes ? What Changes? The Views of the European Patients'
Movement" by Ed Van Hoorn -
Clients' Union in Mental Health Care, The Netherlands
"People on the receiving end of mental health services have an
increasingly important role to play in the transformation of mental health
care. It is argued that user involvement in itself does not guarantee a
good outcome, but we need to take the views of (ex-)patients seriously
without trying to fit them into theories. Dealing with the, often
uncomfortable, relationship between patients and mental health
professionals, and that between patients and relatives' organisations, two
main strands in the European patients' movement are identified: those who
seek to abolish psychiatry (abolitionists) and those who seek to reform it
Tuesday 18.2.1992 10-12 noon Newham Mind Mental Health Public Talks
at Newham Mind, Lawrence Hall, Cumberland Road, E13. Psychiatric Survivors
Speak Out! Through Campaigning/Information/Poetry. Speakers:
(Co-founder and National Secretary of
Survivors Speak Out). A representative from
Fédération Nationale des Associations d'usagers en
Elle a été créée le 1er mars 1992, sous
le sigle FNAP Psy (Fédération Nationale des Associations de
Patients des services Psychiatriques), par trois associations d'usagers,
AME (Association pour le Mieux “tre),
(Association des Psychotiques
Stabilisés Autonomes), Revivre Paris, dont le Président
était Monsieur Jacques Lombard, notre actuel Président
d'Honneur. La fondation de la FNAP PSY a été
encouragée et soutenue par Monsieur le Professeur Edouard Zarifian
et Monsieur Joël Martinez (alors Directeur du Centre Hospitalier
Spécialisé Esquirol 94).
March 1992 Tower Hamlets Union of Mental Patients - Dumpy News no.1
- (newsletter of London Union of Mental Patients). First meeting Saturday
9.5.1992 2pm-5pm. Met monthly. "Almost 20 people" attended the second
meeting. Founded by Vikki, David [Kessel], and Roy. Based at Mind in Tower
Hamlets. - THUMP and LUMP!
Asylum Spring 1992
MINDWAVES Summer 1992, pages 8 and 14:
Survivors Speak Out were recently given £30,000 by the
Health Foundation towards employing a worker. Their main
activities at the
moment include looking for an office base in London and producing the
updated Self-Advocacy Pack which it is hoped will be ready for the
conference in November. Survivors Speak Out's Annual General Meeting will
be on Saturday 31.10.1992 at Hampden Community Centre, Ossulston Street,
Euston. Details from Peter Campbell (home postal address).
National Advocacy Network Additional funding of £50,000 has
been received from the
Health Foundation. The National Advocacy
Network is also looking for an office. Elections to the first management
Commitee are proceeding apace, and an
inaugural General Meeting will be held on 29.9.1992 at the ICC
Asylum Summer 1992
Survivor's Poetry - From Dark to Light, an anthology
Hilary Porter and Joe Bidder, was the first publication of the
Survivors Press (London). 124 pages. ISBN: 1874595003
(paperback). A copy in the
British Library is the only one listed on COPAC. - See
David Harley - Angela S.
- Eric Irwin - Jan J. - David Keay - Bushy Kelly -
Ian Kelly - Judy Kessler - Kim - Jason Kingdon - Lucy Lant - Bill Lewis -
Dinah Livingstone - Laura Margolis - Jan Marshall - Paul Mayhew - Mr Social
Control - Anna Neeter - Paulette Ng - George Parfitt - Eric Penrose -
Hilary Porter - Razz - John Rety - Sara Rivers - Sinead - Neil Sparkes -
Lizzie Spring - Sam Stevens - Peter Street - Leah Thorn -
- James Turner.
Poems by Ferenc Aszmann - Frank Bangay - Joe Bidder - Francesca Blass -
Pauline Bradley - Steve Brewer - Martin Brownlee - Dawn Burgess - Lord Byro
- Peter Campbell - Rosalind Caplin - David Cook - Debbie - Rosemary Dillon
- Michael Francis - Paul Gerhard - Jan Guice -
Illustrations by Martin Brownlee - Colin Hambrook - Neil Sparkes - Frank
Bangay - John Larson - Ken Mullen - Sara Rivers - Jan MarshaLucy Lant - ll
- Paulette Ng - Jan J. - Michael Francis - Hilary Porter - Colin Mahoney -
Jan Guice - Francesca Blass.
||August 1992 MAD premiered at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.
Written and directed by Jeremy Weller. The play was based on the
experiences of and acted by eight women who had suffered mental health
problems. MAD was covered by the BBC's Late Show and Channel 4 News. Won a
Scotsman Fringe Award and Evening News Award
Autumn 1992 contains
Helen Spandler's Socialist Patient Collective article. Helen
begining her MA at
Sheffield University in Psychiatry, Philosophy and Society. The course
leader was Tim Kendall who was involved in Asylum with
Alec Jenner. Alec, who had just retired as Professor of
Psychiatry and became emeritus professor, came back for the occasional
Nick Crossley taught the Sociology component of the course
18.9.1992 to 20.9.1992
"Psychiatries' Presumptions: European Philosophy and Psychiatry".
Conference organized jointly by the University of Sheffield Department of
Philosophy, the Section of ... Sheffield. Reported in
Asylum Winter 1992/1993 and
[May gave been jointly organised with The Royal College of Psychiatrist's
Philosophy Group] Followed by "fat cats" correspondence in Asylum
1 1994 and 2 1994
Inaugural General Meeting of the National
Advocacy Network It changed the name to United Kingdom
Advocacy Network (UKAN).
November? 1992 Third National
Hearing Voices Conference.
The Government set up a
Mental Health Task Force in September 1992
build up a balanced range of locally based services. The full membership of
the group and its support groups was still being finalised in January
On Our Own Terms 2003 Table
Mental Health Task Force Service User Group (part of
of Health's Mental
Health Task Force) set up. Produced
publications: guidelines for service
user charters and
advocacy, ran a series of regional service user conferences and Training
the Trainers events."
Anne Plumb: The User Group had three representatives each from
Survivors Speak Out, the
United Kingdom Advocacy Network and
Mind Link; with the brief
preparing publications on Guidelines for a
local Charter for users of a mental health service - Advocacy - a
practice; and Building on experience, a training pack for mental
service users working as trainers, speakers and workshop facilitators.
The Charter working group was
Jim Read and
- The Advocacy working group was
Ian Mooney and Tony Day - The Training working
group was Roberta Graley,
and Jan Wallcraft. See
... a Mental Health User Task Force
organised 11 events at which over 1,000 service users got their first
introduction to the possibilities of being involved.
(Colin Gell... email
See Sheffield 27.4.1994
- Manchester June 1994 -
Regional acknowledgements were made in 1994 to the contributions of:
Ian Mooney, Migs Noddings,
Terry Simpson, Maria Trainer, Patrick Ward, Michael Lockyer
Manchester. Karen Colligan,
Tony Riley, Ronnie Soeakma
Birmingham. Jane Stallard, Ros Caplin,
Roberta Graley, Jill Henley, Ian
Monney, Leigh Valance
Taunton. Helen Hamilton, Francis Halloran, Phil Savagew, Phil Craqcknell,
John Doveton, Mary Nettle
London. Ros Caplin, Partick Ward, Chris Harrison, Miriam Hastings, David
Crepaz-Keay, Colin King, Jan Wallcraft.
Saturday 10.10.1992 "World Mental Health Day 1992 was a
turning point for mental health service users, when representatives of
three national groups, Mindlink, Survivors Speak Out and the United
Kingdom Advocacy Network (UKAN) met the then Secretary of State for
Virginia Bottomley" [NOT CORRECT - SEE BELOW]
Monday 19.10.1992 Minutes of a meeting on or about the
Mental Health Task Force Service User Group
"Orville Blackwood's mother, Clara Buckley, supported by the
Orvillle Blackwood Community Campaign, was successful at the high court in
their demand for a new inquest..." Campaign c/o Brixton Community
Sanctuary, Talma Road, SW2. Meetings were held at Brixton Town Hall.
Friday 18.12.1992 Meeting with Virginia Bottomley
December 1992 Mary
Nettle self-employed as a Mental Health User Consultant, under
Enterprise Allowance scheme.
Asylum Winter 1992/1993
"Leeds Mental Health
Advocacy Group started 1993" -
External link to its history and the history of advocacy
archive [Actually incorporated as company
limited by guarantee on 16.9.1992] Terry Simpson was a
Director from 29.6.1992 to 29.4.2005 (resigned). Occupation "patients
advocate). "LMHAG'S initial role was to provide trained volunteer advocates
for citizens advocacy and Patients' Councils. One to one representational
advocacy requests were referred to two full time equivalent workers in the
Health Unit of Leeds City Council's Benefits and Rights Department. The
Health Unit was wound up early in 1998 and after six months it became
clear that this had created a serious gap in services. The City Council
then agreed to proposals from LMHAG that workers would provide direct paid
advocacy rather facilitate volunteer advocacy." - Became Advocacy for
and Dementia in December 2007 "to incorporate and promote our Dementia
advocacy services" -
Celebrated "21 years of advocacy (1993-2014)". Company dissolved
IT! Poems by Paulette NG copyright 1993. A tape in Thurstine
Basset's collection. Paulette NG was a member of
1993 Hearing Voices: A sociological study by Michael George
Grierson. University of Manchester, Department of Sociology Ph.D. thesis.
See Ron Coleman
Asylum Winter 1991/1992
Having a Voice -
Beyond Diagnosis, c/o
CAPS, The Engine Shed, 19 St Leonard's Lane, Edinburgh, EH8
Diagnosis issue six produced after an "extremely lengthy
delay". It included a letter about Libellus Dementum (Oxford, England) (p. ) -
a "Self help" article about
Express Group (Fife), which focused on a
theatrical performance at its Annual General Meeting in May 1992 (pages 10-
11) - A personal account of mental illness by Carolyn Raeburn, one of the
Mad at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in August 1992.
Begining of 1993 City and Hackney Mind Advocacy Service established
at Hackney Hospital. Coodinator:
1993 Open Society Institute founded by George Soros in New York.
Peter Barham sent him a letter which eventually led to
substantial funding for Hamlet Trust work in central and eastern Europe.
Joan Hughes' diary: "One hour phone-in on Community Care on
Radio Four. Only five minutes devoted to calls from ex-patients living in
the community - and 55 minutes devoted to calls from relatives and
professionals. Emphasis is always on the worst cases."
29.1.1993 Letter from
Virginia Bottomley to Peter Campbell,
responding to a letter of 7.1.1993. "I very much appreciated meeting last
month with you and the Chairs of the other two organisations. It is so
important that mentally distressed people are actively involved both in
their own treatment plans and in the development of mental health
services." "I know that both
Mrs Conlan and
Ms Haywood are in contact with
officials and that you are all involved in the
Mental Health Task Force Support Group."
Community Care Support Force
February 1993 Two day event "when people from five local areas
(professionals and service users) came together to discuss their progress
so far in developing assessment and care management and how user
participation could be promoted."
26.2.1993 Participants at meeting: Pam Barette: Power House - Nasa
Begum - Blodwen Brewster: Community Care Support Force - Brian
Brianstocker: People First - Jane Campbell: British Council of
Organisations of Disabled People - Alice Ethrington: People First - John
Evans: British Council of Organisations of Disabled people - Phil Friend -
Roberta Graley : UK Advocacy Network (UKAN) - Millee Hill: Black
People Group (Action) - Michael Jeewa: Asian people with Disabilities
Alliance - Cheryl King: Power House: Facilitator -
Viv Lindow: Community
Care Support Force - Lucille Lusk: British Council of Organisations of
Disabled People - Sandra Martin: People First: Facilitator - Narendra
Mehta: Apna Ghar Housing Association - Jenny Morris: Consultant and meeting
chair - Andy Smith: Survivors Speak out - Albert Thompson: British Deaf
Association and Deaf Services Participation Project.
31.3.1993 User Participation in Community Care Services - A
series of documents prepared by Jenny Morris and
Vivien Lindow on behalf of
the Community Care Support Force
Peter Breggin visited the United Kingdom. He
"did a conference in Bristol with
Lucy Johnstone" which Peter Campbell was
supposed to attend, but did not, and "spoke at an event organised by
Hackney Mind", which is where Peter Cambell heard him. (email Peter
Campbell 31.7.2009). At some time, a Peter Breggin/David Cohen Conference
was organised in London by
Pam Jenkinson (Anne
Asylum Spring 1993
April 1993 Short article in Hackney Gazette said someone
(City and Hackney Mind?) was looking for volunteers who had used
psychiatric services to work in Hackney Hospital.
Terry Conway read and responded. This role led to
Mission statement of the (USA) National Association of
Consumer/Survivor Mental Health Administrators (NAC/SMHA)
"represents state mental health department senior managers who are current
or former recipients of mental health services".
Thursday 1.4.1993 Second inquest returns verdict of accidental daeth
in the case of
Blackwood. Clara Buckley, Orvilles's mother, said
"... this is the third young black man who has died in Broadmoor in the
same circumstances and this is accidental death. I can't understand it.
I would like the staff of Broadmoor to come to discuss this situation with
me and really to see what they can do to prevent these deaths in hospitals
like Broadmoor. I am going to take this campaign as broad as I can. It is
time for us to get together as a community to prevent these unnecessary
deaths in secure units and hospitals. I want care and counselling to be the
priority, not drugging."
29.4.1993 Meeting of
Mental Health Task Force Service User Group
David King explained the objectives, and
users listed their concerns. Jan Wallcraft
wrote a memorandum. The meeting was attended
by Peter Campbell from
Survivors Speak Out - Jim Read Independent Trainer - Jan Wallcraft from
MINDLINK - and Edna Conlan from UKAN
29.5.1993 and 30.5.1993
Distress Awareness Training Agency (DATA) "Training the
Trainers" two day event.
Mary Nettle, who had recently become a full-time user
consultant, delivered part of the programme. Sarah Berry, then at North
West Mind, helped with pre-publicity. One of the trainees, Munir Lalani, is
a current member of DATA.
First half of 1993
Experiencing Psychiatry: User's Views of
Services by Anne
David Pilgrim and Ron Lacey. Based on evidence from a survey of
the views of 500 users of psychiatric services. Macmillan in association
with Mind. 205 pages.
12.6.1993 Queen's Birthday Honours list included
"Mrs Edna Conlan,
chair, UK Advocacy Network, for services to
improving mental health" Order of the British Empire Member (MBE). [The
Order has "officers", who are OBEs, and "members, who are MBEs]
Asylum Summer 1993
27.8.1993 "Terms of Reference of the
Voices Forum National Committee". National Schizophrenic
(Anne Plumb collection).
28.7.1993 Meeting of the Charter Group (of the
Mental Health Task Force Service User Group) at Richmond House.
Terry Simpson says
"There seemed at the time something very symbolic in survivors meeting at
the heart of the Department of Health, at Richmond House". He still has the
early draft of the Charter that was discussed at the meeting.
Asylum Autumn 1993: "All Survivor
Issue. Diana Her Survivor Story".
"I had to more or less drop out of
by late 1993 through domestic commitments".
Scottish Users Conference was held in
November 1993. The theme was community care. Workshops were held to
determine gaps in services and to prioritise real needs as identified by
users. Tishe Shaw spoke on black and ethnic minority issues and Maria Fyfe
MP was the other speaker. A report was published in March 1994.
November? 1993 Fourth National
Hearing Voices Conference.
December 1993 - March 1994 Survivors' Poetry UK tour:
Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool,
Late 1993 Hearing Voices Newsletter no 10. Editorial
Nigel Rose Groups continuing to grow. Some survive only a short
while, some go from strength to strength. Hearing Voices Network National
Office (Manchester). Groups - Manchester, Liverpool, North Wales,
Kirkcaldy, Edinburgh, Wakefield, Oxford, South London, North London.
Stopovers on my way home from mars. Reflective journey through the
psychiatric survivor movement in the USA, Britain and the
Mary O'Hagan published by
Survivors Speak Out
about 1994 The Mad Persons Union.
MPU c/o 369 Oxford Street, Sheffield, S6 3FD
Issue 4 "ECT - The Shocking Facts" has material on the
October 1993 Annual
General Meeting of Survivors Speak Out.
Issue 5 identifies "Leading examples of mental illness" in John Major as
Prime Minister, Kenneth Clarke at the Treasury, Michael Howard at the Home
Office, Viriginia Bottomley at Health, John Paten at Education and Peter
Lilley at Social Security. "Peter Lilley regularly displays a startling
fear of 'the other'" - "single parent women and people from countries that
aren't British" [See
Advocacy Information Pack published by
Good Practices in
in 1994. A copy in the British Library is the only one listed on
Wolf Howls [poems] by Paulette NG. copyright 1994. A tape in
Thurstine Basset's collection.
started BUDDIES and
Pat Butterfield started
ECT Anon. "...if it hadn't
been for the support we both gave each other, we couldn't have made it
through the negativity
being aimed towards us at our development stages." (Carol Jenkin, email
Buddies is a Mental Health Support Network and
Befriending Scheme (Black/multi-cultural with mental health issues is its
focus) which was originally based in Bradford, but has now moved to
Manchester where the city seems to support it and want it. (Carol Jenkin
1997 Married in Walthamstow, became a "father of three"
About 1997 that he began "contributing
to the voice of direct, lived experience of using mental health services
... through a range of platforms". a Disc
Jockey. Noted for "role play case studies" See
description on Social Perspectives Network (2005) and
Radio 4 2003
User Survey Steering Group 2003 -
2006 - "the first
Survivor to contribute as a panellist to an Independent Homicide inquiry as
well as an internal inquiry into a Serious and Untoward Incident leading to
the Death in Custody of an African Caribbean Patient". (about 2008/
2007) - Lives with chronic physical health conditions [Since about 2012?}.
Engagement Manager for Mind and Co-chair of the National Survivor User
Dominic Makuvachuma-Walker was born in Zimbabwea, but at sometime came to
London. About 1994 he "survived a racially motivated arson attack
which became a murder investigation" in "inner city London". "I kind of
clammed up and I coiled into myself for a number of years, and I relied
primarily on a lot of support from peers". They set up a users (survivors)
group in Waltham Forest. See
I haven't got a presentation. I am the presentation!
established a mental health service users group in Ireland.
1994 "When I"
[Alison Faulkner] "first arrived at the
Foundation in 1994, June
McKerrow (the then chief executive) said: "Let's do some research that is
user-patient led". I was well connected with service users so got together
different people from user organisations such as
Speak Out and the
UK Advocacy Network as well as
Mind Link and the Brent user group, who had
done so much work involving members of the whole community. We also had
people from the
African-Caribbean Mental Health Association -
the questionnaire by committee and I did all the work in-between."
- This led to
Knowing Our Own Minds
Awaaz users group was set up in 1994 with the support and help
of Having a
1994 Self-help alternatives to mental health services by
Vivien Lindow 78 pages
ISBN: 1874690219 and Purchasing mental health services: self-help
alternatives by Vivien Lindow, 33 pages, ISBN: 1874690227, published
by Mind. 76 pages.
January 1994 The editorial team of Beyond
Diagnosis began to meet again. "We spoke about the
possibility of a relaunch and in the meantime... got on with producing
February 1994 Hearing Voices Newsletter no 11. Editorial
Distress or disability? by
Hackney Patients' Council founded. The founders were
Robert Dellar (coordinator for the City and Hackney Mind
advocacy team, whose office was on the ground floor of F Block) -
Terry Conway, social worker - Deb Percy, retired psychiatric
nurse - Earil Hunter, ex-patient - and Debbie MacNamara ex-patient.
(Robert, Terry and Debbie have articles in Mad Pride 2000.
At this time, there were only two other patients councils in the country
known to the group. The founders made a grant application to the health
authority and gained temporary funding for three months. At the end of the
three months, Hackney Patients Council was offered an annual grant of
£30,000 on condition that certain targets were met and certain pre-
for predecessors in Hackney Hospital -
- See below
April 1994 A Report Concerning Conditions at the Hackney
Hospitals as Seen by the Patients" by Earil Hunter and Phil Murphy, edited
Robert Dellar, published by City and Hackney Mind Mental Health
1.3.1994 Have We Got Views for You - User Evaluation of Case
Marion Beeforth -
Edna Conlan - and
Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health.
13.4.1994 Accepting Voices. Understanding the Voice Hearing
Experience Brixton - The Hearing Voices Network.
1994). This was the first Hearing Voices conference to be aimed
at psychiatrists and mental health professionals. Speakers included
Sondra Escher -
Consultant psychiatrist Philip Thomas (University of Wales) on The British
Experience; Clinical psychologist Gillian Haddock (University of
Manchester) who developed the 'focusing' approach to coping with hearing
voices on Psychological Therapies;
Alan Leader, Helen Heap
Anne Walton on the HVN (aims, objectives, work) and
from HVN on
coping with the experience.
27.4.1994 "Forging Our Futures" conference at
the Forte Crest Hotel on Manchester Road in Sheffield
part of the
Mental Health Task Force process - Organised by
Roberta Graley and
Terry Simpson of
May 1994 Hearing Voices Newsletter no 12. Karina Carlyn, voice
hearer takes job as editor from
Nigel Rose. "We thought it was time that a voice hearer took
over the job as editor. There is a wind of change blowing through the whole
of the Hearing Voices network and we voice hearers are taking on more and
more responsibilities in the running of our organisation at every level. We
believe it is time we were in control of our destiny."
Funding of £25000 received from
Mental Health Foundation.
May 1994 Ron
(Manchester HVN) and
(South London HVN) attending conference in Maastricht organised by
Friday 6.5.1994 UK Government blocked a Civil Rights (Disabled
Persons Bill) aimed to give disabled people protection against
discrimination. A government backed Disability Discrimination Act became
law in November 1995. This created the National Disability Council.
27.5.1994 Annual General Meeeting of the
Forum. Issue 7 of
Diagnosis reports. Groups mentioned include "E.A.M.H." -
Lothian Mental Health Forum -
the Patients Council - Sprout -
said that UKAN "seems to have no representatives from Scotland" [John
MacDonald was on the UKAN board for several years as a Scottish
representative - Two UKAN tresurers were from Scotland and for many years
UKANs links with Scotland were strong. (Terry Simpson 2.6.2009)
June 1994 "Forging Our Futures" conference at
part of the
Mental Health Task Force process.
Andrew Hughes outlined
history of the
Distress Awareness Training Agency (DATA) (as since reused on
this web page). "A volunteer scribe from the audience that day,
Caroline Hellewell, is now DATA's most senior member". (Andrew Hughes -
former coordinator and treasurer DATA)
2.7.1994 Founding conference of
Psychology, Politics, Resistance
"Psychology Politics Resistance was founded in 1994 as a
network of people who are prepared to oppose the abusive uses of
psychology. Members of PPR in different places have organised meetings and
have been involved in a number of different campaigns. The purpose of PPR
is not to duplicate or replace but to network the many different groups and
individuals who have already been organising. Now our newsletter is
incorporated in Asylum magazine"
(discourse unit website)
Beyond Diagnosis c/o CAPS, 5 Cadzoow Place, Edinburgh, EH7
Summer 1994? issue 7 of Beyond
Diagnosis - "I'll stick my neck out here and say that issue
8 should be out before the end of the year"
Oor Mad History shows Issue 7 (fairground) on top of 6
(money) and an earlier addition. The fairground photograph was taken by
Jimmy Osborne, the money photograph by Tony Hankins.
Oor Mad History "I kind of came in towards the end of
Beyond Diagnosis. It was a
magazine that offered creative opportunities for people with mental
health problems and used mental health services. There was
photography, poetry, fiction and autobiographical pieces... I think it
gave people a space to be open about having mental health problems.
August 1994 Hearing Voices Newsletter no 13.
Orville Blackwood Community Campaign "In memory of all those who
have not survived psychiatry". A picket of survivors to be held outside the
Royal College of Psychiatry... 11am to 1pm.
November 1994 Appointment of Hackney Patient Council workers: Eileen
Philip - Julie Hathaway - Phil Murphy - and Andy Martin (the present
November? 1994 Fifth National
Hearing Voices Conference.
November 1994 Judith Morgan-Freer, another user, elected vice-chair
of Mind, in place of
Mike Lawson. Mike had been asked to step down by Tim Durkin
(retiring chair) who had proposed Judith Morgan-Freer as Mike's
replacement. Judith served for one year and was succeded by another user,
3.11.1994 and 4.11.1994 Conference of the British Medical
Association on Core Values for the Medical Profession in the 21st Century.
"recognising that paternalism is no longer an appropriate model
for the doctor-patient relationship... argued that the relationship should
be a 'partnership of mutual trust' in which doctors should encourage
patients to help decide treatment and care."
(Mike Crawford, March
29.11.1994 and 30.11.1994 Conference "Forging our Futures"
held at Derby by the
Mental Health Task Force User Group to mark the
culmination of their work. A transcript was published in 1995
Forging Our Futures: Lighting the Fire. London: Mental Health Task
Force User Group - Conference proceedings, discussing work of the mental
health task force user group. Details examples of user involvement in
service planning and
On Our Own Terms 2003
says: "1994: National Service User Conference in Derby, attended by over
service users representing the movement, endorses national charter and
December 1994 Launch of Schizophrenia Media
Hearing Voices Network, 1st Floor, Fourways House, 16 Tariff St, Manchester
M1 2FN. Tel: 061-228 3896.
Health Matters Feature
1.12.1994 First World Assembly (and Fourth World Congress) of
Disabled Peoples' International held Sydney, Australia. Paper by
Gloria Gifford on "Psychiatric
System Survivors and the Disabled People's Movement".
The A.C.O.R.N (Advocacy and Community On-line Resource Network) project was
designed in late/early 1994/1995. The concept was
to use the media of the Internet to produce a service that would be useful
for communications, organisational developments and information and most
importantly a service that was open and independent.
World Wide Web is available anywhere so, Bolton is as equal as
Internet: ... we had a dream, the mental health user movement U.K
plugged into the Internet with pages crammed full of information for
individuals and organisations. Despite making our way up to a United
Kingdom Advocacy Networks management meeting early in 95 the management
committee decided to defer any active involvement in the project until a
decisive vote was had on the matter.. A bid to MHF in early 95 was also
(article by B.J. Brecknock)
: Forbidden narratives : critical autobiography
published. Republished 2003. 160 pages -
(Google books extracts)
- "about her personal
involvement with the
user movement - and how it resonated with her own experiences of women's
oppression and also her own experience of physical/mental breakdown" (Helen
About 1995 The begining of
Clare Allan's "lost decade" See
Daily Mail interview 4.3.2008
"National self-harm network" in
73, page 13.
Is the Writing on the Asylum Wall? by
the imprint of his "Action Consultancy and Training (ACT)" in 1995. Other
publications followed under the same imprint: Celtic Madness -
The Voice Inside and Killing Me Softly.
Gilbert formed Handsell Publishing in 1997. Handsell organised a conference
to mark ten years of the Hearing Voices Network in
1998 and then conferences on
March 1995 Meetings and draft
"ongoing statement" of
Asylum Spring 1995
Under the Asylum Tree - 15.4.1995 Survivors Poetry
150 Ossulston Street, Special Anthology Launch
BBC Horizon programme for and about people who hear voices. Many
more people contacting the
Hearing Voices Network.
10.5.1995 Beautiful Octopus Club, The Albany, Deptford, SE8,
Heart 'n Soul - 'the first cabaret club to open in London to
give expression to the culture of learning disabled people'.
Asylum Summer 1995
July 1995 National Conference in Manchester that was the culmination
Helen Spandler's research at
42nd Street into the needs and experiences of young people who
attempt suicide or self-harm.
August 1995 Survivors Poetry Scotland launched as part of the Out of
Sight - Out of Mind Exhibition at Kelvingrove Art Gallery (Glasgow). - See
November? 1995 Sixth National
Hearing Voices Conference.
November 1995 Lisa
Haywood elected vice-chair of Mind. She served until 2006.
December 1996 On a snowy morning, Sidney Millin, a journalist from
Zimbabwe arrived in London "to make a new start in life". See
2000 Sidney joined THACMHO -
ITU meeting -
Lifting Barriers -
Survivors Speak Out information sheets by Adina Halpern,
solicitor, were published in 1995: "The Survivors Speak Out Crisis Card"
and "Advance Directives".
(Anne Plumb collection). - See
Mind Advice on Advance Directives
Five or six years after the launch of
at the Survivors Speak Out AGM in 1989, Peter
Campbell recalls someone from Mind coming to Survivors Speak Out and saying
"Mind are not interested in the idea of Advance Directives - Will you take
(1995) Direct Power: A Resource Pack for People Who Want to Develop
Their Own Care Plans and Support Networks. London: Brixton Community
Sanctuary, Pavilion Publishing and Mind
1995 On Our Own
Terms 2003 Table
says: "1995-present Service users/survivors as workers:
Employment campaigns and programmes are developed by service users,
in Nottingham, and service user employment programme to
support service users to find work within the South West London and St
George's NHS Trust."
[Not called that then?]
Rachel Perkins, a
clinician and service user, set up the South West London and St
became part of the scheme. She had physical
disabilities from 1976 and had campaigned
around those issues. In 1990 she developed clinical depression as a result
of brain damage from her disability and transferred to mental health
Internet: "The only way I knew there was any survivors activism was
by finding the
online Madness list in the US in 1996. There were only 3 of us
from the UK on the list and I kept wishing we had a UK movement like them.
I didn't know about you guys. So historically speaking
the internet has made a big change in the ways we can
Patricia Chambers began her research creer by
conducting her own research into "different ways, pathways
or reasons that young black men were coming into the mental health system".
1996 The Avon Mental Health Measure, The Avon Mental Health
Bristol, published by Mind. "A measure designed to enable users of
mental health services to have a structured voice within the process of
their care to help identify needs and priorities. A service user-centred
approach to assessing need... a comprehensive, valid measure for drawing
up care plans, based on identified needs. It helps engage service users in
the management of their care. The assessment tool enables service
users to examine various aspects of their lives, resulting in a holistic
needs assessment which, when used over time, can be used as a proxy
measure of outcome." Vicky
"it was South West
Mind (Earle Kessler and Alison Cox are names I remember) who led on it
rather than user groups, although the steering group had people from
Bristol survivors patients council on it as well as commissioner's and
providers council and mental health care trust (before AWP) existed
services were provided by 3 acute non mental health trusts across Bristol
and this one was in United Bristol Health Care Trust patch mainly" Glen
In 1996 Peter Relton became
Service User Development Worker with the new "Bradford
Treatment Service". He says he was "the first service user in the UK
employed to provide a user perspective within a team of mental heath
professionals". He also speaks of "post-psychiatry, which has its origins
in the work pioneered by the Bradford Home Treatment Service."
"We have been a pioneering and
radical group since 1996" (Denise Mckenna).
Pete Shaughnessy one of Southwark Mind's
original user members and was its first chair. Denise Mckenna joined
acouple of months later in 1996 and they became co-chairs.
Southwark Mind had been almost user led
for about a year before the 1997 AGM - with the enabling help of Anna
Carver of the Independent Advocacy Service -
and we had all been working towards it becoming fully user led for some
time. There was no opposition to it becoming user led. (Denise Mckenna)
Besides being involved in Southwark Mind, Pete was involved in many other
user activities, some of which involved users from Southwark Mind, but many
were distinct from Southwark Mind. (Denise Mckenna) See
24.8.1997 Southwark Mind AGM that converted it into a user run
[The following is misleading in at least two respects: Pete Shaughnessy,
with the help of Denise Mckenna, "carved up" the 1997 Annual General
Meeting of Southwark Mind, turning it into a user-lead charity. This led to
Robert Dellar being
appointed as a development worker "to take ideas forward including Pete's"
December 1998 -
December 2010 -
And the World Really Had Changed (ISBN: 1901045005)
published by Leeds Survivor Poets. LSP Press, Leeds, 1996.
25 Cms x 18 Cms. 135 pages, 99 poems written by members of The Leeds
Survivors' Poetry group, who describe themselves as survivors of "mental
health system involvement". The poetry varies from humorous to touching to
painful, and is the first anthology by this group.
Sharon Lefevre, Killing me Softly. Self harm, survival not suicide
Handsell Publishing, 1996. 95 pages. ISBN: 1903199069
1996 Perspectives on Manic Depression - A Survey of the
Fellowship, by Robert Gareth Hill, Pollyanna Hardy and Geoff
The Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health, -
external download -
offline - The most recent leaflet was one on
the self-management of manic-depression. This concept was picked up by the
Voices. See also
Mary Nettle February 2000.
about 1996 that Tina Coldham walked out of her psychiatrist's room
thinking "Is this all there is?" A local charity helped her set up and run
a self-help group, which she did for eight years. About 1999 she began
working as a Mental Health User Consultant/Trainer. She coordinated user
evaluations of a city centre day centre (2000), mental health day services
in the rural areas of South Winchester, and a hybrid service (CAB,
Advocacy, Housing, and legal advice) in an inpatient setting (2001). She
was elected to the
Mind Link National Advisory
Panel in 2003 and is vice-chair of the
National Survivor User Network
1996 [Daniel] Kofi Sunu became Head of Supported Housing and Care
Services, Kush Housing Association, Hackney. About 1997 Kush Housing
established the Nile Centre, a mental health crisis centre for people of
African and Afro-Caribbean origin, living in Hackney. This aim to reduce
the number admitted to hospital as schizophrenic.
[BBC link]. About ten years later, Kofi Sunu helped to start
Aya or fern is a symbol of endurance and resourcefulness. In 1996,
Hammersmith and Fulham Black User Group (Hand f Bugs) chose this
"because we thought it was apt for the experience of the members of the
group". (website) [website lost].
was a member of this group.
BUGs (Black User Group) was "a self help black user/survivor group
believes in sharing the mechanisms that have helped us recover from mental
illness or maintain a reasonable quality of life while suffering mental
distress, with other people in the same position. We work in the community
with other black user/survivors that have mental health issues. We do
regular hospital visits to the local mental health unit, where we will sit
and talk to in-patients there and take them in small items that they may
need during their stay. We also run a drop-in once a month on the first or
last Tuesday of that month. Here people can come and relax and play games
and have refreshments and discuss topics and issues that are pertinent to
them. We take part in research and also run conferences and events with a
user/survivor focus and lead and here we will quite often debate current
mental health issues. BUG's is completely run by user/survivors." It was
based at The Ellerslie Centre 50 Ellerslie Rd Shepherds Bush W12 7BW.
Tower Hamlets African and Caribbean Mental Health
was established in 1996 by
Cumberbatch. Its projects include
"The Health Through
One of its symbols is Tabono representing strength,
perseverance. Another is the Sankofa bird that flies forward while looking
backward with an egg in its mouth. The egg symbolises the future. We must
go back and reclaim our past so we can move forward; so we understand why
and how we came to be who we are today.
- 2000 -
out of the picture leaflet -
2001 history sub-
committee - October
2001 walk and exhibition -
October 2002 walk -
conference on West Indian Seamen -
book - January
2006 ITU meeting -
May 2006 (Decade) -
2007 website -
Sugar and Slavery -
London - May 2008 THACMHO Newsletter: Summer edition -
19.3.2010 Pageant -
14.7.2010 Birmingham Seminar -
report from Fabian and Philip -
heritage bid -
feared closure -
working with Mellow -
2017 Death of
Philip Morgan - spirit of
conference held Mind Open House, 13 Whitethorn Street, E3.
St Clements Hospital, Care in the community, and eventual
provision of a mental health resource centre.
Active members before 2015 included -
Sidney Millin -
Philip Morgan -
Fabian Tompsett -
Sam Shakes -
1996 Black Women's Mental Health Project set up: "Two women - Mary
Ampah and Hyacinth Dapaa - set up the group. They registered the name as a
company. All they had, when I joined them in 1996, was one community room
in Stonebridge, which they were given, plus four chairs which they provided
themselves." - [Currently] "We are at Park Royal Business Centre in
Harlesden... We have proved over and over again that The Black Womens'
Mental Health Project is a beneficial, valuable addition to community
welfare in Brent."
(Angela Linton-Abulu contact person March 2003) -
Brian Hartnett returned home to Limerick, where a doctor
diagnosed him as schizophrenic. "For the first time ever I realised that
everything going on in my head could possibly be attributed to an illness
and that this illness might be treatable". "When he said he could prescribe
medication that would stop this nightmare, a glimmer of hope appeared on
the horizon. I was worried though about what this drug, would do to me.
Would it turn me into a vegetable, would I be sedated to a state of
numbness. He reassured me by saying it was a relatively new drug and that
it was the best thing for me. He mentioned hospital saying I could go there
but I agreed to be treated as an out patient under my parents supervision.
He also gave me a prescription for side effects." "The effect of the
medication was to subdue the voices and delusions to a state where I could
function to a relatively normal degree, but I found that I also had to be
careful to avoid stressful situations. I had to eat, sleep and exercise on
a regular basis. I also had to take the medication twice a day every day.
If I didn't look after myself in this way the voices and delusions would
rise up and start to interfere in my life again."
"Some Points to Consider when Putting your Crisis Card into Use" Survivors
Speak Out Information sheet.
(Anne Plumb collection).
The UK Federation of Smaller Mental Health Agencies -
"Representing the Unrepresented"
formed as a result of a Forum organised by
Matthew Trust in the House of Lords in February 1996.
Founder and President
120 representatives of 86 agencies attended and agreed that the Federation
should be formed. As many again wrote in with support after that meeting.
The Federation is a Company limited by Guarantee (number 3236769). It is
a membership-based Charity (number 1058342) set up to support its locally
based and independent Members who develop and provide mental health
services in their community. At its peak it had 250 voting and associate
members, representing more than 150,000 service users.
Federation website archive.
Not updated since November 2005. The Trust Deed of
The O'Hara Trust (On the Side), a family charity which supports
the Federation, is dated 21.3.1997. "On The Side is a charity which mainly
supports the efforts of small user-led mental health groups."
March 1996 Pembrokeshire Hearing Voices Group (Grwp Clywed Lleisiau
Sir Benfro formed. Between April 1998 and March 2000 the group produced
a monthly newsletter (edited by Hywel Davies). These were later bound as
Hearing and Belonging. The Newsletter Pack 2000. Hywel also produced
Hearing Voices: An Information Pack in 1998 and the Mental Health
Factfile (Ffeil Ffeithiau Iechyd Meddwl).
Gobbing, Pogoing and Gratuitous Bad Language!: An Anthology of Punk
Short Stories published by Spare Change Books.
4.4.1996 Launch of Brixton Community Sanctuary Anthology, by
Survivors Poetry at
June 1996 Highland Users Group (HUG) established.
Summer? 1996 Press launch of
Who's Hurting Who? Young people, self-harm and suicide.
"During that launch, a story was touted around the tabloid press with the
headline 'voluntary sector encourages people to self harm', and a
psychiatrist, on local television, indicated that we were out of our depth.
Following this publicity, we also learnt that some services mistakenly
believed that 42nd Street had 'cutting rooms.' Accepting that self harm may
be 'functional' for some young people at particular times in their lives
did not mean that we actively endorsed or encouraged self harm, nor
provided places where young people could 'cut up'. Despite these
misunderstandings and attempts to undermine our work, we knew from our
experience that young people responded positively to a less controlling
approach." (42nd Street Forward to
Spandler and Warner 2007)
October 1996 launch of the Millennium Awards scheme by the
Millennium Commission. The Millennium Commission was set up under the
National Lottery Act of 1993. It met between February 1994 and
2006. Millennium Awards were small (typically about £2000) grants to
individual people for projects which benefited themselves and their
community. They were administered by charities, including Mind. Mind
Millennium Awards made 514 awards from a total grant of £1,011,629 -
See weblink. Awards made included to
Pegler - Andrew Hughes -
10.10.1996 Sweet, Sour and Serious: illustrated anthology
Glasgow: Survivors' Press Scotland, 1996. 136 pages. 22 cm.
Includes portraits. Includes indexes. ISBN: 095291400X. Launched on World
Mental Health Day, which was also National Poetry Day.
COPAC lists two copies: One in the National Library of Scotland
and the other in Bristol.
15.11.1996 and 16.11.1996 Seventh? Eighth? National
Hearing Voices Conference. Who Owns Voices, Who Owns
Psychosis. Language in Crisis. Birmingham. Hearing Voices Network in
Action Consultancy and Training. Speakers included Phil Barker,
Richard Bentall, Lisa Blackman, Thomas Bock,
Ron Coleman, Jenny Day,
Sondra Escher, Gill
Haddock, Sharon Le
Loren Mosher, Ian Parker, Eoro Riikonen,
Marius Romme, S P Sashideran, Tholene Sodi, Phil Thomas, Sara
Should we be mainstream?
Engage Visually depict the way the river was
flowing in 1997 - but Reclaim Bedlam (and later Mad Pride) were a counter
Conflict or collaboration? In the 1990s, Peter Campbell suggests,
the survivors movement was mainly collaborative. Large numbers of local
group worked closely with service providers and
nationally the government sponsored
Mental Health Task Force brought people together.
1997 is remembered for iconic collaborations and conflicts in
culture which continue to provide foci for debate.
The year began
peacefully with a
lottery grant to "document and disseminate people's
strategies for living with mental health problems". This helped fund the
conferences from March 1998.
Collaborative events coinciding with the 750th
anniversary of Bethlem included
The Bethlem Gallery "for artists who have
experienced mental health problems" and
Beyond Bedlam: Poems written out of Mental Distress.
the celebrations also engendered cultural conflict in the
Reclaim Bedlam campaign,
eventually leading to Mad Pride.
Reflecting on these events, Peter
(Summer 1998) "If
mental health service users/survivors are to take charge of our future,
then we must also regain control of our past"
Nick Crossley's research on mental health movements probably
began in 1996 or 1997. He was at
Sheffield at the time (Contesting Psychiatry p.9).
Peter Campbell was interviewed in 1997. Nick contacted
in 1996 or 1997 to ask about her knowledge of the local and national
movements, including the survivor/patients movement. She lent him some of
the material she had collected over the years, including material that
Andrew Roberts and
Clive Perrett had copied for her on the MPU and SPK. She also gave him a
few local contacts in Manchester and details of other national figures -
including Andrew Roberts. (email 2.10.2012). Nick interviewed Andrew on
Mary Nettle appointed a
Mental Health Act Commissioner (since 2009 part of
Care Quality Commission). "My role is visiting psychiatric units
to ensure the rights of patients, detained under the 1983 Mental Health Act
(amended 2007), are observed." -
"Ms M. Nettle" is one of the eleven "Lay Visit Members" 1997-
1999 listed in the
Mental Health Act Commission's eighth biennial report.
Kathryn Church: Because of where we've been : the business behind the
business of psychiatric survivor economic development
Toronto?. 40 pages. "Written for the
Ontario Council of Alternative
in partnership with 761 Community Development
On Our Own Terms 2003 Table
says: "1997-present Service user/survivor-led innovations for self-managing
mental health problems are
developed by service users/survivors: Service user/survivor-led crisis
projects emerge in Devon, Brighton, Birmingham, London,
Wokingham, Corby, Leeds and elsewhere.
Advance directives are developed as
ensuring choice of treatment in crisis.
Manic Depression Fellowship
self management programme. The
Strategies for Living project runs annual 'Big Alternative'
[from March 1998] which become the focus for service
"When I first came to
in 1997 in Edinburgh there was only
CAPS and a very, very young
that had been around for a
couple of years and only worked in the North East of Edinburgh.
Over the next 10 years I watched advocacy becoming more and
more rooted in the Lothians. CAPS were instrumental in establishing
individual advocacy in East Lothian and also in Midlothian as well,
so really it's been gradual haul over 10 years up until about
and the final stage in that was the Mental Health Act." (Keith Maloney in
Oor Mad History)
Afiya Trust was established as a charity in 1997.
INTERVOICE, the International Network for Training, Education
and Research into
Hearing Voices, was established 1n 1997.
archive of voices.schublade.org website starting
intervoiceonline.org starting 27.4.2007.
However "The 1st World Hearing Voices Congress took place in Maastricht,
September 2009. It was this congress that led to the
formation of Intervoice".
Current website "In 1997 a meeting of voice hearers and mental
health workers was held in Maastricht to discuss developing the further
promotion and research into the issue of voice hearing. The meeting decided
to create a formal organizational structure to provide administrative and
coordinating support to the wide variety of initiatives in the different
involved countries. The new network was called Intervoice (The
International Network for Training, Education and Research into Hearing
Voices). Intervoice holds annual steering group meetings, encourages and
supports exchanges and visits between member countries and the translation
and publication of books and other literature on the subject of hearing
voices. Intervoice was incorporated in 2007 as a not for profit company
under UK law. In 2012, we registered as a UK charity, under the name
International Hearing Voices Projects - known as Intervoice."
Charity number 1148779. Company number 06337580
1997 Skallagrigg House opened in Birmingham, with funding from the
Mental Health Foundation's crisis programme. Later, in diferrent premises,
it was called Anam Cara (Celtic for 'soul friend').
A crisis house run by "C.H.A.N.G.E." to provide an alternatives to
acute hospital inpatient admission. All staff had experienced their own
mental health crises. Only staffed during the day (weekdays) and limited
support at weekends. Piers Allott is described as the "main developer".
Mental Health Uganda volunteer, Daniel Iga Mwesigwa,
Psychiatry Users in Africa in the Ad hoc Committee Meetings at the UN
during the drafting of the
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Mental Health Uganda works through community-based associations of people
with mental illness and their caregivers to share experiences, success and
breakthrough stories to create awareness and reduce social stigma.
and to improve mental health service provision.
website archive and
1997 In Uganda, Eddie Nkurunungi experienced his first episode of
mental illness and was admitted to Butabika Hospital where, like
Joseph Atukunda, he
was subjected to isolation. In 1999 he completed his studies, but at about
this time his mother died in a motor accident. Travelling to the United
Kingdom in search of a better life, he discovered a culture clash. In
2006 he was admitted to a hospital in East London. There he took part in
"Working Together" groups in which users met with clinicians. In August
2007 he returned to Uganda - Another culture shock as he had to make new
visited Uganda in 2007 and made contact about the
idea. Eddie Nkurunungi was Adminstrator/ Treasurer
Heartsounds Uganda from December 2009 to February 2014 and. Coordinator
to February 2015. (Mainly based on
Eddie Nkurunungi 9.4.2016
Knowing Our Own Minds -
Users Views of Alternative and Complementary Treatments in Mental
Mental Health Foundation
Why do you think Knowing Our Own Minds was important?
"The Foundation was making a transition away from being a committee-led
organisation funding doctors, so it was a way of trying to change the
emphasis and say: "It's all very well what research says about what's
effective but what do we find helpful, what do we think about these
different treatments and therapies?" There wasn't much research asking
people their opinions about services and treatments. I think it was ground
breaking because it really was designed by us."
"The Strategies for Living research
project followed on from the
Knowing our own Minds survey by investigating
in greater depth the key issues raised by the survey, through
face-to-face interviews with 71 people." [source?]
How did the Strategies for Living program follow-on...?
"Our aim was to document and disseminate people's own ways and strategies
for managing mental distress, primarily through user-led research. The core
piece of work was the Strategies for Living report, but we also then
invited applications from service users to do their own research. I think
that was the most innovative and exciting part, because we were
giving people training in skills and understanding research. I think it had
a huge impact." (Alison Faulkner 2.2009)
In 1997 the
National Lottery Charities Board made a grant to the Mental
Health Foundation for a three year programme of work led by service users,
to "document and disseminate people's strategies for living with mental
May 1997 Steering group established with members from
UK Advocacy Network - the
Manic Depression Fellowship -
Depression Alliance -
African-Caribbean Users Forum -
Mind Link - and the
Scottish Users Network.
September 1997 Jim Green's report on consultations with users groups
in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Irelend.
Jan Wallcraft's report on published and unpublished work on the
role of alternative and complementary therapies in mental health.
First newsletter. Jan Wallcraft appointed researcher for the
strategies for living project.
"Since 1997 the Mental Health Foundation has played a key role in
supporting and promoting user/survivor-led research in the mental health
field across the UK through its Strategies for Living initiative." Phase
one of the initiative ran from 1997 to
2000 and phase two from 2000 to
(Mental Health Foundation, November 2003))
"The Survivor Researcher Network began as part of the work of the
Strategies for Living
project hosted by the Mental Health
(confirm with Alison Faulkner) in the very late 1990s. S4L no longer
exists but the SRN continues to be supported by the MHF who provide a
room and travelling/subsistence expenses and administrative support."
(David Armes, email 1.8.2008) - See
- website 29.9.2002: "Research
Newsletter of the 'Research Support Network', part of the
'Strategies for Living' programme from the Mental Health Foundation. The
Research Support Network aims to encourage people with experience of mental
health problems to find out more about what helps them."
Website established July 2009 with this text: Survivor
Researcher Network (SRN) The SRN is an informal network of people who
have experience of mental health problems or emotional distress. They are
interested in sharing thier experiences as researchers in the mental health
field. Feel free to join if you are a service user or survivor doing
research. They meet up in London every quarter. Reasonable travel expenses
will be paid. Also, some of the SRN members have been involved with the
production of the book
This is Survivor Research ISBN 978 1 906254 14 8.
Survivor Researcher Network, c/o Mental Health Foundation, 9th Floor, Sea
Containers House, 20 Upper Ground, London, SE1 9QB.
Coverage of Organisation National
Veronica Dewan appointed by West Sussex Social Services to set
up a Users as Trainers' Project as a training project for people in
West Sussex who use mental health services. This became the
Capital Project Trust in
contact details). CAPITAL
stands for "Clients and Professionals in Training and Learning".
In August 2005 it had just under 100 members, many of whom work as
delivering service user focused training or are involved in consultancy and
Clare Ockwell, one of
its founders, is an active member of the
Service Users History Group, as is its ex-Director,
May 1997 "The North West Right to Refuse
Electroshock Campaign was
formed following a packed public meeting organised by
Psychology Politics Resistance in May 1997 at
Hall. The founding meeting heard members of
ECT Anonymous describe the
effects of this `treatment'"
Summer and Autumn 1997
Reclaim Bedlam campaign (protest against the
celebration of Royal
Bethlehem Hospital anniversary), eventually leading to formation of
Mad Pride, a group that organises demonstrations and
celebrations of 'mad
culture'. (On Our Own Terms
4) - but incorrectly given as 1999
750th anniversary celebrations of
These were publicised
in March (Probably earlier).
Pete Shaughnessy (Evening Standard Magazine
17.3.2000) "I was involved in the Maudsley at the time. They
came and talked to us, as an afterthought, and said we'll have a "Users'
the third day. I thought that was really token, that we were
on at the end of this really naff event. And then they said we're having a
Thanksgiving Service at St Paul's, and I think that's probably when I
snapped. We called that a Commemoration, for the people who have died and
the sadness they've lived in."
Pete Shaughnessy and
colleagues in Southwark Mind countered the idea of "celebration" with that
of "commemoration" in what he later described as a "battle with the
Maudsley PR machine". "We spoke at Reclaim the Streets and political
events. We gatecrashed conferences... I know we pissed users of with our
A picket of the staff ball and following "Fun Day" (Family Spectacular) was
planned. However, when Pete heard that users were willing to cross the
picket line in order to run a stall at the Family Spectacular - "I lost my
nut, which meant I threatened to bring Reclaim the Streets down to smash up
their stall." The police were called and the pickets had to be called off.
Friday 21.6.1997 Staff Summer Ball at Bethlem
Family Spectacular "An open afternoon at Bethlem"
Sunday 23.6.1997 Proposed third day to be devoted to users? (see
"The first events were ... a rally and march from the Imperial War Museum
to the Maudsley in Camberwell; and a picket of the service at St Paul's,
which involved a minute's silence on the steps outside". (Pete Shaughnessy
"We had our first picnic at the
Imperial War Museum... Simon Hughes MP came and spoke. There
were features in the Big Issue and Nursing Times, and we were
next event was to screw up the thanksgiving service at St Paul's
Mad Pride (2000) page 22)
Monday 21.7.1997 "Happy Birthday Bedlam?" The Big Issue
Wednesday 23.7.1997 "Two sides to every story" Nursing Times
Southwark Mind AGM
Thursday 23.10.1997 Service of Thanksgiving at St Paul's
Sunday 31.8.1997 Although nothing appears to happened in the world
for 24 hours except the death of Diana Princess of Wales, in fact many
dependent people suffered neglect as staff watched television.
Sunday 31.8.1997 Sunday Mirror article by Lynne Kelleher,
Screamers are back! - See
September 1997 Issue one of The Camden Bugle - Monthly Newsletter
Camden Mental Health Consortium
September 1997 Doing Disability Research, edited by
Colin Barnes and Geoff Mercer, published by The Disability Press, Leeds.
Available online. See chapter five
Psychiatric System Survivors and Emancipatory research: Issues, overlaps
and differences by
Peter Beresford and
Jan Wallcraft - (
Strategies for Living Newsletter
Volume 1 Issue 1.
[Issue 2 January 1998 -
[Issue 3 March 1998 -
Advocacy France is a national network of five local associations, which was
set up in 1996 by Martine Dutoit and
Claude Deutsch. The Paris premises are located in Place des
Fêtes in the 19th arrondissement.
(source) - (See
October 1997 Formal constitution? of Advocacy France. "Un mode de
participation active des usagers en
santé mentale" (a way of active participation by
users of mental health services)- The association started in 1996 -
Beyond Bedlam: Poems written out of Mental Distress, Anvil Press (in
conjunction with Bethlem and Maudsley - the Mental Health Foundation - Mind
- Survivors Poetry
Beyond Bedlam consists of a mixture of general survivors' poetry,
work by famous poets who had experienced mental distress, such as
John Clare and T S Eliot, and work by living poets who might not
be known to the
public as survivors.
Ken Smith and
who both said they experienced
"emotional turmoil" in their lives.
Felix Post who retired in 1978 as psychogeriatrician at Bethlem
The cover shows
A Mask by Vaslav Nijinsky
15.11.1997 Survivors Poetry launch of Beyond Bedlam with
poets from the new anthology. (Hampden Community Centre)
(Chronology of Disability Arts.
Joe Bidder states that,
It did away with a taboo in the literary world. All
these famous poets saying, "I've been in the bin too."'A first print run of
5,000 copies sold out within five months. 'The book had favourable reviews
in every single broadsheet paper. It was a transforming moment.
other launches "the book was launched at a celebratory reading at the
Museum of London followed by readings in other parts of the country" (source)
"The anthology Beyond Bedlam came about because the
Maudsley who were holding the celebrations gave Survivors Poetry
(Frank Bangay 14.7.2009) [See
(Survivors History Group 27.5.2015) described Beyond
Bedlam as "a good anthology with a range of moods - not all gloom"
which combines "unknown and unpublished with known and famous poets". 5,000
poems were submitted - We do not know what happened to the ones that were
not published in the anthology.
Peter questioned "to what extent survivors and Survivors were Poetry
involved in making the book?". Survivor Poetry's network was used to bring
in the poems, but it is unclear whether Survivors Poetry had anything to do
with the selection or publication. Peter noted that there are good
illustrations, but that they are not integrated with the poetry.
Peter Campbell compared Beyond Bedlam to two anthologies compiled
independantly by survivors
Survivors Poetry from dark
to light published in 1992 with work from
54 poets and artists and
Under the Asylum Tree published in 1995
November? 1997 Eighth? National
Hearing Voices Conference.
The Hurt Yourself Less Workbook
by Eleanor Dace,
Alison Faulkner, M. Frost, K. Parker,
Louise Pembroke and
A. Smith. 79 leaves, single-sided: illustrated; 32 cm.
(ring binder) ISBN: 0953402703
Published by the
National Self-Harm Network London: 1998. Includes
bibliographical references. This was the first
self-management workbook written by survivors for survivors.
COPAC lists copies in four libraries, but not the British
Library. It was sold at £12.50.
review) - Download a
In 1998 North and West Belfast Health and Social Services Trust set up user
and carer groups to assist in the development of mental health services.
The user group evolved into L.A.M.P. (Life After Mental health
Problems). L.A.M.P. aims to provide support and advice to users of
mental health services.
L.A.M.P.'s office 3 Rosemary Street, Belfast (028 90 242982) opened in 2001
and is staffed by volunteers from the group.
L.A.M.P. also organise a weekly ward round in the Mater
Hospital in Belfast where Advocates can be accessed on the wards.
Footsteps was set up by four local artists in Ealing, West London in 1998.
It "uses art in all its forms to help people who live with, or who are
recovering from, mental health problems".
was a co-founder and
the director to 2009. He remained a trustee to 2012.
Footsteps arts became Registered Charity Number 1117933 in February 2007.
Its website was first archived 10.5.2008. It
became Alpha One Activity Clubs - Mental Health Arts Group
January 1998 Nick Crossley in London (12th to 16th) researching the
survivors' movement. Wednesday 14.1.1998 (morning): Interview with Andrew
Roberts at Andrew's home.
Interview 2. [Note that
(Interview 9) was
interviewed in 1997.]
February 1998 Getting Ready for User-Focused Monitoring (UFM) - A
Guide for mental Health Service Providers, Users and Purchasers
Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health. A Workbook compiled by Libby
Gawaith (Quality Assurance Project) - Diana Rose (Coordinator, User Focused
Monitoring Project) - Peter Lindley (Training and Practice Development
Section) - Gabriel MacKintosh (User Focused Monitoring Project) - Richard
Ford - (Head of Service Evaluation). "The cost of a two year licence, which
includes the right to use questionnaire materials and inspection visit
workbooks, as well as one training visit from The Sainsbury Centre is
Tuesday 10.2.1998 [First]
National Voices Forum Conference on
Schizophrenia, Birmingham. -
see box -
External link to report. There were five conferences focussing
on personal methods of coping with mental illness/distress and its
associated problems. See
Shaughnessy was interviewed by Fergus Walsh for BBC1's News at One.
Others taking part in a "media blitz" were
Roberta Graley, Gloria
Brown (Brent User Group), Pat Butterfield (ECT Anonymous) and
(Survivors Speak Out)
12.2.1998 "Former bus driver
who has signed up for
Mental Health Media training, went into hospital five years ago
suffering from manic depression after he was attacked on a bus. A new two-
year drive by the national charity Mental Health Media is aimed at giving
those with mental health problems like Mr Shaughnessy the chance to speak
March 1998 First Big Alternative Conference organised by
Strategies for Living. "to celebrate the
credibility of service user involvement in services, and demonstrate that
that mental health services can be different"
(Newsletter October 1997)
2.3.1998 to 5.6.1998 Phase two training for first recruits to
Users to Trainers' Project. Name changed to
Capital Project Trust
Seaton Point, a novel by
Ted Curtis, Martin
Cooper, Rob Colson, Lucy Williams, Mally Mallinson and Emma McElwee,
published by Spare Change Books.
Anselm Lionel-Rajah appointed "Service User Involvement Worker" at
MACA (the Mental After Care Association). Responsible for
delivering MACA's "service user involvement strategy": Visiting service
users, finding out how people wanted to be involved in the decision making
process. Devised and lead his own training course called the Service User
Involvement Workshop. Coordinated a central service user group, producing
newsletters and minutes. An advocate for service users at management
meetings. Liased with other statutory and voluntary agencies. (Information
from Linkedin 3.7.2012). To June 2005 (6 years 10 months). See
Service User Involvement Directorate
September/October 1998 Survivor's Poetry
(downloadable pdf) - This
became Poetry Express.
10.9.1998 and 11.9.1998 International Conference to mark ten
years of the
Hearing Voices Network held in Birmingham. Organised by
Strategies for Living
Newsletter Volume 2 Issue 2.
Reclaim Bedlam -
and the All Wales Users and Survivor Network target the "Changing Minds"
campaign as a "smokescreen to let them get away with compulsory treatment
Saturday 31 October 1998
Rocky Bennett (David Bennett), a 38-year-
old Black man, was certified dead in the early hours. He had been a
detained patient in the Norvic Clinic, an NHS medium secure unit in
Norwich, for three years.
His death followed an incident involving the use of restraint.
November 1998 Two day conference in Birmingham leading to the
setting up of the
National Advocacy Network
1998 PACE service user/survivor-led report on gays'/lesbians'/bisexuals'
experiences of mental health services. (On Our Own Terms 2003 Table 4)
In June 1998 Nelsy
became a mental patient. This diagram shows in pictures how she confronted
her fears and through self-research became healthy. The period of almost
fifteen years of being "healthy" is 2000 to 2015. Since 2005, she says, she
has "been happier".
Louis Pembroke organised the first to risk reduction conferences
for survivors. One of the outcomes of these was the publication of
Cutting the Risk
[NSHN 1999], the first and only book on practical
harm-minimisation for self-harm. - Download a
Nick Crossley (1999) "Fish, field, habitus and madness: the
mental health users' movement." British Journal of Sociology 50, 4,
Peter Campbell, (1999) "The Service User/Survivor Movement" In C. Newnes,
C, G. Holmes, C. Dunn (editors) This is Madness: A Critical Look at The
Future of Mental Health Services. Ross on Wye, Herefordshire: PCCS
M. Crawford and A. S. Kessel (1999) "Not listening to patients - the use
and misuse of patient satisfaction studies". International Journal of
Social Psychiatry, volume 45, pages 1-6.
social worker, Bernadette, (to whom she dedicated Poppy Shakespeare)
provided encouragement. In 1999 Clare applied for and was accepted on to an
MA course in creative writing at the University of East Anglia.
Daily Mail interview 4.3.2008
1999 First date on chronology of the National Disability Arts
Collection and Archive
"The Story So Far" -
archive - A current
website (2014) - the relevant
SHAPE current website
January 1999 First meeting of the "Critical Psychiatry Network" (The
'Bradford' group of psychiatrists), many of whose members have taken an
interest in the user/survivor movement.
Link to its website - See
Asylum 1999 -
Internet archive of Kirsti Reeves' Resources and Information for
People who self-injure. Internal evidence suggests Kirsti may have begun
her site on 23.11.1997.
Patient advocacy Council Report CR74 from the
Royal College of Psychiatrists, London.
offline. Membership of the Working Party:
Philip Graham (Chair) -
Edna Conlan, United Kingdom Advocacy Network (UKAN)
- Brian McGinnis, MENCAP - Victoria Thomas, Royal College of Psychiatrists'
Research Unit - Christina Young, UKAN.
Working Party administered by: Ms Deborah Hart, Royal College of
Psychiatrists. This was a review of the
1989 policy - See
February 1999 Issue twelve. Photo of
Smiley at Cuckoo Club Christmas Party on the cover.
March 1999 Issue thirteen "Reclaim Bedlam Presents... Round One of
Stop Compulsory Treatment Orders. March on SANE!"
July 1999 Issue seventeen "Mad pride - The first concert"
October 1999 Issue twenty "Mad pride celebrates and evening of
survivors Punk Rock" ... "PLUS: SIMBA takes off..."
November 1999 Issue 21 "Southwark Mind 'Coping and Caring'
Conference targets suicide issues and launches a memorial monument"
9.3.1999 to 19.3.1999 Survivors' Poetry
"Fresher than Green,
Brighter than Orange". An exhibition of poems by Irish women at
Fresher than Green, Brighter than Orange- an anthology of poetry by
Irish women living in London in 1999, edited by
Eamer O'Keeffe and
Lisa Boardman was published by Survivors Poetry Press. The writers were
Eamer O'Keeffe - Ann Rossiter - Carolyn O'Connell - Kathleen O'Sullivan -
Siúbhan McNally - Ann Dalton - Julie McNamara - Roismáire
McGill - Anne Ireton - Carolyn O'Connell
17.3.1999 Memorandum and articles of association for Leeds Survivor
Led Crisis Services aiming at "providing sanctuary and support, as a
complement and as an alternative, to statutory services for people in acute
mental health crisis and those experiencing emotional or mental distress".
Charity number 1075160. This set up "Dial House".
Reclaim Bedlam march on
External link "Over one hundred user/survivors of the mental
health system gathered.. at the Royal London Hospital in Whitechapel and
marched to the headquarters of the office of SANE nearby. Under the
campaigning banner, this was the first of a number of actions planned to
fight the Government's proposals to introduce new legislation set to
contain compulsory treatment (drugs) for people living in the community."
14.3.1999 and 15.3.1999. Second
Big Alternative Conference organised by
Strategies for Living. "Rabbi Julia Neuberger
will introduce the second day, which we hope will attract more
professionals this year, as we are keen to start spreading our messages to
a wider audience"
(Newsletter October 1998)
May 1999 "Strategies for Living On-line" by "Julia B." (Julia
Blazdell) who designed the (low graphics) website. "why not don an anorak,
go to your local library (or whereever there's a computer with internet
asscess) and type in the following address:
You'll be amazed what's out there!
(The Advocate May 1999).
Naked Songs and Rhythms of Hope "An illustrated collection of poems
from 1974 to 1999 by
Frank Bangay" "Launched at Mad Pride Benefits in June and at the
Union Chapel, Compton Ave, London N1 at 8pm on Saturday 11th
"first ever gig" -
archive index) -
"Frank Bangay, veteran of Campaign Aganst Psychiatric Oppression and
survivor poet read from his latest book"
The Mad Pride gig (20.6.1999) was held at the Foundry in Old Street,
Shoreditch. The Mad Pride
begins 4.11.1999 - Last updated 22.9.1999. A website established earlier
Peter Shaughnessy at
appears to be lost
Bill Warwick died at home 13 Broxton Avenue,
West Kirby. His ashes were spread at Landican Cemetery, Wirral, in July
Janet Cresswell, in Broadmoor, "had a visit from staff"
"somebody had phoned to say that Bill Warwick had died. It was kind of
whoever it was who called as I had wondered what had happened o him. He was
in the last war so he must have been heading for 80. He was still banned
from visiting me but seemed to be connected with User groups up north and
battled on." Later Janet "had a letter from a friend of his who explained
that Bill often indulged in fasting, twenty days was usual, to cleanse his
body of impurities. He overdid it on this last occasion lasting out sixty
days except for sipping carrot and apple juice and nobody realising he was
starving. He was 77 and wouldn't have a doctor over the front door"
(letters from Janet to Joan
Hughes 2.7.1999 and 12.7.1999.
September 1999 outsider poems by
David Kessel, and David Amery
1999 Recovery: an alien concept by
Ron Coleman. Gloucester: Handsell. 116 pages. See
September 1999 Birmingham Conference "Recovery. An Alien Concept"
organised by Handsell
Publishing. This was the second Annual Conference of Handsell
Publishing. The speakers list included
Loren Mosher (USA), Phil Barker,
Michaela Amering (Austria),
Ron Coleman, Phil Thomas,
Sondra Escher, Steve Crane,
Lucy Johnstone, Ian Parker,
McLaughlin, Fran Silverti (USA), Mike Smith, Andy Gilbert,
Errol Francis. The speakers' list reflected the interest of a variety of
professionals in this "process of recovery from severe and enduring
mental health problems".
Department of Health, London, A National Service Framework for
"The National Service Framework for Mental Health is an attempt
to set national standards for services for people of working age who
experience mental illness. Service users were
involved in setting these standards and the document identifies service
users as key players in the development and evaluation of health care.
Specifically, the document states that:
a) Service users need to be involved in developing services in order to
make them more acceptable and culturally sensitive.
b) Performance of psychiatric services needs to be assessed at a national
and local level by the experience of users and carers including those from
Black and ethnic minority groups.
c) Service users and carers should be involved in planning, providing and
evaluating training for all health care professionals."
(Mike Crawford, March 2001)
November 1999 Green Paper:
Reform of the Mental Health Act 1983.
Proposals for consultation (1999). London: The Stationery
National Voices Forum Conference on Self-Management of Schizophrenia,
External link to report.
October 1999 Issue one of The Voice of
SIMBA: let the tiger
roar... "The Newsletter of SIMBA (Share In Maudsley Black Action), the
Black Patient/User/Survivor group in the Maudsley Hospital"
Martha McCleeland - Paddy
and others "came together and
thought about how we were going to develop the process of peer advocacy on
an island wide basis." They decided on a conference and. in preparation,
Paddy Masterson and Paddy
McGowan "travelled the country on a two-week basis calling with health
boards all across the Republic of Ireland. Talking with survivors, talking
to health board staff and mental health employees."
The Irish Advocacy Network (IAN) was formed from the first user run user
led conference in Derry in November 1999, a three day conference,
"VOICES", organized by Mind
Yourself in Derry, Northern Ireland. Gave "service users a
collective voice for the first time". Approximately 270 people attended,
mostly mental health service users (survivors). Survivors met alone for the
first two days of the conference, allowing people "time and space to tell
their own stories".
"The Steering Committee was elected democratically for the conference, a
management committee of 12 individuals, 6 from the north, 6 from the south,
7 women and 5 men. Out of that beginning the Network was born."
The Irish Advocacy Network was
formed at the conference
Paddy McGowan was elected chair of the network.
For three years it was
"about getting out there, meeting the people, talking to survivors..." "we
had no understanding of where we were going to draw finances from." See
September 2002 -
December 2002 -
"Since 2000, Rethink has worked collaboratively with the Institute of
Psychiatry, King's College London to deliver anti-discrimination training
to professional audiences. People with experience of
mental illness deliver the training alongside Rethink staff."
Graham Estop was
the National Voices Forum's worker from 2000 to 2004.
During 2001 and 2002 I received numerous flyers on "Victim to
Victor workshops" being run by
Action Consultancy and Training.
(probably in with
Hearing Voices Network. It was BIG business. Conferences were
held on Working with Voices, Working to Recovery, Working with People
diagnosed as having a personaility Disorder, Working with Self-harm,
Working through Sexual Abuse, Suicide Risk & Management, PATH (Planning
Alternative Tomorrows with Hope), Person Centred Planning and Tools for
Change. Conferences were held in London, Cardiff, Gloucester,Manchester,
Leicester, Hull,Leeds, Gloucester, Liverpool, Southhampton, Sheffield,
Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Exeter...!!. (Anne Plumb email 3.9.2009)
Taking Over the Asylum - Empowerment and Mental Health by
Marian Barnes and Ric Bowl.
(external link) -
Terence McLaughlin's PhD thesis Psychology and mental health
politics: A critical history of the
Manchester Metropolitan University was
examined by Marius
Romme in 2000
Pathways, Barriers and Aspirations: The Mental Health System in
Birmingham from a Service User Perspective was commissioned from
2000 Local Authority Health Overview and Scrutiny Committees (OSCs) were
established following the Local Government Act 2000
Alison Faulkner and Sarah Layzell
Strategies for Living: A
Report of User-led Research into People's Strategies for Living with Mental
Distress, Mental Health
Jeff Walker: "in
January 2000 I was actually admitted to a psychiatric unit suffering from
very severe acute and chronic depression. I was in hospital for about three
weeks then I was ill at home for about another six months, I had another
hospital admission, was ill at home again and then in
chapter "Managing Madness": Saturday 1.1.2000 3.30am: still
listening to music and dancing alone. I've drank loads. And feel 'happy?'
... 8.45am: woke up feeling very miserable. Wednesday 5.1.2000
10.30am: delivered the Patients' Perspective talk at City
University. Friday 7.1.2000 5.30pm I travelled all the way to
Ponders End campus - to be away from home, at the time Trevor suggested we
meet. 11.30pm: felt something crawling in my head - an insect, but when I
tried to brush it away, 'there was nothing there?'
7.1.2000 Yahoo group
UKSurvivors founded by Mark Roberts as "Survivors watching UK
Mental Health Act"
"UKsurvivors came along in a New Labour Mental Health 'Horizon' period ..
Hope was all. No-one can divorce UKsurvivors from the disappointing
politics of the times in which it has been constructed and formed by its
posters. Instead of serious meaningful reform, from 2000 to 2009, which
positively touched individuals lives, the system is still failing many."
"Harry H. Towers" on UKsurvivors 16.7.2009
Little Wing, Dundee,
Mary Nettle wrote her story for the SUN website. She was, at
this time, "among many
chair of Mindlink ... a
Mental Health Act Commissioner". She said that she had learnt
manage her illness by listening to colleagues in the user
feel valued and hope that in a small way I am enabling others to gain the
benefits of speaking up and speaking out. It feels good to have turned a
negative into a positive".
23.2.2000 Debate: "Policing the Mind: is compulsory community
treatment ever justified?" Topic discussed by Tom Burns, a member of the
Royal College of Psychiatry's 1993
Community Treatment Order working party
- Cliff Prior, Chief Executive of the
National Schizophrenia Fellowship
whose "largest ever survey of user and carer views on mental health law"
led to the "Better Act Now! campaign" - Frank Holloway, who "has a long-
standing interest in the history and social policy of community care" -
Peter Campbell, "a Mental Health System Survivor and has been sectioned
many times. Since 1980 he has been involved in service users' campaigns to
improve the position of people with a mental illness." Debate chaired by
George Szmukler, the Medical Director at the Maudsley Hospital - See
See May 2000 document
Sidney Millin joined
THACHMO in 2000. He was elected Chairperson in 2002, in place of the first
Chair, Gloria Marcano. Sidney served as Chair for five years. In 2007 he
stepped down so that he could apply for the Development Worker post. Hazel
Roach became Chair.
Tower Hamlets African and Caribbean Mental Health Organisation
(THACMHO) decided to formally establish itself as a voluntary
sector organisation. Launched at Bow Road Methodist Church in February
2000. "Rose Wilson, Cashain David, Marcia McLeod and Mandisha Cordray
Smith the African and Caribbean mental health workers who supported us were
honoured". A leaflet was produced in
2.3.2000 Meeting of Survivor Groups at Friends House - Led to
Statement on the Mental Health Green Paper by Meeting of National Mental
Health User/Survivor Groups. 23.3.2000 Organisations
represented at the meeting:
Cymrar (Advocacy in Wales) - Ect-Anon - African Caribbean User/Survivor
Forum - National Voices Network - United Kingdom Advocacy Network -
All Wales User Network -
Manic Depression Fellowship - Mad Pride -
Reclaim Bedlam - Association of Survivor Workers. Not present, but
supporting the statement: Survivors Speak Out and National Self Harm
Friday 17.3.2000 Article
"Talking Sense" by Matt Seaton in Evening Standard
Magazine "Sick of being ghettoised as knife-weilding loners, London's
mentally ill are proclaiming their innocence and taking to the streets in
the most radical protest since the sixties civil rights movement. On the
eve of their mass lobby of Parliament Matt Seaton talks to some of the
activists who are proud to be mad"
[Archives from 3.10.2000)
The first speaker was introduced: she immediately broke into an African
tribal dance in time to an African chant which she taught us to sing! She
then contrasted her rich Afro-Caribbean culture with our Western one. In
her culture, a mentally ill person remains part of a supportive community
(including an extended family). The medicine woman will prepare an
individualised prescription for her, prepared according to ancient
traditional rituals, and will provide counseling and advice.
In contrast, in our Western society, she says, "someone who is supposedly
not functioning the way they should, we shut them away from their friends
and family and all that is familiar".
Hair dressing is central to African Culture. It is an intimate thing, and
only done by your family or close friends. She told us how a black
Caribbean woman in a mental hospital became very angry with a nurse who
tried to comb her hair. The nurse did not understand until it was explained
that she was violating her culture and personal space. Also a Caribbean
mental patient refused to eat hospital food. Food in her culture needs to
be eaten in a place of comfort, cooked by friends in a special way - not in
a hostile environment where she does not fit in as a black person. As a
Caribbean, she regarded the hospital cooks as accomplices in her
Premila Trivedi (left) - Paulette and her children, Shanice and
Aaron - and
(back row) Linden Falkener, Gary and Lionel. SIMBA was the "most exciting
useful" thing that had happened to Premila over the past year. She thought
of "transparencies, statistics and charts", but the group thought it would
be "so much more powerful to do it through prose and poetry"
This was the first public appearance. They performed on Ward ES3 on
1.5.2000 and later to the Board of the South London and Maudsley NHS Trust
31.3.2000 End of consultation on the
Green Paper on a new Mental
East Lothian Involvement Group ("Our voice on mental health
services") became an independent
group on 1.4.2000. With funding from Disability Scotland it acquired
computer equipment and internet access and
established a website.
The website was established after 1.4.2000 and before Thursday 2.11.2000
when ELIG had a Bonfire Night/Fireworks celebration from 6:30pm. The
ELIG Annual General Meeting was held on Wednesday 20 December 2000. The
website probably remained unaltered from 2000 to 16.4.2004 when it was
archived by the
international archive. It was still the same
on 22.11.2008 this website created a one page
copy of its content, without the overlaying advertisements of
the original Lycos site.
A new website was established in
20.4.2000 Constitution of Edinburgh Users Forum.
See website - The address for EUF is c/o
29.5.2000 Launch of In or Out of the Picture? (Are you
feeling, or being made to feel, out of the picture?"), a promotional
leaflet by members of Tower Hamlets
African and Caribbean
Mental Health Organisation. The publication of a
Tower Hamlets history in September opened up an historical
perspective on being left out of the picture
In 1999, THACMHO proposed an
assessment of the mental health needs of African and Caribbean peoples in
Newham, Hackney and Tower Hamlets, in preparation for the formation of the
East London and City NHS Mental Health trust in April 2000.
July 2000 National Health Service Plan: -
(External link to download summary) -
(External link to download full plan)
"For many service users and carers, the NHS Plan
(2000) offered the first opportunity to play a key role in the design,
delivery, planning, monitoring
and evaluation of health services. A Patient and Public Involvement Forum
has been set up
for every NHS trust and primary care Trust in England, to allow local
people to play an active role
in decision making." (Mental Health and
Social Exclusion, June 2004, page 44)
July 2000 David Armes "Enablement and Exploitation: The
Contradictory Potential of Community Care Policy for Mental Health Service
Users". Unpublished Paper presented to the Social Policy Association 33rd
7.7.2000 "Biggest Mental Health Lobby Ever"
(Asylum 2000 volume 2)
mentions attempt to give statue of Winston Churchill a giant depot
Sch News front page "Mad for it" on Mental
Health Green Paper (Reform of the Mental Health Act) and Mad Pride festival
in Clissold Park July 15th, 1pm-9pm
August 2000 Issue two of The Voice of
SIMBA: let the tiger
15.8.2000 First archive of the
wellcoolstuff website. [I think this is here
to help date the controversy of what David Crepaz-Keay linked to from his
23 big issues affecting People with a Mental
Illness or Disorder identifed by the Consumer Forum at
at the Adelaide Convention Centre.
1.7.2000 The Hamlets and the Tower: 1000 Years of Tower Hamlets'
History by David Rich of Tower Hamlets Library and Archives,
a 34 page booklet published by the council. David Rich also worked for many
years on an online history. These gave Tower Hamlets an identity, but they
left members of Tower Hamlets
African and Caribbean
Mental Health Organisation feeling
"Out of the Picture". Where were people of African descent
Windrush docked down river at Tilbury? Inspiration came from
an anthology of 18th century black writers published in 1996,
five of whom had lived in what is now Tower Hamlets.
September 2000 Birmingham Conference "Moving Beyond Maintenance -
Making Recovery a Reality in Mental Health Services" organised by
Publishing. This was the third Annual Conference of Handsell
1st National Conference of Survivor Workers -
by Rose Snow, Conference co-ordinator -
The Mechanics Institute, Manchester
28 February 2001
National Voices Forum and
Hearing Voices Network Conference on Self-Management of
External link to report. Possibly about here that Issue One of
Perceptions - The Magazine of the
National Voices Forum was issued.
An Article by
Carol Jenkin, founder
The user movement in England research, proposed autumn 2000, was
On Our Own Terms (summary The Mental
Service User Movement in England) in May and June 2003.
2.11.2000 Diana Rose
"The user movement in England. 2000. Position paper. background to proposed
research on the user movement", meant to be read as background
to a Research Proposal on the user movement in England which had been
Matt Muijen the Chief Executive of the
Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health. He provided the money for
the study. The position paper, although containing personal reflections,
was said to have "arguments ... based on shared experience, literature
written by members of the movement and preliminary discussions with the
contemporary chairpersons of two, rather different, local user groups in
"Diana Rose set up the project, including a
steering group of
some key figures in the user movement, before she left to set up SURE at
the Institute of Psychiatry." (Angela Sweeney)
The "User Survey Steering Group" members listed in
Diana Rose -
Andrew Hughes -
Jim Read -
Peter Campbell -
- Hilary Hawking -
- Rachel Perkins -
Jacqui Sealey -
Carol Jenkin -
Dominic Makuvachuma Walker -
Diana Rose says "we got agreement from the Chief Executive of
the Steering Group, and not he, would have final
say over the content of the report. To me it is amazing that we got that
concession and it would not happen today. So my position paper was also
prescient - things have continued to move away from a user-led focus at
least in research". (email from Diana Rose
Anne Plumb was interviewed over the phone by Diana, in
connection with this research. This probably explains why Anne had a copy
of Diana's Position Paper - The only one we know of that survived. (email
from Anne Plumb 18.3.2010)
There was some overlap between the
User Survey Steering Group and the
research team for this project. The acknowledgments to
On Our Own Terms thanks (in order) the steering group - the
Sainsbury Centre (and its Services Research team) - individuals who were
interviewed etc - and concludes "The research team were: Jan Wallcraft and
(SCMH); Hilary Hawkin, Robert Jones, Andrew Hughes,
and Hanif Bobat (sessional interviewers and consultants on data
analysis). Carolyn Farr and Jennifer Findlay provided excellent
administrative support. Diana Rose originated the project, did the earlier
work to set it up and remained available for guidance throughout."
November 2000 The Hertfordshire Mind Network established
ViewPoint "to enable people who use mental health services to get
involved in the planning and delivery of these services". It had its first
Annual Meeting on 23.11.2004 -
an archive -
November 2000 Southwark Mind Newsletter Issue 33. "The Cuckoo
Club presents a firework party"
18.12.2000 Rosemary Moore (Surrey) launched
Mental Magazine UK
(a website) in memory of her mother Bettina
(archive). Site updates continued until 2003.
In England, the first years of the twenty first century were marked by a
major set back to the voluntary (unpaid) users' movement with the abolition
Community Health Councils, which had often provided a base and
for users. (See
This was accompanied, however, by statutory requirements for
user consultation and the establishment of a new structure of consultation.
It also saw the expansion of the structure for purchasing advice
from user groups. In New Zealand,
Mary O'Hagan was appointed as a Mental Health Commissioner. In
England, users carried out the most extensive survey of
"The user movement in
Mad Pride provided new
perceptions of the movement, presented in opposition to the growth of
involvement in establishment activities.
at Survivors History
'You can heal your life'
was the title of the presentation by
She spoke of her
journey of recovery since being diagnosed with bi polar disorder in
2001. She turned from medication to
complementary therapies, educated herself about
her condition, learnt to identify triggers and learnt coping strategies.
learnt about myself,
accepted who I am, the way I am
and accepted my condition, that it was part of me,"
Adam James (2001), Raising our Voices: History of the Voice Hearing
Handsell, United Kingdom
Making a Scene, a service user led and managed drama group,
established in the Eastleigh/Southampton area.
External link to website.
Hackney Patients Council Report for the First Five Years
by Andy Martin, Lai Yuen Lung and Tariq Qathafi
Jeff Walker: "in
January 2001 I had a final
hospital admission where I was sent home well
again, I started to get a bit better then. My recovery started in about
January 2001 to the point where in June 2001 I started volunteering for
Bristol MIND." See Bristol
ECT Anon website. It remains essentially the same.
Present website. The people and locations cited are Keighley,
(Pat Butterfield?) - Una Parker, Pontefract, West Yorkshire and
J. Campbell, Sheffield. South Yorkshire.
Users' Voices -
The perspectives of mental health service users on community and hospital
Diana Rose. A review of the
Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health's work in
January 2001 Vicky Nicholls Doing Research Ourselves A Report
Strategies for Living Research Support
February 2001 Sharon Matthew Research Project into Users Groups
and Empowerment Supported by the
Strategies for Living Project - Mental Health
February 2001 Dale Ashman (in Cumbria) received a
MIND "Real Lives, Real People" Award, funded by the Millennium
Commission to establish Borderline UK as a national user-led network of
people with a Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) diagnosis. Dale had
started Borderline UK in 2000 as a personal web site. - First
archive 8.3.2001 - Borderline UK adopted its
first formal constitution in 2003 -
Borderline Personaliy Disorder is a type of
Personality Disorder called Borderline because it was believed
to be on the
Borderline Personality Disorder leaflet.
voicesforum.org.uk registered to
"Graham Estop, National Voices Forum". Email from Graham
24.3.2014: I originally set up the Voices Forum website at
Access Space in
Chris Barchard came to Sheffield a few months
ago to modernise the site (now
http://www.perceptionsforum.org.uk". This was with
the help of Access Space following the sad death of
Zyra. He stayed with
me on his visit here.
28.2.2001 First UK Survivor Workers' conference held in
200 survivor workers
attend. Report written by Rose Snow
published in 2002. (On Our Own
Terms 2003 Table 4) -
Report in Asylum. Participants included
David Crepaz-Keay, Deputy Director Mental Health Media -
Angela Linton-Abulu, Chair Black Women's Mental Health Project -
Rachel Perkins, Clinical
Director Pathfinder Trust -
March 2001 Issue one of
aaina - a mental health advocacy newsletter - published in
India. First editor
March 2001 "The role of users of psychiatric services in service
development - influence not power" by Peter Campbell, and "Involving users
in the development of psychiatric services - no longer an option" by
Mike Crawford published in the
Psychiatric Bulletin of the Royal College of Psychiatrists
Strategies for Living Newsletter Issue 12. Includes
"Simba roars - A personal perspective from
1.3.2001 Making Waves (Nottingham) website first archived.
First useful copy
2.2.2006. "Making Waves consists of people
with a range of experiences of mental distress. It was developed from a
project called Service Users Monitoring Service (SUMS), set up to deliver
User Focussed Monitoring in 2000, and became a not for profit limited
company in January 2003. Making Waves aims to use people's experiences to
transform mental health services, and develop new and innovative ways of
supporting people experiencing mental distress. The organisation has
extensive experience of providing service evaluation of mental health
services and contributing to the development and evaluation of courses
including those offered within the School of Nursing at Nottingham
University. Making Waves has moved on from simple UFM to be much more
engaged in research, and education and training."
14.3.2001 Fourth Big Alternative Conference organised by
Strategies for Living - London Voluntary
Sector Resource Centre, 356 Holloway Road, London N7 6PA.
National Voices Forum website first archived. First
recoverable copy of home page is isssue five, uploaded 26.7.2001
Critical Psychiatry Sheffield
Health and Social Care Act 2001: The NHS is required to consult
and involve service users under
of the Health and Social Care Act 2001. The bill for this Act had sought to
abolished Community Health Councils and established successor
organisations, but this part was
delayed until after the General Election. One or other Act
extended Overview and Scrutiny Committees remit to healthcare
Crazy UK Jaunt 2001
29.5.2001 - 3.5.2001 Northern Ireland - Ballmena, Londonderry, and
7.6.2011 and 8.6.2011 Brighton/Hove
Working Like Crazy is an acclaimed Canadian film (Skyworks/National Film
Board of Canada) which documents the compelling stories of people in
Toronto who have been labelled "unemployable", but who now work for firms
run by mental health service users.
After over a year of planning, five people involved in the businesses and
in making the film are coming to the UK. Over two weeks in four sites
show the film in a number of venues, to varied audiences
participate in discussions on issues the film raises, and
make links with UK folk with kindred interests and commitments.
The group are:
Diana Capponi (Coordinator of
Ontario Council of Alternative Businesses),
Laurie Hall (formerly Director,
A-Way Couriers, currently Business Development Consultant,
Patricia Fowler (Provincial Project Office Coordinator, OCAB),
Laura Sky (independent film maker) and
(independent researcher and writer).
Diana, Laurie, Patricia and Laura will start the Jaunt in Belfast and then
join Kathryn in Edinburgh. The five will go on to Hull and Brighton.
Working Like Crazy is about alternatives to conventional thinking about
mental health and illness, community development, and prospects for people
living with mental health problems and forging new ways to regain control
of their lives.
Canadian audiences have responded warmly to Working Like Crazy. It has also
been previewed widely in the UK by service users, social firms workers,
health and social service providers, and policy makers. Their comments
demonstrate the film's value for stimulating thought, feeling and debate
about issues as pressing here as they are in Canada: community economic
development, social inclusion, and development of frameworks and resources
to support people with mental health problems in living communities.
I will be happy to provide fuller information on the Edinburgh events
to anyone interested. I can also provide fuller information on the Hull and
Northern Ireland events. Tessa Parkes, co-organiser of the Brighton/Hove
events is preparing additional information for list members who may be
interested in events there. David Glenister is co-organising Hull events;
and Mary Chambers and Carol Kelly the Northern Ireland events.
Stephen Tilley (BA, PhD, RMN)
Department of Nursing Studies
The University of Edinburgh
40 George Square
Edinburgh EH8 9LL
In 2004/2005, when
was published, the members of the Black History Committee were:
Beverley Clarke, Sadie Parkes, Jennifer Jones, Ruth Riviere, Jean Hall, and
internet archive of the
Camden Mental Health Consortium website
Friday 29.6.2001 Unexpected death of
Mary Barnes, aged 78, in Scotland.
30.6.2001 Independent on Sunday
launched campaign against proposed Mental Health Bill.
July 2001: International
Mad Pride Month)
9.7.2001 to 13.7.2001
Royal College of Psychiatrists Annual Meeting in London
9.7.2001 "Day of Action" -
(Asylum 2002, volume 1)
Saturday 14.7.2001 "Psychology Politics Resistance: Asylum in the
21st Century" (4th annual meeting of PPR)
(external link to report) - See also
23.7.2001 Archive of
On the Side
23.7.2001 East Berkshire Mind Limited (04257529) Registered Address:
2nd Floor 33 Blagrave Street, Reading, RG1 1PW incorporated.
Principal trading address: Building A, Trinity Court, Wokingham Road,
Bracknell, RG42 1PL. Founded by Mrs Margaret Irene Smith and Ms Ruth
Fawcett. 5-9 people are employed at some time.
Steve Gillard was appointed Research and Development Manager
Slough User Led Consultation was established in 2002,
filed to 2009. 2.2.2010:
To stop running Sunrise Club.
Formally dissolved 1.9.2014
News Release: User-Led Research is the way forward for improved services,
says the Mental Health Foundation
In consultation consumers are asked for their views, which are taken into
account but may or may not be used. In collaboration consumers are active
partners in the research process, sharing some
of the responsibilities. They are seen as
sharing control with professionals and their say
is given equal weight. User control
is where consumers lead the research, often inviting professionals in as
consultants. Consumers may be trained.
Getting Involved in Research - a Guide for
Consumers by Consumers in NHS Research said that levels of
are on a continuum from consultation, through collaboration to consumer
control. Often the actual level of
involvement lies somewhere on a line between
them. It may be important however to be clear
about the level at which you are being involved.
September? 2001 Sheffield Conference "Start on Success. Recovery in
Action." organised by
Publishing. This was the fourth Annual Conference of Handsell
Tower Hamlets African and Caribbean Mental Health Organisation
(THACMHO) was a member of
the Development Forum responsible Black History Month events in Tower
On 6.10.2001 and 20.10.2001 THACMHO organised a
history walk and exhibition concentrating on sites associated with
who had contact within the East London area now known as Tower Hamlets
during the latter part of the 18th century.
On 12.10.2001 Dorothy Kuya gave a talk and slide presentation on how
the Atlantic Slave Trade made Britain Great, focusing on the Liverpool
The Lorrimore partnership - See
SIMBA and The Lorrimore entered into a partnership/mentoring arrangement.
The main objective of which was to facilitate SIMBA's continued development
as an independent black user group. The Lorrimore supported SIMBA by
undertaking key financial, advisory and support roles.
In March 2004 SIMBA had to vacate the Jane Field Room, at the Maudsley.
SIMBA's funding was due to cease in March 2005. The Lorrimore already
helped to administer SIMBA's bank account, bookkeeping, payment of
salaries, provision of supervision, and provided office space.
The SIMBA Co-ordinators consulted with some of the SIMBA members
about being incorporated into a larger organisation and, in general, they
were agreeable to this so long as they maintained the autonomy and
integrity of their existing work. In April 2005, SIMBA officially became
part of The Lorrimore.
Distress Awareness Training Agency (DATA) website. See
Survivors History archive. The website was
simplified to a single page about November 2004.
First Internet Archive of
Schizophrenia Ireland website. The
first with significant content is
"Relatives Support Groups. Schizophrenia Ireland branches and support
groups have meetings once a month where parents and relatives can talk
about the problems they have coping with schizophrenia in the family.
Information and support are available for all. The groups also arrange for
psychiatrists and others to come and give talks from time to time. 31
groups meet in various locations throughout the country. Many of the
support groups also arrange social activities for those relatives and
friends who have schizophrenia."
"Groups for people with schizophrenia: PHRENZ Groups are mutual support
groups for people who have schizophrenia or similar illnesses. PHRENZ
Groups currently meet in Dublin, Mayo, Kerry, Cork, Ennis, Galway and
Longford. In addition to the support meetings, additional social activities
are arranged for Sunday afternoons and various times during the week, but
does depend on the Group. Focus of the groups are structured discussion,
and are facilitated by Schizophrenia Ireland. staff. All groups welcome new
World Federation for Mental Health congress held Vancouver,
Canada, with the theme "Respecting Diversity in Mental Health in a Changing
Mad Pride march
Jack McConnell, new First Minister of Scotland. He promoted
Malcolm Chisholm to Minister for Health and Community Care
"Malcolm Chisholm was invited to numerous
Edinburgh User Forum meetings mainly around the Crisis Centre
agenda. So when he then became the minister for Health and Community Care
he was very sympathetic to the case that was being made by the mental
health service user movement" Keith Maloney
Edition of Mental Notes welcoming
Mary O'Hagan as a member of the New Zealand Mental Health
December 2001 Jeff Walker first employed by
Bristol MIND. "Before
that I was
a volunteer with the organisation and before that I was actually
a Bristol MIND service user." He became Director of Bristol Mind, but was
made redundant in the spring of 2008. His period is regarded as
constructive for service users, in particular because of the way Mind
resources were shared with service user groups. See
his own statement - Bristol index
"Rethink's media volunteers: Since 2002, Rethink has trained and supported
people directly affected by severe mental illness to
speak about experiences in the media. In 2007, 37 people told their story
in the media through Rethink's media team."
Shaping Our Lives National User Network became an independent
External link to website -
SOLNET: Shaping Our Lives Networking website
a national networking website run by and for
service user groups to share good practise, information and to empower
service user involvement.
The Research Governance Framework, brought in by he Department of Health
in 2002, placed a responsibility for organisations to involve those people
who use services and their carers in the evaluation of services. (See